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Listen, read and say what places of historic interest you can visit the City of London.

This is London

London, the capital of the UK, is one of the greatest cities in the world. It is at least two thousand years old. Modern London is great metropolis. Its area is about 610 square miles. More than 8 million people live there.

The heart of London is the City. It is only one square mile, but it is the place that we must look for the origins of London we know today. You can find the famous historic landmarks such as the Tower of London, Tower Bridge and St. Paul's Cathedral in this part of the capital.

The City is the world's financial and commercial centre. Visitors can watch the Stock Exchange, the great financial institution, action from a gallery overlooking the "floor of the house". The Bank of England and the Royal Exchange are also situated in the City. The Guildhall is the seat of City government and the Mansion House is the official residence of the Lord Mayor of London.

The Barbican is the area in the northern part of the City. It has multi-storey blocks of offices and some of the highest blocks flats in Europe, as well as shops, restaurants, an Arts Centre am new Museum of London.

4 Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions about the text in Ex. 3.

1. What part is the heart of London?

2. What famous historic landmarks are situated in this part of this part of the capital?

3. Why is the City important?

4. Where does the Lord Mayor of London live?

We Learn about London

2 a) Listen and read.

The Tower of London

The Tower of London is like a mirror of many important events in the English history. It served as a palace, a fortress and a prison. Many kings lived in the Tower of London. Today the Tower of London is a wonderful museum. Black ravens meet tourists there. According to the legend the Tower of London and the kingdom will fall without ravens in it. The Raven Master takes care of them. He gives the black ravens meat in the morning and in the evening. You can also see "Beefeaters" in their traditional Tudor uniforms in the Tower of London. They are the guards and the guides. They are always ready to tell the visitors a lot of interesting things about the Tower of London.

b) Read and order the sentences according to the text above.

___ . You can also see "Beefeaters" in their traditional Tudor uniforms.

Many kings lived in the Tower of London.

The Tower of London is like a mirror of many important events.

___ . The Raven Master takes care of the black ravens.

___ . Today the Tower of London is a wonderful museum.

3 Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions to the missing parts оf the sentences.

1. _________ are the guards and the guides of the Tower of London

2. ___________ gives the black ravens meat in the morning and in the evening.

3. According to the legend ____________ will fall without ravens in it

4. Today the Tower of London is a wonderful _______________ .

5. _______________ lived in the Tower of London.

4 Read and act out the dialogue.

A: Aha! Here you are at last, Borys! Where is Taras?

B: I don't know. We decided to stop and have a rest, that's all

Taras was with me and then he disappeared. Have you seen him?

A: No, I haven't. He always gets lost on our school trips. Will he ever find us?

B: Of course, he will. Look! I can see him. He is going the wrong way. Hey! Taras!

A: He has heard us at last. He is coming now. Let's have our lunch!

B: That's a good idea. Everybody is hungry.

Listen, read and say what sights London is famous for.

Places to Visit

London is full of historical landmarks and exciting attractions. People who visit London for the first time usually start their trip from Trafalgar Square. It's famous for its Nelson's Column, a statue to Lord Admiral Nelson who defeated the French at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805.

If you go down Whitehall from Trafalgar Square, you'll get to Parliament Square. The Houses of Parliament or Westminster Palace is on your left. This wonderful building is the seat of the British Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known as Big Ben. It is one of the most famous clocks in the world. The bell weighs about 14 tons.

Westminster Abbey is a royal church. It is situated opposite the Houses of Parliament. The church is more than 900 years old. You can see the tombs of many British kings, queens and other famous people there.

The other place connected with the Royal Family is Buckingham Palace. It is the official residence of the Queen. When the flag is flying on the top, the Queen is at home. The palace is like a small town with a police station, two post offices, a hospital, two sports clubs, a cinema and a swimming pool. There are 600 rooms and three miles of red carpet. About 700 people work in the palace.

St. Paul's Cathedral, the greatest of all English churches, dates back to the 17th century. It took the architect Sir Christopher Wren 35 years to build this magnificent building with many columns. The cathedral is also famous for its Whispering Gallery.

London is the city where ancient and modern live side by side. All in all, it's a great place to visit.

3 Read the titles of the paragraphs and order them according to the text of Ex.2

___. The Houses of Parliament and Big Ben

___. St. Paul's Cathedral

1. Trafalgar Square

___. Buckingham Palace

___. Parliament Square

___. Westminster Abbey

1 Work in groups. Read the texts. Then answer the questions below.

Mariyinsky Palace Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra

G r о u p A. Mariyinsky Palace is situated in an old part of the city on the top of a hill. It is a beautiful blue and cream coloured building. Mariya Oleksandrivna, the wife of the Tsar Oleksandr II, gave money to build a big park near the palace. That is why people called this park and the palace "Mariyinsky". The park is one of the favourite places among the Kyivites. The green alleys with old chestnut trees give peace and quiet to all of them. The children are happy here with their bikes, balls and mini-cars. The elderly people sit on the benches and remember their younger years. The teenagers chat about their friends and school life.

1. Where is Mariyinsky Palace situated?

2. What place is one of the favourite places among the Kyivites?

3. Why are the children happy in the park?

4. What do the elderly people do in the park?

5. What do teenagers do in the park?

G r о u p B. Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra is situated on the green hills above the Dnipro. In the 9th century a monk Anthony dug a small cave there. Later other monks came to that place to live and pray. They had only bread and water to eat.

Many talented and famous people lived in Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra. They wrote about their lives in the caves. Some of the monks were great artists. They painted beautiful icons and magnificent pictures. Some of the monks were doctors and helped people.

Today Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra is both a monastery and a tourist sight. Monks live, study, work and pray here.

1. Where is Kyiv-Pecherska Lavra situated?

2. Who dug a small cave in the 9th century there?

3. What did monks do there?

III. Write down negative sentences and questions to these sentences.

1. Steve enjoys his work in a service group.

2. They were working at their project from January till May next year.

3. Pete and Tamara have already decided to help their neighboui

4. We will learn new school subjects next year.

IV. Read, complete and write down the sentences.

Put the verbs brackets into the correct tense form.

1. The pupils________ (to write) a test, when the bell _______ (to ring).

2. He ________ (to work) at his report now.

3. Our teacher usually _______ (to take) us for educational trip:

4. We ________ (not, to learn) Biology last year.

5. Ann and Dan ___________ already __________ (to do) their homework.

6. What new school subjects __________ we ________ (to learn) next year?

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