Travelling to the USA
Get Ready for Your Trip
I. Work in pairs. Read and find the objects in the picture.
1. An airport - аеропорт.
2. A departure lounge- залвідправлення.
3. A passport control- паспортнийконтроль.
4. A check-in desk- відділреєстраціїбагажу.
5. The information desk- довідковебюро.
6. The Customs- митниця.
7. The Customs Officer- митник.
8. A passenger- пасажир.
II. Read the text and find the "airport" words in it.
The Parkers Are at the Airport
The Parkers are going to make a trip to the USA. They have decided to travel by plane. They bought their tickets two months ago. They have already packed their luggage.
Now the Parkers are at the international airport. They have checked the information on the departure monitor. Now they are going to the customs area to check-in their luggage. Mrs Parker has got a carry-on bag and a handbag in her hands. Molly is carrying her favourite toy. She has never been at the airport before and she asks a lot of questions. Mr Parker tells his children about all the things they see at the airport. Mrs Parker worries as usual. They have to be in a hurry. They must get their boarding pass in time.
III. Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions.
1. Where are the Parkers going to travel?
2. Has Mr Parker arranged the trip well?
3. How do they travel to the USA?
4. Where are the Parkers now?
5. Why does Molly ask her parents many questions?
6. Why does Mrs Parker worry?
IV. Read, complete and write down the sentences. Use the word:
suitcases, air hostess, queue, plane, taxi, go up, exciting, check-in, seats,
fantastic, passengers, cart, airport, busy, small, below.
We went to the ________ by _______. When we arrived there, we put our __________ on a _________ and went into the airport. The airport was very ________. There was a long _________of _________ at the __________ desk. When we got on the ,an said "hello" to us and pointed to our ___________. When the plane started to ___________ onto the ground, it was ___________. Molly looked out of the window. Everything _______was very, very _________ the fields, the roads, the buildings and the people.It was very ___________!
V. Read one of the texts from a guidebook and answer the questions.
1. What is special about this means of transport in London?
2. How do you know where this means of transport goes?
3. Where can you buy a ticket?
4. What surprised you most about this means of transport?
Group A. London Buses
If you are on holiday in London: travel by bus. London buses are called double-deckers. They have a bus driver and sometimes a conductor. Look at the sign on the front, on the side or on the back of the bus to know where the bus is going. Read the noticeboard at the bus stop to know the stops on the bus route.
When you get on the bus, show your bus pass to the driver or buy a ticket from him. Keep it till the end of your trip!
Group В. London Underground (Tube)
You can get to most places in London very quickly by underground (Tube). There are many lines on the London Underground. So it’s better to get an underground map when you get into an underground station. All the lines are of different colours on the map. Buy a ticket from the ticket office at the underground station, or from a ticket machine. Keep the ticket till the end of your journey!
Discover the USA
There are 50 states in the United States of America. One city in each state is the state capital. The capital city is the place, where the state's leaders meet and work.
Each state is special. But all the states share many things. They are all parts of the same country. They work together in many ways. The country has several names, longer and shorter ones. These names are the United States, the US, the USA and America.
The country has a capital city, too. It is the city of Washington, D.C. The country's leaders meet and work there. Washington, D.C. is the only community in the whole country that is not located in a state. It is between the states of Maryland and Virginia, but it is not part of either state. The capital of the United States belongs to the whole country. It belongs to the people of every state.
Work in pairs. Take answer the questions.
1. How many capital cities are there in the USA? Why?
2. What city is called the capital city?
3. How do people call the country for short?
4. What is the capital of the USA?
5. Where is the capital city situated?
6. How do you understand the sentence "The capital of the United States belongs to the whole country"?
Read, complete and write down the sentences. Use the words: Washington, D.C., belongs, community, work, fifty, states country leaders, capital.
1. There are ________ states in the USA.
2. All the states ____________ together in many ways.
3. The national capital of the USA is __________________ .
4. Washington, D.C. ______________ to the whole country.
5. The capital city is the place where ___________________ meet and work
6. Washington, D.C. is the only ______________________ in the whole country that is not located in a state.
7. Washington, D.C. is between the _____________ of Maryland and Virginia
8. Every state in the USA has its own _____________ city.
Speak in class. Look at the pictures and say what America is famous for.
Example: America is famous for its natural treasures.
A Visit to Washington, D.C.
1.Listen and repeat.
Washington, D.C. - м. Вашингтон, столицяСША
The Potomac River - p. Потомак
The Capitol - Капітолій (головнабудівляум. Вашингтоні)
The Statue of Freedom - СтатуяСвободи
The Washington Monument - пам'ятникДжорджуВашингтону
The White House - БілийДім
The Lincoln Memorial - меморіалАвраамаЛінкольна
2.Read the text and say what these numbers refer to: 161, 200, one million, 540.
A Visit to Washington, D.C.
Mr and Mrs Parker, Steve and Molly went to Washington, D.C. , and took a bus tour of the city.
Washington, D.C. is a capital city of the USA. It is situated along the Potomac River. It is not a very large city, a little under a million people live here. Many of them work for the United States government. The capital city is a little more than 200 years old. The city got its name from George Washington, the first President of the United States.
The main building is the Capitol. It took 161 years to build it! It is well-known for its rotunda, or a round room. This round room has a large dome. The Statue of Freedom stands on top of the dome. The Capitol has five hundred forty rooms. Many of the rooms contain lovely paintings and sculptures.
There is also the White House, the Lincoln Memorial and other places of interest in the capital. You can see a panoramic view of the whole city from the top of the Washington Monument.
3.Answer the questions.
1. What is the capital city of the USA?
2. Where is it situated?
3. What have you learnt about the Capitol?
4. What are the other sites of the city?
5. Where can you see a panoramic view of the whole city from?
The White House The Lincoln Memorial
The Capitol The Washington Monument
The White House Tour
Unit 8. Travelling to the USA
1.Work in pairs. Read and match.
2.Read the story. Say why you would like to tour the White House.
The White House Tour
On the second day of their holidays in Washington, D.C, Steve and his family toured the White House, the home of the President of the United States.
The White House is made of sandstone. It is painted white to make it look like marble. Most pictures show the building from the north side, where it seems to be a two-storey structure. The White House, however, really has four storeys.
The most famous room is the East Room. Important people from all over the world have been in this room. But the visitors have never used it for entertaining.
The President and the President's family spend most of their time in private rooms on the third floor.
There are offices, a sitting room, a library and a living space on the third floor, too.
The building has changed much over the years. A dentist's office, a doctor's office, a swimming pool, a gym and even a movie theatre have been added lately.
Lesson 4.The White House Tour
3.Agree or disagree. Correct the wrong statements.
1. The Parkers visited the White House on their first day of the visit.
2. The White House is made of marble.
3. The White House has two storeys.
4. Important people from all over the world have been in the East Room.
5. Visitors used the East Room for entertaining.
6. The President's family spends most of their time in private rooms on the third floor.
7. There is a sitting room, a library and a living space there, but there are no offices there.
8. The building hasn't changed its structure much over the years.
The Day of Independence
Americans celebrate the Day of Independence on July 4th. People celebrate this holiday with parade, shows, games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires and firework displays.
Every July 4th, Americans have a holiday from work. Communities have day-long picnics with favourite food like hot dogs, hamburgers or buffalo burgers, potato salads and baked beans. There is always a jazz band playing lively music. The afternoon activities would not be complete without a friendly baseball game and a pie-eating or watermelon-eating contests. There is also a traditional rodeo contest in some parts of the USA.
People usually do a lot of shopping a few weeks before the holiday. They buy presents for their relatives and decorations for their houses. On the day of the holiday many of the Americans wear clothes in the colours of their flag: red, white and blue.
In the evening people in towns and cities gather to watch the fireworks display. Wherever Americans are around the globe, they will get together for a traditional 4th of July celebration!
3.Read the statements and mark them T (true) or F (false).
1. People have picnics.
2. People perform their traditional dances.
3. People watch the rodeo competition everywhere in the USA.
4. People eat their traditional food.
5. People meet their relatives.
6. People who live in capital cities watch the firework display.
7. People wear clothes in the colours of their flag: red, white and blue.
4.Read and complete the sentences with the correct tense form of the verbs in brackets.
The Town of Hampton
The town of Hampton is a centre for fishing. One day Saral _____ (to meet) Kingston Winget there. He is in charge of the local history museum. MrWinget ______ (to offer) to show Sara around. He ______(to tell) Sarah that the houses she saw _______(to be) made of young trees and reeds woven together. He also _____________(to show) her a garden. "Now we _________(to grow) the same kinds оf food the Indians ________(to grow) many years ago," said MrWinget.
Inside the museum Sarah _________(to learn) that Hampton іn one of the oldest cities in the United States. English settler ____________(to begin) the city in 1610. "The English ________(to force) the Indians to leave," said MrWinget. "Then they ________(to build) their town in the place the Indians _________(to live)."
Sarah ________(to see) many old drawings and maps that _________(to show) what Hampton looked like long ago. She also ________(to see) things that people made long ago. The museum ________(to have) dishes, teapots, glasses and other things used by the earl people in Hampton.
Guess what symbol you are talking about.
1. It is the official symbol of the USA. You can see this bird many national parks.
2. You can see it on the Presidential Flag and on some coins. This symbol represents an eagle with wings outspread. It holds a bi die of rods in the left claw and an olive twig in the right claw.
3. This is a living symbol of America. It stands for the past, present and the future of the country. The stripes remind us the 13 original colonies. The stars stand for the 50 states bound together as one country.
Indians Were the First Americans
The first people in North America were the people we now usually call American Indians or Native Americans. A native is a person who was born in a place. The Native Americans were the first people on the continent. They came to the continent through a bridge between Siberia and Alaska.
There are many different groups of Indian people. Indian people lived in tribes. Each tribe once spoke a different language. The different Indian groups were different in other ways, too. They had different beliefs and customs. They had different ways of meeting their basic needs. Indian groups had different cultures. All people have a culture. The food we eat and the clothing we wear are part of our culture. The language and the things people believe in are part of their culture, too.
3.Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions to the text.
1. Who were the first people in North America?
2. What person is called a native?
3. Are there many groups of Indian people?
4. What was their way of life?
5. How did Indians meet their basic needs?
Unit 8. Travelling to the USA
1.a) Work in pairs. Discuss the questions.
1. Have you ever visited a national park?
2. Are there any parks in the place where you live?
3. Why are they so special?
4. What can you do and see there?
5. Do you think we should protect natural places? Why?
Yellowstone National Park Old Faithful Geyser
2.b) Read and translate the text.
Yellowstone, the First National Park
Yellowstone National Park is the first and the most famous national park in the USA. It is situated high in the Rocky Mountains. Yellowstone has many kinds of unusual scenery. Millions of people visit the park every year. The valley of the Yellowstone River has beautifully coloured rocks and three large waterfalls. If you come to the park in the early morning or evening, you can sometimes see a moose or a buffalo eating grass along the shores of Lake Yellowstone. The high mountains around Yellowstone are covered with evergreen forests. Great grizzly bears live there.
Yellowstone National Park has many areas with hot springs and geysers or hot water fountains. Old Faithful Geyser is one of the most famous among them. Every seventy minutes Old Faithful sends hot water about 150 feet high into the air. When you visit Yellowstone, you can ride a horse or hike along one of the paths. You can take a boat trip down the fast Snake River] or spend a quiet summer day fishing by a river or a blue mountain lake. In winter Yellowstone Park is covered with heavy snow, but visitors still come to ski and skate.
Glacier National Park
Glacier is a special place. The mountains, forests, lakes and grasslands provide home for many different animals. Grizzly bears, wolves, moose, deer, mice and squirrels are just a few of the animals that live there. It is also a place where, every summer, thousands of visitors come to see the mountains, take pictures and hike trails.
There is also a special programme for children there. They can become a Glacier National Park Junior Ranger. It is really pretty easy. Children of 6 - 12 year old have to do the activities in the special newspaper. They can get their parents, older brothers and sisters or another adult to help them if they want. They can also ask a Park Ranger for help if they get stuck on any of the activities. Then children return the newspaper to the Visitor Information Centre, give the Junior Ranger Pledge and get there a Glacier Park Junior Ranger badge. Children usually have fun learning about Glacier National Park.
3.Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions.
1. What are the main parts of Glacier National Park?
2. What animals can you see in this park?
3. What can children do in the park?
4. How can children become a Glacier National Park Junior Ranger?
5. Who can help the children to answer all the questions in the list'
Look at the sentences and put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect form.
1) My best friend and I __________ (know) each other for over ten years.
2) I __________ (not buy) anyone a present recently.
3) My father __________ (have) the same job for ages.
4) I __________ (live) in the same house since I was born.
5) My English teacher __________ (not work) at this school for very long.
6) I __________ (not spend) much money recently.
7) My partner __________ (be) at school today for longer than me.
8) I __________ (send) a few text messages today.
9) I __________ (not make) any new friends in the last few weeks.
10) Nobody in my family __________ (receive) good news recently.
11) I __________ (feel) happy since I woke up this morning.
12) I __________ (not see) a good film at the cinema for a long time.
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