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An inventor is a person who creates or discovers a new method, form, device or other useful means. The word inventor comes form the latin verb invenire, invent-, to find.
Archimedes of Syracuse (Greek: Ἀρχιμήδης) (c. 287 BC – c. 212 BC) was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Among his advances in physics are the foundations of hydrostatics, statics and the explanation of the principle of the lever. Archimedes is generally considered to be the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time. He used the method of exhaustion to calculate the area under the arc of a parabola with the summation of an infinite series.
Alexander Graham Bell (3 March 1847 – 2 August 1922) was an eminent scientist, inventor and innovator who is widely credited with the invention of the telephone. His father, grandfather and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech, and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell's life's work. His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices that eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first U.S. patent for the invention of the telephone in 1876. Many other inventions marked Bell's later life including groundbreaking work in hydrofoils and aeronautics. In 1888, Alexander Graham Bell became one of the founding members of the National Geographic Society.
Diesel was born in Paris, France in 1858. Diesel spent his early childhood in France. Later, in 1875, he received a merit scholarship from the Royal Bavarian Polytechnic in Munich. In Munich, one of his professors was Carl von Linde. Diesel was unable to graduate with his class in July 1879 because of a bout of typhoid.. In 1893, Gottlieb Daimler and Karl Benz had invented the automobile in 1887. In 1893, he published a book in German with the title "Theory and design of a rational thermal engine to replace the steam engine and the combustion engines known today" .
Karl Friedrich Benz, sometimes spelt as Carl, (November 25, 1844, Karlsruhe, Germany – April 4, 1929, Ladenburg, Germany) was a German engine designer and automobile engineer, generally regarded as the inventor of the gasoline-powered automobile and pioneering founder of the automobile manufacturer, Mercedes-Benz. In 1879 Benz was granted a patent for his first engine, which he designed in 1878. In 1885, Karl Benz created the Motorwagen, the first commercial automobile. It was powered by a four-stroke gasoline engine, which was his own design. He was dated January 29, 1886. The automobile had three wheels, being steered by the front wheel and with the passengers and the engine being supported by the two wheels in the rear—some now refer to it as the Tri-Car. He sold his first automobile in 1888, four years before any other manufacturer. In 1896, Karl Benz designed and patented the first internal combustion flat engine with horizontally-opposed pistons, called a boxer engine or boxermotor in German, a design that is still used by Porsche, Subaru and some high performance engines used in racing cars. Karl Benz founded the Benz Company.
Albert Einstein (14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist. He is best known for his theory of relativity and specifically mass–energy equivalence, expressed by the equation E = mc2. Einstein received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to Theoretical Physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect." Einstein's many contributions to physics include his special theory of relativity, which reconciled mechanics with electromagnetism, and his general theory of relativity, Einstein published over 300 scientific works and over 150 non-scientific works. Einstein is revered by the physics community, and in 1999 Time magazine named him the "Person of the Century". In wider culture the name "Einstein" has become synonymous with genius.
Sir Alexander Fleming (6 August 1881 – 11 March 1955) was a Scottish biologist and pharmacologist. Fleming published many articles on bacteriology, immunology, and chemotherapy. His best-known achievements are the discovery of the enzyme lysozyme in 1922 and the discovery of the antibiotic substance penicillin from the fungus Penicillium notatum in 1928, for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 with Florey and Chain.
Johannes (Hans) Wilhelm Geiger (September 30, 1882 – September 24, 1945) was a German physicist. He is perhaps best known as the co-inventor of the Geiger counter . Geiger was born at Neustadt-an-der-Haardt, Germany. He was one of five children born to the Indologist Wilhelm Ludwig Geiger, who was professor at the University of Erlangen. In 1902 Geiger started studying physics and mathematics in University of Erlangen and was awarded a doctorate in 1906. In 1907 he began work with Ernest Rutherford at the University of Manchester . Together they created the Geiger counter. In 1912 he became leader of the Physical-Technical Reichsanstalt in Berlin, 1925 professor in Kiel, 1929 in Tübingen, and from 1936 in Berlin. He was a member of the Nazi Party. Geiger died in Potsdam a few months after World War II ended.
Felix Hoffmann (January 21, 1868 – February 8, 1946) was a German chemist, who first synthesized medically useful forms of heroin and aspirin. He was born in Ludwigsburg and studied Chemistry in Munich. Bayer invented substance as Aspirin.
Ivan Lyudvigovich Knunyants; 4 June [O.S. 22 May] 1906 (Shusha, currently Nagorno-Karabakh) - December 21, 1990 (Moscow), was a Soviet chemist of Armenian origin, academic of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, a Major General and engineer, who significantly contributed to the advancement of Soviet Chemistry. He made more than 200 inventions, many of which used in the Soviet industry. Hero of Socialist Labor (1966). Lenin Prize (1972). USSR State Prize (1943, 1948 and 1950). Graduated from Moscow Bauman Highest Technical School (MVTU) 1928, student of Aleksei Chichibabin. Leader of laboratory for elementooranic chemistry. He is the inventor of poly-caprolactam (capron, nylon-6, polyamide-6), founder of Soviet school of fluorocarbon's chemistry, one of major developers of Soviet chemical weapons program, also an author of a few drugs for chemotherapy of cancer. Used in the industrial synthesis of vitamin B.
Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American painter of portraits and historic scenes, the creator of a single wire telegraph system, and Morse Code.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel (help·info) (Stockholm, 21 October 1833 - Sanremo, Italy, 10 December 1896) was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator and the inventor of dynamite. In his last will, he used his enormous fortune to institute the Nobel Prizes. The synthetic element nobelium was named after him.
John Stith Pemberton (January 8, 1831–August 16, 1888) was an American druggist and the inventor of Cola. When he was a druggist and chemist in Atlanta, Georgia, Pemberton began work on a coca and kola (cola) nut beverage.
Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen (27 March 1845 – 10 February 1923) was a German physicist, who, on 8 November 1895, produced and detected electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as x-rays or Röntgen rays, an achievement that earned him the first Nobel Prize in Physics in 1901.
Antoine-Joseph 'Adolphe' Sax (November 6, 1814 – February 4, 1894 was a Belgian musical instrument designer and musician (clarinetist), best known for inventing the saxophone. Adolphe Sax was born in Dinant in Wallonia, Belgium. Having left the school, Sax began to experiment with new instrument designs, while his father continued to produce conventional instruments to bring money into the household. Adolphe's first important invention was an improvement of the bass clarinet design which he patented at the age of twenty. In 1841, Sax relocated permanently to Paris and began work on a new set of instruments which were exhibited there in 1844. . The period around 1840 saw Sax inventing the clarinette-bourdon, an early (and unsuccessful) design of contrabass clarinet. Most significantly, at this time he developed the instrument for which he is now best known, the saxophone, patented in 1846. The saxophone was invented for use in both orchestras and concert bands. Although they never became standard orchestral instruments, the saxophones made his reputation, and secured him a job teaching at the Paris Conservatoire from 1867. Sax continued to make instruments later in life, as well as presiding over a new saxophone class at the Paris Conservatoire He died in 1894 in Paris .
Igor Sikorsky (25 May 1889 – 26 October 1972) was born Igor Ivanovich Sikorsky. Sikorsky was a Russian-American pioneer of aviation who designed and flew the world's first multi-engine fixed-wing aircraft, developed the first of Pan American Airways' ocean-conquering flying boats in the 1930s, and developed the first successful helicopter.
What means the word “inventor”? What inventors do you know? What interesting facts about inventors do you know?
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