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Таблиця "Tenses" для вивчення або повторення видо-часових форм дієслів (активний стан)

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9

Tenses

Present Simple

Past Simple

Future Simple

Present Continuous

Past Continuous

V1 do /does

V2 did

Shall + V1

Will

To be + Ving

(am /is/are)

To be +Ving

(was/were)

Every week, every day, sometimes, seldom, usually, often, never, always.

Yesterday, two days ago, last week

(month, year), in 1862, in winter, when, then

Tomorrow, next week (month, year), in an hour, tonight, the day after tomorrow, soon.

Now, today, this week, at present, at this moment.

At 7 o’clock last night, while you were reading, when you came, from 6 to 8 o’clock yesterday.

I often read

you read

He reads

She reads

it reads

We read

You read

they read

I worked

You worked

He worked

She worked

It worked

We worked

You worked

they worked

I shall work

You will work

He will work

She will work

It will work

We shall work

You will work

they will work

I am working

You are working

He is working

She is working

It is working

We are working

You are working

they are working

I was working

You were working

He was working

She was working

It was working

We were working

You were working

they were working

Present Perfect

Past Perfect

Present Perfect

Continuous

have +V3

has

Had +V3

have been + V3

has

Ever, never, yet, already, form, since, just, always, so far, how long, recently, today.

By 7 o’clock last night , after, by the time, before he came, till/ until.

For, since

I have worked

you have worked

he has worked

she has worked

it has worked

we have worked

you have worked

they have worked

I had worked

you had worked

he had worked

she had worked

it had worked

we had worked

you had worked

they had worked

I have been working

you have been working

he has been working

she has been working

it has been working

we have been working

you have been working

they have been working

PRESENT SIMPLE

We use Present Simple for permanent states or habitual actions.

Time Expressions:

every day

in the afternoon

often

every morning

in the evening

never

every year

always

rarely

at night

usually

sometimes etc.

V1(s) do/does

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I talk

You talk

He talks

She talks

It talks

We talk

You talk

They talk

I don’t talk

You don’t talk

He doesn’t talk_

She doesn’t talk_

It doesn’t talk_

We don’t talk

You don’t talk

They don’t talk

Do I talk?

Do you talk?

Does he talk_?

Does she talk_?

Does it talk_?

Do we talk?

Do you talk?

Do they talk?

Spelling: Verbs ending in –ss, -sh, - ch, -x, -o ---- -es (I watch –he watches, I go –he goes)

Verbs ending in consonant + y --- -ies ( I study – he studies, BUT verbs ending in a vowel (a, e, o, u) + y-ys

I buy – he buys)

Past Simple

We use Past Simple for actions which finished at a stated time in the past.

Time Expressions:

yesterday

then

last night /week/month/year

a week/ month/ year ago

two days ago

in 1980

when

etc.

V2 did

We form Past Simple of regular verbs by adding –ed

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I stayed

You stayed

He stayed

She stayed

It stayed

We stayed

You stayed

They stayed

I didn’t stay

You didn’t stay

He didn’t stay

She didn’t stay

It didn’t stay

We didn’t stay

You didn’t stay

They didn’t stay

Did I stay?

Did you stay?

Did he stay?

Did she stay?

Did it stay?

Did we stay?

Did you stay?

Did they stay?

Spelling: -e -- -d

double consonant + ed

consonant +y - -ied

vowel +y --yed

like –liked

hate – hated

close -closed

prefer – preferred

stop – stopped

travel- travelled

carry – carried

study – studied

tidy - tidied

play – played

enjoy- enjoyed

stay - stayed

Future Simple

We use Future Simple for actions which will happen in the future.

tomorrow

soon

next month/week/year etc.

in a week,

in a month, etc.

tonight

will +V1

Shall can be used with ‘I’ or ‘we’ in questions, suggestions and offers.

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I will pay (I’ll pay)

You will pay (You’ll pay)

He will pay (He’ll pay)

She will pay (She’ll pay)

It will pay (It’ll pay)

We will pay (We’ll pay)

You will pay (You’ll pay)

They will pay (They’ll pay)

I won’t pay

You won’t pay

He won’t pay

She won’t pay

It won’t pay

We won’t pay

You won’t pay

They won’t pay

Shall I pay?

Will you pay?

Will he pay?

Will she pay?

Will it pay?

Shall we pay?

Will you pay?

Will they pay?

Present Continuous

We use Present Continuous for temporary actions or for actions happening at the time of speaking. Time Expressions:

now

at the moment

at present

to be (am/are/is) +V ing

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I am talking (I’m talking)

You are talking (You’re talking)

He is talking (He’s talking)

She is talking (She’s talking)

It is talking (It’s talking)

We are talking (We’re talking)

You are talking (You’re talking)

They are talking (They’re talking)

I’m not talking

You aren’t talking

He isn’t talking

She isn’t talking

It isn’t talking

We aren’t talking

You aren’t talking

They aren’t talking

Am I talking?

Are you talking?

Is he talking?

Is she talking?

Is it talking?

Are we talking?

Are you talking?

Are they talking ?

When verbs end in one stressed vowel between two consonants, we double the final consonant.

Swim-swimming, walk – walking

sit – sitting but open –openning

Look at the spelling of these verbs

lie – lying write – writing

die – dying drive – driving

Past Continuous

We use Past Continuous for actions happening in the past.

Минулий тривалий час вживається для описання дій, які тривали у певний момент у минулому.

Time Expressions: when, while, as.

to be (was/were) +V ing

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I was talking

You were talking

He was talking

She was talking

It was talking

We were talking

You were talking

They were talking

I wasn’t talking

You weren’t talking

He wasn’ t talking

She wasn’t talking

It wasn’t talking

We weren’t talking

You weren’t talking

They weren’t talking

Was I talking?

Were you talking?

Was he talking?

Was she talking?

Was it talking?

Were we talking?

Were you talking?

Were they talking?

Present Perfect

Теперішній доконаний час вживається, коли йдеться про події, що відбулися нещодавно, або якщо час у минулому, коли вони мали місце, не зазначено.

just (щойно), already (вже), ever (коли-небудь), never (ніколи), recently (нещодавно),

lately (нещодавно), yet (ще), since( з того часу як), for(протягом), today (сьогодні), this week(month, year,) ( цього тижня(місяця, року)), so far(поки що). Yet вживається тільки в заперечних та питальних реченнях.

have/has + V3 (past participle)

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I have walked / I have eaten

You have walked / You have eaten

He has walked / He has eaten

She has walked / She has eaten

It has walked / It has eaten

We have walked / We have eaten

You have walked / You have eaten

They have walked/ They have eaten

I haven’t walked / I haven’t eaten.

You haven’t walked./You haven’t eaten.

He hasn’t walked/ He hasn’t eaten.

She hasn’t walked/ She hasn’t eaten

It hasn’t walked / It hasn’t eaten

We haven’t walked/ We haven’t eaten

You haven’t walked/ You haven’t eaten

They haven’t walked/ They haven’t eaten

Have I walked?

Have you walked?

Has he walked?

Has she walked?

Has it walked?

Have we walked?

Have you walked?

Have they walked?

Past Perfect

Минулий доконаний час

Минулий доконаний час вживається, якщо дія завершилась до певного моменту або до початку іншої дії в минулому.

Time Expressions: for, since, before, after, by.

had + V3 (Ved)

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I had walked / I had eaten

You had walked / You had eaten

He had walked / He has eaten

She had walked / She has eaten

It had walked / It had eaten

We had walked / We had eaten

You had walked / You had eaten

They had walked/ They had eaten

I hadn’t walked / I hadn’t eaten.

You hadn’t walked. /You hadn’t eaten.

He hadn’t walked/ He hadn’t eaten.

She hadn’t walked/ She hadn’t eaten

It hadn’t walked / It hadn’t eaten

We hadn’t walked/ We hadn’t eaten

You hadn’t walked/ You hadn’t eaten

They hadn’t walked/ They hadn’t eaten

Had I walked ?

Had you walked?

Had he walked?

Had she walked?

Had it walked?

Had we walked?

Had you walked?

Had they walked?

Example: + She had written an essay before 5 o’clock yesterday. They had cleaned the flat

before their parents came home.

? Had he done this work by Monday?

_ She hadn’t seen this monument before.

Present Perfect Continuous

Теперішній доконано- тривалий час

Теперішній доконано- тривалий час вживається для вираження дії, що розпочалась у минулому, триває певний час і в момент мовлення ще не завершилась.

Time Expressions: for, since.

have/has + been +Ving

Affirmative

Negative

Interrogative

I have been working

You have been working

He has been working

She has been working

It has been working

We have been working

You have been working

They have been working

I haven’t been working

You haven’t been working

He hasn’t been working

She hasn’t been working

It hasn’t been working

We haven’t been working

You haven’t been working

They haven’t been working

Have I been working ?

Have you been working?

Has he been working?

Has she been working?

Has it been working?

Have we been working?

Have you been working?

Have they been working?

Example : + He has been working for 2 hours now. We have been watching this film for half an hour.

  • She hasn’t been playing with a baby. They haven’t been writing an essay.

? Have you been watching TV for 3 hours? –Yes, I have. Has he been skating since 10 o’clock? –No, he hasn’t.

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Всеосвіта є суб’єктом підвищення кваліфікації (лист МОН № 4/2181-19 від 30.09.2019 р.).

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