Збірник граматичних вправ з англійської мови "Reported Speech" (7-9 classes)

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Збірник граматичних вправ з англійської мови "Reported Speech" (додаткове завдання на зимові або весняні канікули) розроблений для учнів 9 класу, які навчаються за українськими програмами для загальноосвітніх шкіл та учнів 7-8 класів, які навчаються за програмами поглибленого вивчення англійської мови у спеціалізованих школах.

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Direct and Reported Speech

Пряма мова (direct speech) прямо передає мову автора, а непряма мова (indirect speech) показує, що хтось переказує висловлювання автора.

Direct Speech

Reported Speech

Present Simple

‘I am fine’, the boy said.

Past Simple

The boy said (that) he was fine.

Present Continuous

‘He is sleeping’, she said to me.

Past Continuous

She told me (that) he was sleeping.

Present Perfect

‘I just have washed my car’, he said.

Past Perfect

He said (that) he had washed his car.

Past Simple

‘I played chess’, Susan said.

Past Simple / Past Perfect

Susan said (that) she played chess.

Susan said (that) she had played chess.

Past Continuous

‘We were working all night long’, she said.

Past Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous

She said (that) they were working all night long.

She said (that) they had been working all night long.

Future Simple

‘She will go to the park tomorrow’, my brother said.

Conditional (would)

My brother said (that) she would go to the park the next day.

Bob said, ‘This film is very funny’. Bob said (that) the film was very funny.

Direct and Reported Speech. Interrogative Sentences (Questions)

У непрямих запитаннях, на відміну від прямих, прямий порядок слів (спочатку підмет, а потім присудок).

Загальні питання (Yes / No Questions) – це запитання, на яке потрібно дати відповідь «так» або «ні» – ‘yesorno’.

Якщо непрямою мовою передається загальне запитання, то запитання утворюється за допомогою if або whether. Дієслова do і does при утворенні

непрямих запитань не вживаються.

He asked me, ‘Do you speak English?’ – He asked if I spoke English.

Спеціальні питання (Wh-Questions) – це запитання, у яких вживаються питальні слова: who (хто), when (коли), where (де), why (чому), which (котрий) та інші.

У цьому випадку непрямі запитання утворюються за допомогою

відповідних питальних слів.

He asked me, ‘Where do you work?’ – He asked me where I worked.

Перетворюючи пряму мову на напряму, треба пам’ятати про заміну деяких слів на інші:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

today

that day

yesterday

the day before

now

then

tomorrow

the next day

this

that

these

those

here

there

last weekend

the weekend before

next weekend

the following weekend

ago

before

Reported Speech: Modal Verbs

При переході з прямої мови у непряму модальні дієслова must, can, may, neednt, will / shall змінюються:

Direct Speech

Indirect Speech

must

Susan: ‘I must do my homework’

had to / must

Susan said that she had to / must do her homework.

can

John: ‘I can run fast’

could / would be able to

John said that he could / would be able to run fast.

may

Bob: ‘My brother may be at the his room’

might / could

Bob said that his brother might be at his room.

needn’t

Nicole: ‘You needn’t read this book for tomorrow’

didn’t need to / didn’t have to / wouldn’t have to

Nicole said that I didn’t need to / didn’t have to read this book for the next day.

will / shall

Michelle: ‘Mr. Smithson shall fly to New York next month’

would

Michelle said that Mr. Smithson would fly to New York next month.

Модальні дієслова should, would, might, could залишаються без змін:

The teacher said: ‘You should study hard’

The teacher said that I should study hard.

Exercise 1

Write sentences in reported speech with ‘say’ or ‘tell’

1. Bob: ‘I do my homework every day’

2. Kelly: ‘I cleaned my room yesterday’

3. Susan to me: ‘I am typing a document now’

4. John to her: ‘My sister went to the cinema last Saturday’

5. Peter to him: ‘I shall help you with Math tomorrow’

6. Kathy: ‘I have washed all clothes’

7. Steve: ‘I was reading from 6 till 7 pm yesterday’

8. Jane: ‘I had come home by 5 pm yesterday’

9. Mrs. Green: ‘My friend is running at the moment’

10. Mr. Smithson: ‘I am working now’

Exercise 2

Write questions in reported speech

1. Peter to me: ‘Do you like green tea?’

2. John to his sister: ‘Did you go to the theatre yesterday?’

3. Michelle: ‘Where is the police station?’

4. Kathy to me: ‘What are you drawing?’

5. Bob: ‘Is he doing his homework now?’

6. Kelly to her brother: ‘When do you get up in the morning?’

7. David to her: ‘Did you clean your room yesterday?’

8. Susan to Jane: ‘Have you washed your dresses?’

9. Sam: ‘Whose textbook was on the desk?’

10. Jasmine to me: ‘What is your favourite lesson?’

Exercise 3

Write sentences in reported speech

1. The teacher: ‘Open the books!’

2. My sister: ‘Don’t close the window’

3. Pam: ‘Give me the phone’

4. John: ‘Don’t swim at the lake!’

5. Bob: ‘Send this e-mail’

Exercise 4

Write sentences in reported speech

1. Samantha to her sister: ‘I can help you with your homework’

2. Kelly: ‘You should clean your room’

3. Susan: ‘May I open the window?’

4. John to her: ‘You needn’t water the flowers’

5. Bob: ‘I must send this e-mail’

6. Steve: ‘I have to meet my sister tomorrow’

Exercise 5

Write sentences in reported speech

1. Peter: ‘I like coffee’

2. Sam: ‘I washed my clothes yesterday’

3. Susan to me: ‘I am making a pie now’

4. Kelly: ‘Where is the factory?’

5. Bob: ‘I bought some milk last Monday’

6. Steve: ‘Open the door!’

7. Kathy to David: ‘Have you ever been to Leeds?’

8. Jasmine: ‘I was reading this book the whole evening yesterday’

9. John: ‘I’ll get the letters tomorrow’

10. Jane to Michelle: ‘I can help you with Math’

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Левченко Ірина Михайлівна
36 годин
590 грн

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