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Урок (лексико-граматичні та лінгвокраїнознавчі особливості англ.м.) "Education in Britain"

Англійська мова

Для кого: 8 Клас, 9 Клас, 10 Клас, 11 Клас, 12 Клас, Дорослі

17.08.2020

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SECTION II

Video 1.

EDUCATION SYSTEM OF THE UNITED KINGDOM

(Look up for the tables 1 and 2 in Appendix section)

I. Preliminary activity. Brainstorming and warming up.

1. Share any information you can recollect on the spot about the education in the United Kingdom.

2. Provide some typical words, expressions, proper names, etc. concerning the education in the United Kingdom. Let your group mates guess what they stand for and mean.

3. Quote as many as possible interesting or astonishing facts regarding the education in the United Kingdom.

4. Do you know any proverb regarding the topic?

5. What do you expect to learn from this video?

II. Grasping the idea & catching the image. Watching, listening, AND COMPREHENDING.

1. Watch the video twice. At first, just to get the general idea. While watching it for the second time, write down unknown or unclear words and expressions.

BRITISH EDUCATION SYSTEM

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I-d3L3F_ELo

8 min. video

III. Towards complete understanding. Discovering something new and discussing together.

1. Was everything clear? What did not you understand in the video?

2. Did you write out any new words or expressions? What are they?

3. Ask your group mates; they will try to explain without translating these elements.

4. Look for synonyms to each element discussed.

5. Make up one sentence of your own, introducing a new lexical unit into it.

IV. A follow-up workshop. Discomposing the video and broadening minds.

1. Which of these words were mentioned in the video?

Elementary school, life choice, kindergarten, teacher, classroom, tutor, timetable, curriculum, obligatory, national standard, schedule, professor, exam, tuition, credit, text-book, private classes, students, grammar schools, grade, fee, compulsory.

2. True or False? In the table below, put “+”, if the statement corresponds to what you heard and “–”, if it fully or even partially contradicts. The first one is the example:

+

Education is compulsory from the ages of five to sixteen.

The bachelor’s degree is the undergraduate degree.

Apprenticeships teach more practical skills.

Secondary school is from eleven to eighteen.

Between the ages of sixteen and eighteen the British have something called “sixth form”.

Elite universities are called red-brick universities.

The national curriculum is a framework for working.

If you are not interested in doing academic subjects then you can do vocational subjects.

Grammar school is generally for learning academic grammar.

For GCSEs one takes about nine subjects.

In Britain there are two main types of schools.

At sixteen you then get to start a job.

When you finish secondary school one’ll take an exam called the eleven plus.

Private schools are the most expensive, the most elite, if you will.

At the end of school studying one takes his/her finals.

There are fee paying schools, so students are expected to pay fees per month.

Faith schools teach to believe.

Public schools should be free.

The college is the sixth form.

Primary school is the first school one’ll go to.

In Britain there are state schools, private schools and independent schools.

Uni” stands for “universe”.

The first week of university is known as “freshers’ week”.

In addition to private schools or independent schools, in Britain there are also public schools.

The sixth form college is for six- to eight-year-olds.

When you get to the eleventh form, that’s when you go to secondary school.

Comprehensive school is open to disabled.

Religion is taught only in public schools.

Comprehensive schools exist only in London.

Now, when you get to sixteen that’s when you do your first big exams.

For GCSEs one must obligatory take English, math and history, and then one gets to choose.

3. You are going to watch the video again. In your copy-books, write out 15 main issues (“steps”, as the speaker calls them) about the British education system. You have the first prompt-example below:

1) education is compulsory from the ages of five to sixteen

4. Without re-watching the video, try to recollect what you have recently heard, and fill in the gaps, as in the example:

1) I teach fresh modern British English so that you can take your English to the next level and achieve your life goals.

2) Today we’re looking at the British _________ system and I’m going to break _________ how it works _________ fifteen steps.

3) Now our grading _________ goes from a “first” which is the _________, then you get a “two-one”, a “two-_________” and then a “third”.

4) We have something called a “BTEC” or an “NVQ” or “_________”, and you can do subjects like plumbing or carpentry, things like that.

5) In addition to private schools or _________ schools, we also have public schools.

6) In _________ the national curriculum was introduced.

7) Now when you get to sixteen that’s when you do your first big _________ . We call these GCSEs.

8) These are fee _________ schools, so students are expected to pay fees per term, and they don’t have to follow the national curriculum so strictly, whereas in a _________school they have to follow the national curriculum.

9) You can do a master’s which is usually one or two years, and then, of course, a_________ if you want to continue with your studies.

10) The national curriculum is a _________ for learning.

5. List as many words related to the topic “Education in Britain” as you can remember. All these words should be taken from the video, e.g.: education system, … . Compare your own list with those of your group mates.

Who has the longest one?

Which element in your list may be considered the central one, i.e. the closest to the notion of “education”? Prove your answers.

6. Choose one of the three words which suits best. The first one is already chosen, follow this example:

1) Welcome to my brand new series “Britain Explained” where I’ll guide you through different aspects of British culture.

- lead

- guide

- drive

2) Today we’re looking at the British education ______ …

- system

- program

- story

and I’m going to show you how this country ______ .

- lives

- leans

- learns

3) At sixteen you get to _________ .

- choose

- chase

- study

4) Generally, certainly in London where I live, we have _________ schools which are just for everybody.

- compulsory

- common

- comprehensive

5) This can get a bit confusing because I know in America __________ are what we call universities.

- institutes

- colleges

- lyceums

7. Explain, what these words and expressions mean.

- education is compulsory

- standardize learning across the country

- governmental funded school

- vocational

- schools for royalties

- fresher

- uni

- GCSE

- comprehensive school

- post-graduate degree

8. Match the right and the left column.

freshers’ week

a standardized framework for learning

state school

old traditional elite universities

red-brick universities

is the first school you’ll go to.

national curriculum

expensive elite schools

College

a place to go and study one’s A-levels

comprehensive school

first week of university for the recently enrolled students

public schools

is the school where religion is taught

primary school

post-graduate degree

faith school

free school

Master

secondary school open for everybody

9. Complete the passage with the words from the box. You need to use one word twice.

data science, subject, degree, university, students

Many _________ who pass their A-levels then go on to university. Now at a __________ in Britain we do one subject: we take one core subject. So, again, it could be English, it could be__________, it could be history. We do one main__________. And a bachelor’s degree or an undergraduate __________ takes three years. However, in Scotland they do a four year _________ .

10. Find the logic chain. Circle the odd word.

Tutor

pupil

student

trainee

Lecture

class

seminar

credit

red-bridge

sophisticated

elite

high-class

Learn

study

train

speak

Faith

prayer

belief

religion

Kindergarten

school

college

university

Training

tutoring

tolerating

teaching

Obligatory

compulsory

free

mandatory

Course

subject

theme

object

Auditorium

form

class

grade

11. Quote from the video, if there is any:

- abbreviation

- acronym

- jargon or slang word

- word or expression standing for a nationally-specific notion

Explain the meaning of the term and each example quoted.

12. Quote from the video, if there is any mentioning of:

- date (full or just year)

- geographic name

- proper name (of a person)

- name of the famous university

Explain whom or what it is related to. Why is it important for the process of education?

13. 1) Do you remember all the words describing education, accessible for everyone? Recollect what you heard in the video. Take 2 minutes of time to write a list of such words and expressions.

Then tell how many entries you quoted. Who has the longest list?

Finally, make the general list, adding the contribution of each student. Rearrange the words and expressions in alphabetic order.

Are there correspondences in the Ukrainian education system? If no, can they be called “lacunas”? Why?

2) Do you remember all the words describing education, accessible for the rich? Recollect, what you heard in the video. Take 1 minute of time to write a list of such words and expressions.

Then tell, how many entries you quoted. Who has the longest list?

Finally, make the general list, adding the contribution of each student. Rearrange the words and expressions in alphabetic order.

Are there correspondences in the Ukrainian education system? If no, can they be called “lacunas”? Why?

14. Draw the scheme or a chain of a longer or shorter educational process. For example, in Ukraine, one of such chains may be as the following:

ясла – дитячий садок – молодша школа – середня школа – професійно-технічне училище – курси перекваліфікації.

15. Name the lexical units from the video, used to denote the same thing in the UK and in the USA educational systems. Can you guess why they differ? Find the answers in the explanatory dictionary and share them in class.

V. Creative summing up. Concluding and having fun.

1. Enumerate the main stages within the educational system in Britain.

2. What is mandatory and what is optional in the process of studying in the UK?

3. What is similar to the system of education in Ukraine and what is quite different?

4. Is there anything you would like to be borrowed from the UK educational system and introduced in our national curriculum?

5. Is there anything in the Ukrainian education system that Britain might lack or envy?

6. Did you have a chance to study in any country of the United Kingdom? If yes, share your experience.

7. If no, say, whether you would like to study there. Where, in particular? Why?

8. What fact(s) did you dislike in the information provided? Why?

9. Did you get the answers you had expected to get before watching the video? What information was the most valuable for you?

10. What remains still undiscovered? If any, prepare a short report about such issues for the next class.

11. Write a short essay entitled “Education in Britain”. Get ready to speak on the topic in class, presenting the ideas expressed in the essay. Complete your story with interesting facts, proverbs, superstitions and so no.

12. Answer the questions formulated in the video.

13. Do the acronym crossword puzzle and the crossword with the key-word “education”, which are suggested below.

CROSSWORD #1.

1. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

2. _ _ _ _ _ _

3. _ _ _ _ _ _ _

4. _ _ _ _ _ _

5. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

6. _ _ _ _ _ _

7. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

8. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

9. _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Horizontal:

1. Virtual place where students and teachers can upload and download books and other materials for studying.

2. A high scientific degree for post graduates.

3. An educational institution of the highest level.

4. A subject or other name for academic year.

5. Belonging to the process of studying.

6. The person who delivers classes at school.

7. An educational institution of high(er) level.

8. Non obligatory (e.g.: subject).

9. A general academic program, adopted on the governmental level for a particular country.

CROSSWORD #2.

E

D

U

C

A

T

I

O

N

Down:

  1. A person who studied at the university.

  2. A person who instructs or trains pupils at school.

  3. What is extremely valuable, but what students (and other people) always lack or are in short of.

  4. The institution where all people are obliged to study.

14. Make up your own crossword, using the information from the video. Mind that the key-word should be “education”, too.

15. Learn more interesting facts about education in Britain and in the world. Insert them into your essays.

CURIOSITY

FIVE FACTS ABOUT TEACHING

FROM AROUND THE WORLD

In 2011 UK employers spent £49 billion on training.

It will be more than 70 years before all children in the world have access to primary school education.

In Finland the difference between the weakest and the strongest students is the smallest in the world.

Teachers in China have the highest level of public respect.

61% of adults in the USA think teachers are underpaid given their level and importance to society.

BRITISH PROVERBS AND SAYINGS

(read, explain and find the equivalents in your native tongue)

1. Soon learnt, soon forgotten.

2. My English is not the yellow from the egg, but it goes.

3. If you are not willing to learn, no one can help you. If you are determined to learn, no one can stop you.

QUOTATIONS

(read and discuss in class)

1. An investment in knowledge pays the best interest (B. Franklin).

2. The capacity to learn is a gift. The ability to learn is a skill. The willingness to learn is a choice. (B. Herbert).

3. What we learn with pleasure, we never forget (A. Mercier).

END NOTES

(read and learn some linguo-cultural notions,

compare them with them ones of your country)

A-LEVEL (exam) stands for “Advanced level” exam; it is a subject-based qualification conferred as part of the General certificate of Education, as well as school leaving qualification offered by the educational bodies in the UK and the educational authorities of British Crown dependencies to students completing secondary or pre-university education.

AS-LEVEL stands for “Advanced Subsidiary level”; it is an independent qualification encompassing the first year of an “A-level” qualification’s content. It has been applying since 2000.

APPRENTICESHIP 1) the position of an apprentice; an arrangement in which someone learns art, trade, job etc. under another;

2) the period of time when a person is an apprentice.

Bachelor’s degree is an undergraduate academic degree awarded by colleges and universities upon competition of a course of study lasting 3-7 years, depending on the institution and/or academic discipline).

BREAK DOWN (in this context) means “discompose”;

(other meanings) destroy; suddenly cease to function or continue, collapse; lose control of one’s emotions when in a state of distress; fail or collapse if referring to health issues; undergo chemical decomposition.

BTEC 1) Business and Technology Council (BTC as a body);

2) a certificate or a diploma in a vocational subject awarded by the body of BTC (see 1.).

COLLEGE (in the UK), is the sixth form educational institution attended after secondary school and the completion of the GCSE, for students aged 16-18. It is for level 3 qualifications (“A levels”, BTECs, IB).

CORE SUBJECT is the main subject, chosen by a student to master at the university; a student’s future specialization.

ETON is one of the most prestigious colleges, founded in 1440 by King Henry VI. It is one of the leading independent schools in the UK. It is proud for its boarding school for talented boys aged 13-18. Some students manage to get 100% of financial support. The college admits students regardless their background, though it is known as the educational institution for the royalties.

FAITH SCHOOL a school connected to a religion; most of them are connected to the Church of England, but not only to this church. These schools follow the national curriculum, although not very strictly, and, in addition, they teach religion.

FINALS a number of exams taken at the end of a university course. They enable to see the grade one gets at the end of studying.

FRESHER is student of the first year of a university.

FRESHERS’ WEEK 1) is the (“nick”) name of the first week of the first-year-of-study student at the university;

2) the name of the students’ party organized at the end of their first week at the university.

GCSE stands for “General Certificate of Secondary Education”, i.e. the documented results of a number of exams one takes at the end of Secondary school, approximately at the age of 16 y.o.

HARROW CHELTENHAM

LADIES COLLEGE a prestigious school for ladies, founded in 1853. It is both, a boarding and day school with a large range of subjects taught, religion included. It offers a big number of extra curriculum activities, teaches to defend oneself and cope with stress.

HIGHERS the Scottish name/correspondent to “A-level”.

IB stands for “International Baccalaureate” system

MASTER’S DEGREE is a post-graduate degree one seeks during one or two years at the university, after the Bachelor’s degree.

NATIONAL CURRICULUM is a framework for standardized learning across the country (in the UK).

NVQ stands for “National Vocational Qualification”, a work-based way of learning, which is carried out at school, college or workplace; it is a range of on-the-job tasks and activities to test someone on one’s ability to di a job effectively. There are 5 levels of NVQ.

PhD stands for “doctor of philosophy”, a higher post-graduate degree one may seek after the master’s degree continuing one’s scientific research.

Q&As stands for “questions and answers”.

RED-BRICK UNIVERSITY is the elite and prestigious old traditional university. Their correspondent in the USA educational system is called “IVY-LEAGUE SCHOOL”.

SIXTH FORM in the UK, it is the final 1-3 years of secondary education (high school), where students (typically 16-18 y.o.) prepare for their A-level (or equivalent) exams.

Lower sixth is a particular name of the first year of the sixth form and/or of a student in this year of study.

Upper sixth is a particular name of the last year of the sixth form and/or of a student in this year of study.

STICK WITH sth./sb. means “to continue doing sth. or using sb. to do work for you, and not stop or change to sth. or sb. else”.

UNI is a youth-slang word, a shortened form of the word “university’.

UNIVERSITY is the highest educational institution in Britain. The most famous ones are: Bristol, Cambridge, Edinburgh, Oxford.

UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE is the same as Bachelor’s degree.

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