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Тема уроку:Сила музики
Активізувати ЛО теми «Музика» в мовленні учнів;
формувати лексичні навички говоріння;
навчити читати текст з вилученням основної інформації;
розвивати навички роботи в групах і парах; виховувати любов до музики
Обладнання: підручник, картки із завданнями для парної та групової роботи, магнітофон, презентація Microsoft Power Point
І. Підготовка до сприйняття іншомовного мовлення
Teacher: Good morning, pupils! How are you?
Pupils: Good morning, teacher! We are fine, thank you!
Teacher: The topic of our today’s lesson is “The power of music”. We’ll speak about the influence of music on people’s life in general and on your life particularly. We’ll revise the names of different music styles; develop your listening, reading and speaking skills.
3. Warming up
Teacher: What words do you associate with the word “music”? Let’s make a mind-map.
Discussion of the quotes:
“Music is the medicine of the mind” (John A. Logan)
“Music is the universal language of mankind” (Henry Wadsworth)
Teacher: Look at the quotes on the board! Which of them do you agree with? Which of them don’t you agree with? Prove your opinion.
ІІ. Основна частина уроку
Work in pairs.
Teacher: Take turns to ask and answer the questions.
What kind of music do you prefer?
Do you play any instrument?
Do you often go to the concert?
Who’s your favourite singer?
What is your favourite group/band?
Reading the text “The power of music” using the interactive reading strategies.
Teacher: As we see, music plays an important role in your lives. You have told that each of you listen to music almost every day. But now we’ll get know how music influences on the life of the whole society.
Read the text using the following interactive reading strategy: put some marks on the margins:
√ information you know
∙ information you don’t know
+ new information
? information you a interested in
Match the texts (1- 4) to their titles (A-E). There is one extra title which doesn’t match any text.
The influence of music on our health and emotions
The effect of music on living organisms
Music and human’s brain
Music in the famous writers’ life
Music in the famous scientist’s life
The Power of Music
The influence of music on society can be clearly seen from modern history. For example, Albert Einstein is recognized as one of the smartest men who has ever lived. But a little known fact about Einstein is that when he was young he did extremely poor in school. His grade school teachers told his parents to take him out of school because hew as "too stupid to learn" and it would be a waste of resources for the school to invest time and energy in his education. The school suggested that his parents get Albert an easy, manual labor job as soon as they could. His mother did not think that Albert was "stupid". Instead of following the school's advice, Albert's parents bought him a violin. Albert became good at the violin. Music was the key that helped Albert Einstein become one of the smartest men who has ever lived. Einstein himself says that there as on he was so smart is because he played the violin.
It has also been proven that music influences humans both in good and bad ways. These effects are instant and long lasting. Music is thought to link all of the emotional, spiritual, and physical elements of the universe. Music can also be used to change a person's mood, and has been found to cause like physical responses in many people simultaneously. Music also has the ability to strengthen or weaken emotions from a particular event such as a funeral. Many researches show that music also influences on our health. It was found that slow music could slow the heart beat and the breath ingrate as well as bring down blood pressure. Faster music was found to speed up these same body measurements.
The power of music to affect memory is quite intriguing. In 1982, researchers from the University of North Texas performed the test on postgraduate students to see if music could help in memorizing vocabulary words. The students were divided into two groups. Each group was given the identical test. Group 1 learnt the words with classical music in the background. Group 2 was not given any background music. The results from the first two tests showed that group 1 had much better scores than group 2. However, simply using music while learning does not absolutely guarantee recall but can possibly improve it.
It may seen incredible but music impacts on animals and plants too. Tests on the effects of music on living organisms besides humans have shown that special pieces of music aid hens in laying more eggs. Music can also help cows to yield more milk. Researchers from Canada found that wheat will grow faster when exposed to special ultrasonic and musical sounds. Rats were tested by psychologists to see how they would react to Bach's music and rock music. The rats were placed into two different boxes. Rock music was played in one of the boxes while Bach's music was played in the other box. The rats could choose to switch boxes through a tunnel that connected both boxes. Almost all of the rats chose to go in to the box with the Bach music.
Answer the questions:
Whose example shows the influence of music on society?
Why did Einstein’s teachers advice his parents to take him out of school?
What did his parents do instead of the school’s advice?
Did the violin help him become one of the smartest men?
How does music impact on our emotions (health)?
What test did the researchers from the University of North Texas perform?
What task was each group of students given?
What were the results?
How does music impact on plants and animals?
How did the rats tested by the psychologists react to Bach’s music (rock music)?
3. Work in groups
Teacher: We have just read that music has a great impact not only on human being but even on animals and plants. There are various styles of music and they effect on our emotions and feelings in different ways. But what kinds of music do you know? I’ll divide you into groups. Each group will be given the cards with the names of different music styles and their definitions. Your task is to match the definitions with the styles.
(Учитель роздає картки, на одних надруковані назви стилів музики, на інших – їхні визначення. Завдання учнів: в групах поєднати ці картки)
choir music that has religious background
played with the help of electric instruments and steady rhythm
music played by military bands
music from the West Indians, with a strong regular beat. It develops in Jamaica, especially 1960s, and its best-known singer was Bob Marley
Composed many years ago and sung by people or choirs [ kwaie]
a musical style where the singer speaks or shouts the words
a style of music that was popular especially in the 1950s but is still played now. It has a strong, loud beat and is usually played on electrical instruments. The best-known singer Elvis Presley
A style based on blues and rhythm and blues, but with the electric instruments amplified so they are very loud.
Music that is popular and originated from the southern and western United States.
It has a slow, sad style, originally from the southern states of the USA
Both music and dance from Latin America, especially Argentina
The Beatles in the 1960s mixed rhythm and blues, rock and roll, and soul music. The new style was “beat” music. Groups used drums, bass and two guitars with vocal lead and harmony.
Teacher: On your desks there are cards in different colours. I’ll turn on the tape-recorder with different styles of music. Try to guess what style is it. While listening, choose one colour for each style. In such way we’ll find out what impressions you get from different kinds of music.
(Учитель вмикає магнітофонний запис з різними видами музики, учні спочатку вгадують, який це вид, а потім відповідно до кожного з них піднімають певну картку з кольором.)
Teacher: Two of you will make a survey.
( Під час виконання цих завдань двоє учнів підраховують, скільки дітей у класі підняли той чи інший колір, і презентують результати свого дослідження. Учитель зачитує психологічну характеристику цих кольорів.)
Red colour means that you have the feeling of excitement and romantic. This music has brought you in the world of pleasant dreams.
Yellow and orange mean that this style of music has given you the feeling of cheerfulness and happiness. It has evoked your excitement and enthusiasm.
Blue is a colour of relaxation and calm with the little shade of sadness.
Green is the most restful colour, it shows that such style of music has a refreshing quality. It has brought you peace and harmony.
Black means feeling of frustration and anger in people. It makes you irritable.
ІІІ. Заключна частина уроку
Summary. The game “A microphone”
Teacher: At our today’s lesson we’ve worked hard. Now it’s time to summarize the results. Please, pass the microphone in turn and answer the questions: What new information have you learnt today? What was the most interesting/difficult task for you?
Teacher: Your home task is to write a composition on the topic “The power of music”. Your marks are … Thank you for the lesson.
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