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Christmas traditions and customs in Great Britain
OBJECTIVES: to sum up the knowledge of pupils about New Year and Christmas traditions and customs in Great Britain and Ukraine; to develop listening and speaking skills; to involve pupils into communicative activities by means of group work; to practice using the verbs in Present Simple, Present Continuous; to teach the pupils good manner of communication.
There are many holidays during the year. Everyone has its own favourite holiday. And of course we like to celebrate it with our family or friends. Before speaking about holidays I’d like to produce you crossword. If you’ll guess all words correctly you’ll receive the key-word. This key-word will be the theme of our lesson.
1.The month of the year, when the Catholics celebrate Christmas.
Traditional Christmas song.
It falls in winter.
The beginning of the day.
Santa Claus fills it presents for the children.
The key – word is……(Christmas)
The theme of our lesson is Christmas traditional and customs in Great Britain.
Today we shall generalize our knowledge about New Year and Christmas traditional and customs in Great Britain and in Ukraine, we shall listen to the recording about Christmas customs in Britain, we shall speak about these customs and traditions and shall do some grammar exercises.
T.: Please shut your eyes and try to see Christmas what does this word connect with…
( calendar, Christmas stocking, holidays, trees and presents…)
What will you wait from this year’s Christmas?
Listen to the text and be able to answer the questions: What Christmas customs are there in Britain?
You’ll meet a new word mistletoe
There are lots of Christmas and New Year traditions in Britain. For example, every year the people of Norway give the city of London a present. It’s a big Christmas tree and it stands in Trafalgar Square. Also in central London, Oxford Street and Regent Street always have beautiful decorations at Christmas. Thousands of people come to look at them.
Cards, trees and mistletoe. In 1846 the first Christmas cards began in Britain. That was five years after the first Christmas tree. Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert, brought this German tradition (he was German) to Britain. He and the Queen had a Christmas tree at Windsor Castle in 1841. A few years later, nearly every house in Britain had one.
Traditionally people decorate their trees on Christmas Eve ---- that’s December 24th. They take down the decorations twelve days later, on Twelfth Night(January 5th).
An older traditional is Christmas mistletoe. People put a piece of this green plant with its white berries over a door. Mistletoe brings good luck, people say . Also, at Christmas British people kiss their friends and family under the mistletoe.
Post – listening activity
Answer the question
What Christmas customs are there in Britain?
Choose the correct item.
What country gives the city of London a present: a big Christmas tree?
Where does the Christmas tree stand?
a) In Trafalgar Square;
b) in Piccadilly Circus;
с) at Windsor Castle;
d) in the Queen’s residence.
3. When did the first Christmas tree appeared?
a) In 1841; b) in 1846;
c) in 1941; d) in 1946;
4. Who brought this tradition from Germany?
a) Queen Victoria;
b) Queen Elizabeth;
c) Prince Albert;
5. When do people decorate their Christmas trees?
a) on December, 25th;
b) on January, 5th;
с) on Christmas Eve;
6. What is the mistletoe?
a) a green plant with white berries;
b) a green plant with red berries;
c) a green plant with blue berries;
7. What does the mistletoe bring реорle according to the custom?
a) a good health; b) a good luck;
c) a happiness;
8. What must people do under the mistletoe?
a) to kiss; b) to smile;
c) to drink the lemonade;
T. Listen to the recording once more and be able to complete the sentences and to make up the ones.
Complete the sentences.
1. Every year the people of Norway give the city of London…..
2. This Christmas tree stands in… .
3. Thousands of people come to … .
4. Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert, brought… .
5. Traditionally people decorate… .
6. An older tradition is… .
7. People put a piece of mistletoe over… .
8. People say, … .
9. British people kiss … .
T. : You are Ukrainians. Wе are Ukrainians and we have our traditions. What is the differences between Ukrainian and English traditions. These tables will help you.
Christmas in GB
Christmas in Ukraine
1) Christmas in Great Britain is celebrated
2) The English gift-giver is called Father
3) He wears….
4) Father Christmas delivers presents on Christmas Eve.
5) In England traditional Christmas dinner
6) Children in England sing Christmas…
7) On Christmas Eve some people go to
a special church service called…
1) Christmas in Ukraine is celebrated
2) The Ukrainian gift-giver is called…
3) He wears a long red robe.
4) Father Frost…
5) In Ukraine traditional Christmas dinner
6) Children in Ukraine sing Kolyadky
7) On Christmas Eve some people…
Try to guess what it is. ( fill in the gaps with proper pronouns)
1) __ (They) are set up in houses, in the streets and churches and decorated with
fairy lights, angels and small toys. In addition little packets of nuts, candies
and special biscuits are hung there. (Christmas Tree)
2) __ (It) is hung over doors, so the young people have a chance to kiss the girls
under it, plucking each time a red berry from __ (it). It is said that the girl who
was not kissed under __ (it) at Christmas would not get married that year.
(Mistletoe - an evergreen plant with white berries)
presents into them: oranges, sweets, nuts, and if the child didn’t behave properly
Santa Claus put there a piece of coal as punishment. (Stockings)
4) __ (He) got his name from a man known as St. Nicholas who lived in Asia in
the fourth century. He gave his wealth to the poor and often to children. (Santa
service. __ may be traditional or by known composers, they can express different
feelings. __ appeared in Christmas history about the fifteenth century.
6) A typical Christmas lunch includes turkey with cranberry sauce and __ . Every
young woman in each household to stir the Christmas __ if she wishes to be
married that year. (Pudding)
T.: Every nation thinks its food is the best, that they are the best cooks, that they know
what and how to eat. “Every cook praises his own broth” an English proverb says.
Some people say that British food is tasteless.
Ukrainians enjoys a variety of traditional cookery, as well as favourite imported dishes.
Imaginе now you are students, you are in the students hostel now . Christmas is coming . and you decided to prepare something tasty . Here is a list of kitchen equipment, the next one is the list of food ,and the list of words which help you to do your cooking.
Kitchen equipment: a toaster, a cooker, a cutting board, a knife, a spoon, a peeler, a pan, a pot, a table, microwave oven, grill, food processor, graters, bottle opener, hand mixer, a wok.
Ingradiences: salt, sugar, pepper, majonaise, cream, fruit, vegetables, flour, cereal, mustard, meat, sausage, butter,bread…
To roast - смажити (в духовці).
To broil or grill - смажити (на вогні).
To fry - смажити (на сковорідці).
Roast - печеня.
Potato chips - картопляні чіпси.
Mashed potatoes = potato mash - картопляне пюре.
Stew - тушковане м’ясо.
To mash - розминати.
Vegetables - гарнір. (The word “vegetables” may denote peas or even rice)
Well done - добре підсмажений.
Underdone - недосмажений.
Overdone - дуже засмажений.
Are you ready? What are you preparing now? The first group, the second group.
Before reading look through the pictures.
Do you like to decorate New Year’s tree? Of course ,you do. Englishmen like to decorate Christmas tree too. The decoration of the Chrismas tree has a special tradition. Christmons are Christmas decorations with Christian symbols on them. They help Christians to remember the Christmas is the celebration of Jesus birthday. Christmons are traditionally coloured white and gold. White is the liturgical colour for Chrismas and symbolizes that Jesus was pure and perfect. Gold symbolizes His Majesty and Glory. Christmons can be made from nearly anything, but paper and embroidered ones are the most widely used. There are some symbols that are common Christmons and what they represent to Christians.
The Cross symbolizes that Christians believe Jesus Christ died for everyone on a cross. The Latin Cross , is sometimes called the Roman Cross. The base of the Cross has three steps that symbolize faith, hope and love.
The Dove is the symbol of peace and the Holly Spirit.
The Lamp represents that Christians believe in Jesus in the Light of the World.
A Five Pointed Star is the symbol of the Star of Bethlehem, when the Wisemen visited Jesus. The Shepherd’s Crook or Staff remembers that Jesus sometimes called himself a shepherd.
Both of these symbols represent the Christian Trinity’ of God, Jesus and the Holly Spirit.
The Triquerta with a Circle is the most complicated of Christians symbols. The three loops making a triangle represent the three parts of the Trinity. This is surrounded by a circle, which represents eternity.
Alpha and Omega are the first and the last letters of the Greek alphabet. Used together, they are symbolize that Christians believe Jesus is the beginning and the end of all things.
The Star of David, sometimes called the Star of Creation, is the symbol that Jesus was a Jew and a descendant of King David.
It would be very interesting to decorate Christmas tree. How do you think?
Match the symbols and the descriptions
The Cross is the symbol of peace and the Holly Spirit.
The Lamp symbolizes that Christians believe Jesus Christ died for
everyone on a cross.
The Dove represents that Christians believe Jesus in the Light of the
A Five Pointed Star symbolize faith, hope and love.
The Shepherd’s Crook or Staff is the symbol of the Star of Bethlehem
Latin Cross remembers that Jesus sometimes called himself a shepherd.
The Triquerta symbolize that Christians believe Jesus is the beginning and
the end of all things.
Alpha and Omega represent the three parts of the Trinity.
Let’s decorate our Christmas tree and write your wishes there.
HAPPY NEW YEAR TO YOU AND YOUR FAMILY .
MAY YOUR CHRISMAS BE FILLED
WITH BEAUTIFUL HOURS.
AND MEMORIES LOVELY TO HOLD
TO ENHANCE AND EMBELISH
THE DAY OF YOUR YEARS
LIKE ANGELS WINGS SPRINKELED WITH GOLD.
Do you like today’s activities? What do you like most of all?