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Halloween: Customs and Traditions
Halloween is an ancient festival, which has its roots in the Celtic festival of Samhain (Sah-ween), this was when the Celts (the ancient inhabitants of Great Britain) celebrated their New Year and the day they believed that the souls of those who had died that year progressed to the underworld. It was said to be a night when ghosts, demons and witches roamed
the earth and people tried to placate them with offerings of nuts and berries.
Nowadays these offerings are more likely to be the Mars Bars and Snickers given out to children trick or treating, but it remains a day when we can acknowledge our fears and celebrate forces we do not understand. Today in the UK it is celebrated on All Hallows Eve, the night of October 31, the last night of October which was originally the eve of Samhain.
Many of today’s Halloween traditions are associated with America, however they originated in Celtic history. For example the custom of ‘trick or treat’ originated in England as ‘Mischief Night’ when children declared one ‘lawless night’ of unpunished pranks (usually May Day eve or Halloween). In the late 19th century, the Irish belief that ‘the little people’ or fairies played pranks on Halloween, led boys and young men to carry out practical jokes on that night, Nowadays children dress up in costumes and go from door to door where they knock on the door, or ring the doorbell, and yell ‘Trick or treat!’. The idea being that the owners of the house give the children a treat (sweets or money) or the children will play a trick on them – I believe that in legal terminology this is called extortion!
The term ‘Jack-o’-lantern’ came from an Irish folk tale of the 18th century.
Jack was an Irishman. He had tricked the Devil into climbing an apple tree. He then cut a cross symbol in the tree trunk, thus trapping the Devil in the branches. When Jack died, he was unable to again access to Heaven because of his meanness. The Devil, having a long memory, would not allow him into Hell.
So he was forced to walk the earth endlessly. The devil took pity on him and gave him a piece of coal to light his path. Jack put it inside a hollowed-out turnip that he had been eating.
What Do You Know About Halloween?
True of False?
People celebrate Halloween at night between the 31st of October and the 1st of November. ___
Halloween was American holiday in the origin. ___
Children wear as witches and mummies at Halloween. ___
Today only English-spoken countries celebrate Halloween. ___
Celts celebrate New Year on the 31st of October. ___
Children play ‘trick or treat’ at Halloween. ___
In the 19th century English children couldn’t play jokes at Halloween. ___
Irish people believed that fairies and elfs played jokes at Halloween. ___
Зверніть увагу, свідоцтва знаходяться в Вашому особистому кабінеті в розділі «Досягнення»
Всеосвіта є суб’єктом підвищення кваліфікації.
Співпраця із закладами освіти.
Дізнатись більше про сертифікати.