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Тема: Охорона довкілля в Україні.
Мета: Практична: формувати навички читання, усного та писемного мовлення.
Освітня: ознайомити учнів з програмами захисту навколишнього середовища.
Розвиваюча: розвивати мовленнєву реакцію й пізнавальні інтереси учнів.
Виховна: виховувати зацікавленість у розширенні своїх знань.
Тип уроку: урок комбінований.
Обладнання: підручник, робочий зошит, картки, ноутбук.
Підручник: Англійська мова (9-й рік навчання) (English (the 9th year of studies)) :підручник для 9-го класу загальноосвітніх навчальних закладів. — Тернопіль : „Видавництво Астон”, 2017. — 288 с. : іл.
Today we’ll talk about the environmental protection. What is the first thing that comes to your mind when you hear... ...the word "environment"? ...the word "garbage"? ...the word "pollution"? ...the words "recyclable"?
Read “Do you know?” box, p. 166. Think and answer the questions.
Look at the map of Ukraine and say which animal species exist on the territory of Ukraine. Which of them live in your area?
Do you know about the Red Book? What is the type of document?
Can you name the most endangered regions in Ukraine? Why do you think they are in danger? Prove your mind.
Can you name some (one-two or more) ways to protect our environment?
Read the box, p. 167 and answer the questions. What other endangered animals in Ukraine do you know? What are the reasons of endangering?
Listen to the text and answer the questions.
ASKANIA-NOVA BIOSPHERE RESERVE — CENTER FOR THE ENDANGERED PRZEWALSKI HORSE
Ukraine has a great diversity of natural landscapes and wildlife. For this reason areas of Ukraine have been declared protected areas, nature reserves and National parks. National Parks in Ukraine are vital for preserving large natural areas and provide the country with great opportunities to develop ecotourism.
If you have already discovered the natural beauty of Ukraine but want to see even more, the Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve is the ideal reserve to visit. This well conserved parcel of land stands out starkly against the surrounding farmlands and provides a perfect example of the benefits and importance of conservation. The reserve is situated roughly 60 kilometers south-east of Khakhova which is not far from the Black Sea. It provides an excellent example of southern-steppe biological diversity.
Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve — Established way back in the 19th century this is the oldest protected area in Ukraine. It was declared UNESCO biosphere reserve in 1984. The park guards Europe's only Fes-tuca-Stipa grassland community. Large numbers of animal species can be seen throughout the reserve.
The reason that tourism is so popular here is largely due to the use of the reserve to preserve and breed a number of more unusual or endangered wildlife. During the 19th century when it was established, it featured a zoological park complete with a breeding center for the endangered Przewalski horse. The Przewalski horse is considered to be one of the only true wild horses to have ever existed since they have never been successfully domesticated while other 'wild' horses, such as mustangs, mostly derive from domesticated horses. The center also bred ostriches and aboriginal ungulates as well as a variety of birds. Today the reserve continues to be instrumental in the monitoring and research of a variety of species and has proved to be an oasis of nature in a very busy and regulated world. So take time out to visit Askaniya-Nova Biosphere Reserve the next time you visit Ukraine.
What is the difference between a zoo and a national park?
What are the reasons for keeping animals in zoo or national parks?
Where do animals have better living conditions and why?
Choose animals which are endangered species in Ukraine and write your action plan to protect them.
Do ex. 1, p. 167.
Read the information and agree or disagree with the statements.
One ton of recycled paper can save 17 trees.
Every person produces about 650 tons of garbage during his/her lifetime.
We are running out of space in which we can get rid of garbage. One solution to this problem is recycling.
Forests cover 30% of the Earth’s land. They produce oxygen. Protecting all the forests is the key to our survival.
Glass produced from recycled glass reduces related air pollution by 20% and water pollution by 50%.
Read the article and decide if the statements below are true, false or not mentioned.
Environmental protection in Ukraine
Many years ago man lived in harmony with nature. Today the situation in Ukraine is quite different. The intensive development of industry results in air pollution, land pollution, water pollution.
Many parts of our country are overcrowded. People of many cities suffer from factories, plants and electric stations. Much of dangerous waste goes into the air and is carried by winds for great distances. We pollute air with smoke and gases, water – with industrial waste, soil – with chemicals. Now we don’t know the virgin nature. A lot of people suffer from many dangerous diseases.
Fish dies in the lakes, rivers and seas. Forests are disappearing and this upsets the oxygen balance. The pollution of air, rivers, seas and lakes could lead our planet to a global catastrophe.
The accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power station in April 1986 influenced greatly the environment in Ukraine and other countries. Soil, water and plants were polluted with radio nuclides. The explosion at the nuclear power station was a real tragedy for the Ukrainian nation.
Environmental protection is a great concern of the Ukrainian Government. Many decisions and laws on the protection of environment were adopted in Ukraine. The Ministry of Environment was founded in Ukraine. Its task is to control the state of environment and the sources of pollution, to protect the water resources of seas, rivers and lakes.
Public organizations and individuals support environmental protection campaigns. Earth is our only home, so we must care of it, for ourselves and for the next generations.
True, false or not mentioned.
Many years ago and nowadays the environmental situation in Ukraine is similar.
Quite few people live in our country for such a territory.
The intensive development of industry, forests disappearing, bad oxygen balance, and overpopulation could lead our planet to a global catastrophe.
The Chernobyl nuclear power station accident in April 1986 influenced greatly the environment in Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Russia and some other countries.
The Ministry of Environment controls and protects public organizations, environmental protection campaigns and individuals.
Key: 1 F, 2 F, 3 T, 4 Not, 5 F.
Complete the paragraph below about your own country.
(1)… is a (2)… in the (3)…. The countryside is (4)… in the north and (5)… in the south. The country’s economy is based on (6)… The best-known river in (7)… is the (8)… The most famous chain of mountains is (9)… and the highest mountain in that chain is (10)… . (11)… is a major environmental problem in (12)… today.
Key: 1 Ukraine; 2 country; 3 central Europe; 4 flat; 5 mountains; 6 agricultural; 7 Ukraine; 8 Dnipre; 9 Carpathian; 10 Hoverla; 11 water pollution; 12 Ukraine.
Discuss in groups about how you treat the environment.
Is it ours? Do we have the right to destroy it? What have we been doing to it? Have we been making it better or worse? What are the results of that?
Answer the questions. How much do you know Environmental Problems that face the world today?
What are CFCs and how do they affect the environment?
What alternative forms of energy do you know?
What is the Ozone Layer? What does it do? What is happening to it?
How are forests good for the environment? What is happening to them?
What is an electric car? How does it help the environment?
What is acid rain?
What is recycling? How does it help the environment?
What is the Greenhouse Effect?
Write a letter to your friend. Share your opinions about the protection of nature. Write about your school recycling drives and other things that you and your classmates do to make the world a better place. Ask about the activities he/she takes part in at school.
Зверніть увагу, свідоцтва знаходяться в Вашому особистому кабінеті в розділі «Досягнення»
Всеосвіта є суб’єктом підвищення кваліфікації.
Співпраця із закладами освіти.
Дізнатись більше про сертифікати.