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Reading: Travelling to England and Scotland

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Тема: Travelling to England and Scotland

Мета:

- розвивати вміння застосовувати отримані знання в конкретній ситуації;

- практикувати навички читання та усного мовлення;

- розвивати вміння знаходити потрібну інформацію в тексті;

- узагальнити отримані знання про країну, мову якої ми вивчаємо.

Виховна мета:

  • прививати інтерес до культури, традицій англомовних країн;

Хід уроку:

I. Introduction of the theme:

T: As I’ve already said we are going to make a short travel about one of the

European countries. You know this country very well.

What do you think about when you hear the word “Great Britain”?

What is the official name of this country?

What countries does Great Britain include?

During our journey we shall visit two parts of Great Britain.

What are they?

II. Auding practice: Now let’s begin our journey to England, the largest part of the UK.

I want you to listen to some brief information about England and then answer the questions.

England is situated on the British Isles. It is the largest part of the United Kingdom. It is mostly the lowland country. Geographically it is divided into 5 regions. They are the Southeast, the Southwest, East Anglia, the Midlands and the North of England. The emblem of the country is the red rose. The capital is London. The official language is English. The queen Elizabeth II is the head of the country. Over 46 million people live here.

Questions

1. Where is England situated?
2. How many regions is England divided into?
3. What is the emblem of England?
4. What language do people speak?
5. Who is the head of the country?

III. Pre – reading activity:

Read the names of the regions:

the Southeast
the Southwest
East Anglia
the Midlands
the North of England

IV. After – reading activity:

Agree or disagree with the sentences.

Use the phrases of agreement or disagreement.

  1. The Southeast is low – populated region.

  2. There is a Heathrow airport in the East Anglia

  3. The Southwest is a farming region.

  4. We can find the famous Stonehenge in the Midlands.

  5. The Midlands is the heart of England.

V. I think it’s time to go to another part of Great Britain. What part is it?

Let’s speak about Scotland.

Match the questions and the answers.

  1. What is Edinburgh sometimes called? 

  2. What is the emblem of Scotland? 

  3. What street lies between the Old Town and New Town? 

  4. What is the Castle used to be? 

  5. In what part of the city is the monument to the dog Bobby situated? 

  6. Who lives in the Holyrood palace sometimes?

________________________

(Athens of the North; the Old Town; the Royal Mile; the Queen; thistle)

VI. Let’s read the text “Highlands and Islands”

Highlands and Islands

To the north of Edinburgh and Glasgow are the Highlands of Scotland: mountains with few trees, wild deer and many sheep. It’s one of the most picturesque places in the world.

The Highlanders, the people of the area – are very devoted to their country with its striking beauty, though it is not so prosperous as other places in Britain. Most of these people are farmers and fishermen. Scotland does a lot of fish trading. On the small islands to the north and west of Scotland there are fishing and farming villages. The houses in the villages look modest but they have to be strong enough to keep people warm in winter when cold winds blow from the sea. Some of the people still speak Gaelic, the ancient Celtic language of Scotland.

Writing: Complete the sentences:

1. To the north of Edinburgh …
2. It’s one of …
3. The Highlanders are …
4. Most of these people are …
5. Scotland does…
6. The houses …
7. Some of the people still…

Reading

Now the task is the following. You can see the map of England. It is divided into 5 regions. You have the description of them. You must read the descriptions and say what region it is.

  1. A highly populated region, a lot of industry near the Thames, important historical cities, the main passenger ports and airports, attractive countryside, the garden of England, world famous resorts.

  2. A very flat area with a lot of farms, Oliver Cromwell’s birthplace, the main national roads, more than half of the area is surrounded by the sea, the famous university of Cambridge, the Fens.

  3. Another farming region with a lot of small family farms, dairy products, used to be known for pirates, the principal cities – Bristol, Bath, the famous Stonehenge, the most westerly point of Great Britain.

  4. An area with a lot of busy industrial cities and many wild and lonely parts, rich in coal, the Lake District, the ruins of Hadrian’s Wall, beautiful valleys, rivers, waterfalls and mountains.

  5. The heart of England, the largest industrial area, the birthplace of William Shakespeare, the university city of Oxford, the industrial cities of Birmingham, Manchester and Sheffield, the big sea port of Liverpool.

Conclusion:

Now, I’d like to say a few words in conclusion. We’ve travelled through England and Scotland. And I hope you enjoyed a lot. I’m glad that we’ll learned a lot about Great Britain. It’s great when people have an opportunity to travel and expand their outlook. Our travelling is over. Thank you for your work. Good bye!

  1. The Southeast is low – populated region. (-)

  2. There is a Heathrow airport in the East Anglia (-)

  3. The Southwest is a farming region. (+)

  4. We can find the famous Stonehenge in the Midlands. (-)

  5. The Midlands is the heart of England. (+)

  1. What is Edinburgh sometimes called? (Athens of the North)

  2. What is the emblem of Scotland? (thistle)

  3. What street lies between the Old Town and New Town? (the Royal Mile)

  4. What is the Castle used to be? (a fortress)

  5. In what part of the city is the monument to the dog Bobby situated? 

(the Old Town)

  1. Who lives in the Holyrood palace sometimes? (the Queen)

TRAVELLING

     Every year a lot of people all over the world spend their holidays travelling. They travel to see other countries and continents, to discover different ways of life, to meet different people and to practise foreign languages. It goes without saying that travelling broadens the mind. No wonder that a lot of people enjoy visiting new places.

      Today people have lots of good reasons to travel. Travelling has always been a part of people's education. The best way to study geography is to travel and the best way to get to know and understand the traditions and customs of different people is to speak to them. Besides, travelling is a good way to practise foreign languages.

      Today tourism is the world's second largest industry. Many places that once were remote are now part of package tours. Tourism has been industrialized: landscapes, cultures and cuisines are consumer goods displayed in travel leaflets. In recent years tourism has really taken off.

      The Mediterranean shores have a resident population of 130 million, but this increases to 230 million each summer because of the tourists. In Spain, France, Italy and most of Greece there is no undeveloped coastline left. In Notre Dame in Paris  108 visitors enter each minute during opening hours.

       Do you want to go somewhere? Hundreds of companies are there to help you. They will take care about your tickets and make all the reservations needed. With modern services you can go around the world.

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Байталюк Ольга Михайлівна
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