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Some Facts about Kyiv
Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, is one of the oldest cities of Europe. It is situated on both banks of the river Dnipro. Six major bridges join Left- and Right-Bank Kyiv. It has a population of about 3 million people. Kyiv is an ancient city. It was founded in 5th century. According to a legend the founders of Kyiv were the brothers Kyi, Schek, Khoryv and their sister Lybid. The city was named after the eldest brother Kyi.
During the reign of Yaroslav the Wise three gates led to the city. The remains of only one of them have come down to us.
Kyiv became the capital ofUkraine in 1934. The main street of Kyiv is certainly Khreschatyk. The first theatre in Kyiv was opened in Khreschatyk Street at the beginning of the 19th century. Khreschatyk looks especially beautiful in spring when chestnut trees are in blossom. But nevertheless Kyiv is always lovely. Now Kyiv is an industrial, scientific, administrative and ciltural centre of Ukraine.
There are many places of interest in Kyiv. Among them are: Kyiv Pecherska Lavra, Golden Gate, St. Sophia Cathedral, St. Volodymyr Cathedral. There are also a lot of monuments to the great people of Ukraine such as Taras Shevchenko, Lesya Ukrainka, Bogdan Khmelnytsky, Prince Volodymyr and others. There are many fine museums in the capital: the Museum of Ukrainian Art, the Historical Museum, the Taras Shevchenko Museum and others. Kyiv is also famous for its theatres: the Opera House, the Ivan Franko Ukrainian Drama Theatre, the Lessya Ukrainka Russian Drama Theatre and many others. A lot of institutes, colleges, libraries and cinemas are also located here. The National Scientific Library, the largest library in Ukraine, is also in Kyiv. Ukrainian people are very proud of their capital.
True or false:
Kyiv is one of the oldest cities in Europe.
It is situated on the one bank of the river Dnipro.
The city was named after the eldest of three brothers.
Kyiv was founded in the 4th century.
Kyiv is more than 15oo years old.
During the rule of Yaroslav the Wise three gates were built.
Now you can see the remains of only one of them.
Khreschatyk is not the main street of Kyiv.
Five bridges join two banks of the Dnopro.
Ukraine’s largest library is the National Scientific Library.
There are a lot of places of the historical interest in Kyiv.
Kyiv is beautiful only in spring.
Match two parts of the sentences:
Kyiv is … one of the places of interest.
The founders of Kyiv were … the central square of the city.
The symbol of Kyiv is … an ancient city.
St. Sophia Cathedral is … a chestnut leaf.
Maidan Nezalezhnosti is … Kyi, Schek and Khoryv.
Khreschatyk is … the main street of Kyiv.
Put the proper form of the verb to be and the possessive pronoun:
Kyiv _________ famous for _________ museums.
Taras Shevchenko _________ famous for ________ poems.
Ukrainian people _________ proud of _________ history.
We ________ proud of _________ country.
I ________ proud of ________ town.
Khreschatyk is the main street in Kyiv. It was recently renovated into one of the most scenic and beautiful places that combines the features of a busy business center with the historical architectural design of buildings. The street leads to Maidan Nezalezhnosti, the city's main square and one of the most popular places of meetings. On weekends, the traffic is blocked on Khreschatyk, and visitors can enjoy a nice walk right in the middle of the street
Maidan Nezalezhnosti, in English “Independence Square”, is Kiev’s main square located on the famous Khreshchatyk Street. The name of the square refers to the independence of Ukraine in 1991.
While speak about Kyiv, it is impossible not to notice Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra and St. Sophia of Kyiv – historical-cultural sights of world value.
The Dnipro hills are dominated by the greatest monument of Kyiv, the Kyivo-Pecherska Lavra, built almost nine centuries ago. A complex of churches, masterpieces of architecture by themselves, has been a holy place of worship for devoted Christians. Famous for its catacombs with the saints' relics, Lavra is also called the Monastery of Caves. Museum collections of miniatures and church treasures amaze visitors from all over the world. Built in 1051, the monastery serves as a historical and cultural symbol of Kyiv, which creates spiritual and cultural value for the Ukrainian nation and also as a spiritual center of the Christian world. The Lavra's architectural structure is included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List.
St. Sophia Cathedral
The majestic Cathedral of St. Sopia was built by Prince Yaroslav the Wise in the XI century in commemoration of the victory over the Pecheneg tribe. The cathedral became a major cultural and political center of Kyivan Rus and a site for receiving ambassadors from many countries. This is one of the oldest cathedrals of the Kyivan Rus, which continues to be preserved today. St. Sophia's thirteen gorgeous golden domes nicely blend with the city skyline. St. Sophia is famous for its outstanding mosaics and frescoes dating back to the eleventh century.
The Golden Gate of Kiev is believed to be constructed in 1017-1024 and is the only remaining of the 3 entrances to the ancient city fortress of Kiev. It is now a museum with exhibits showing the history of the gates as well as ancient Kiev. Golden Gate is one of monuments in Kiev that is partially conserved from 11th century. Built by Prince Yaroslav the Wise, it was an important fortress with gates itself, rampart, raff and so on. On the top of the construction was a church with one golden dome that probably gave the name to the Gate. Golden Gate served as the main entrance to the eldest part of Kiev – Ancient city, where was a residence of princes. Partially destroyed by the army of Batu Khan, it stayed in ruins for a very long time. In 1982, when Kiev celebrated its 1500 anniversary, Golden Gate was completely reconstructed. Stones and walls of 11th century were covered with special model that recreates the look of ancient fortress. In this building there is a museum. Rooms inside are often used for acoustic concerts, theatrical shows etc.
Andriyivsky Uzviz (Andriyivsky Descent)
The most ancient and steep street in Kyiv, Andriyivsky Uzviz, is Kyivites' favorite place for outdoor fairs, festivals, and concerts. Art galleries, shops, and studios make Andriyivsky Uzviz the best place to shop for Ukrainian crafts and artworks. Cultural museums located here reveal the history of the legendary street and of the whole Kyiv. Overlooking Andriyivsky Uzviz and Podil, the old section of Kyiv, stands the Ukrainian Baroque church of St. Andrew designed in 1754 by the Italian architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli. This five-domed church remains the major adornment of the upper city. The Castle of Richard in the modernized Gothic style built in 1902 is Andriyivsky Uzviz' another distinctive feature. The building is currently being reconstructed into a hotel.
There is a legend , that there was the sea on the place where Dnepro flows now. When St. Andrey came to Kyiv and put the cross on the mountain where now there is Andreevsky church, the whole sea left downwards on the grief. But some of its part remained and hidden under Andreevsky mountain. When later the church was constructed there, the well opened under the throne. In Andreevsky church there are no bells, as to the legend, at the first blow the water would wake up and would fill in not only Kyiv, but also the all Left bank. The baroque pearl - Andreevsky church was founded in 1744 in connection with Elizabeth's І arrival to Kyiv. Andreevsky church was constructed in 1749 – 1754.
Monument to the Founders of Kyiv
Established in 1982 in commemoration of the 1500th anniversary of Kyiv, Shek, Horiv and their sister Lebid. The monument is made out of forged brass. The people of like to celebrate weddings at this moment because, according to legend, it brings happiness.
The National Art Museum of Ukraine
The National Art Museum of Ukraine, or as it was once called, the City Museum of Antiques and Art, is located in the capital city of Kyiv. It was established in 1897 after Bohdan Khanenko, a patron of art, began collecting money and pieces of art in an attempt to start the first museum in the country.
The Saint Volodymyr Cathedral
The St. Volodymyr’s Cathedral lies in the centre of Kyiv. It is also considered as the “mother cathedral” to the 'Ukrainian Orthodox Church andacts as one of Kyiv’s key landmarks.
KYIV - THE CAPITAL OF UKRAINE
Kyiv, the capital of Ukraine, has the population of nearly three million inhabitants and covers over 43 km from east to west and 42 km from north to south.
According to the legend, Kyiv was founded by three brothers — Kyi, Shchek, and Khoryv, — and their sister Lybid. The city was named after Kyi, the eldest brother. The monument erected in their honor stands on the bank of the River Dnipro.
In the late 6th and early 7th centuries the first fortification appeared in the northern section of Old Kyiv Hill. While the court of the princes was located on the hills of Kyiv, the lower part of the city, known as Podil, developed into a busy trading district.
With the establishment of Kyivan Rus' (the 9th century), Kyiv became its capital.
Prince Volodymyr the Great (980—1015) expanded the city. Kyivan Rus' was at its zenith under the rule of Prince Yaroslav the Wise (1036—1054). Monasteries were established and developed into centres of education. Close to 400 churches were built, the most famous of which, Saint Sofia's Cathedral (1037), has survived to this day. The first library was founded on the grounds of the Cathedral.
Today Kyiv is one of the greatest ancient European cities, rich with the monuments of art and architecture. It is a political, scientific, cultural, sports, and industrial centre of modern Ukraine.
Kyiv is a major industrial centre that includes companies specializing in electronics, engineering, aviation, food, and chemical production, etc. Kyiv's economic development has been enriched by its advantageous location along the Dnipro River, which links Kyiv to the Black Sea.
The city has many hotels, cafes, and restaurants with Ukrainian, European, American, and Eastern cuisine toaccommodate tourists and business persons. Stadiums, tennis courts, swimming pools, and gyms are also available for you. If you visit Kyiv in late May, you will witness a beautiful festival — "The Days of Kyiv".
fortification [,fɔ:tɪfɪ'keɪʃ(ə)n] — військ, фортифікація;
мн. фортифікаційні споруди
to expand [ɪks'pasnd] — розширяти
cathedral [kə'θi:dr(ə)l] — собор
to accommodate [ə'kɔmədeɪt] — робити послугу; давати притулок,
розміщати stadium ['steɪdjəm] — стадіон
1. What is the capital of Ukraine?
2. Who were the founders of Kyiv?
3. When did the first fortification appear?
4. When did Kyiv become the capital of Ukraine?
5. What do you know about Kyiv of modern times?
These words and expressions have a connection with some places in Kyiv.
Match them with their explanations to know more about Kyiv.
6. T. Shevchenko National Opera
Theatre of Ukraine
a) Ancient Kyiv’s “Upper Town”
b) The 17 story hotel was built in 1970
c) The Kyivites’ favourite street
d) The term used by orthodox church for its largest monastery
e) The socalled “Lower Town”
f) Classical Ukrainian operas such as Lysenko’s “Taras Bulba” are performed here
You are divided into three groups. One pupil is from England, another from America. One of you are an interviewer. Speak about places of interest of Kyiv.
Dialogue 1. (Group No 1)
Excuse me. May I ask you a few questions?
No problem. It’s my pleasure.
Have you ever been to Kyiv before?
I haven’t been out of England before.
But I was in Kyiv 2 years ago and enjoyed the sights of Kyiv.
Kyiv is lovely with its churches, cathedrals and historical monuments.
What impressed you most all?
As for me, the Golden Gates, the Andrew’s Church, the monuments to Prince Volodymyr and Taras Shevchenko are worth seeing.
We liked your capital and all the sights.
Dialogue 2. (Group No 2)
Look at this picture. This is a view of Kyiv State University.
Oh, I see. I know it is named after T. Shevchenko, a famousUkrainian poet.
You should know there is the monument to T. Shevchenko in front of the University.
It’s a pity, but you can’t see it. Do you know something about University?
Yes, I do. It was founded in 1834 and had only two faculties.
Yes, you are right. Now it is the biggest university.
Dialogue 3. (Group No 3)
We present you a certain place of our capital and your task will be to guess and name it.
This is a very famous and ancient institution. Many students from Ukraine, different countries of Europe, Asia and America study there. What is it? (Kyiv-Mohylyanska Academy)
It is one of the most ancient cathedrals in Kyiv. It was erected by unknown master in honour of Yaroslav the Wize over the Pechenegs (St. Sophia).
It is a modern hotel. It has 17 stories. It was named after the very famous sister. (Lybid)
The main street of Kyiv. (Khreschatyk)
Matching the picture and the description:
The Saint Sophia Cathedral was built in 1037 by Prince Yaroslav the Wise to glorify the wisdom of Christianity (“Sophia” in Green means “wisdom”).
The Saint Volodymyr Cathedral was built in 1882 in a new-Byzantine style by architect A. Baretti. It is a traditionally Slavic six-column church. It is crowned by seven cupols. The height to the top of the cross on the main Cupola is 48.9 m.
The Saint Andrew’s Church was built in 1748 by architect Rastrelli.
Kyiv Pechersk Lavra Monastery is one of the most famous sights of Kyiv. “Lavra” means the large monastery.
5. Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts contains a valuable collection of old Ukrainian icons, paintings and sculptures.
Surely, while speak about Kyiv, it is impossible not to notice Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra and St. Sophia of Kyiv – historical-cultural sights of world value.
Today, Lavra is exceptionally valuable architectural ensemble which was forming for over nine centuries as the centre of orthodoxy. The complex includes over 200 sights of archaeology, architecture, history and monumental art. Numerous museums are located on the territory of Lavra. The most of displays are dedicated to different Ukrainian artistic styles, genres and works of applied art, which are rooted in antiquity.
St. Sophia of Kyiv (Софія Київська) is no less unique – it is the world-known monument of history, architecture, monumental painting and sacral art of the first half of ХІ of century, built by prince Yaroslav Mudryi (Wise) in the period of bloom of Kyivan Rus. The name of cathedral, which is bound to religious interpretation of the Greek word "Sophia"– "wisdom" is understood as Divine Wisdom.
Sophia was built as the main metropolitan temple of Rus; the cathedral was the social-and-political and cultural centre of the Kyiv state. The solemn ceremonies of inauguration of princes, meetings of foreign ambassadors were held here, the important agreements about the peace between princes were signed, the Kyiv council also gathered near the temple. The chronicles were being written here. Yaroslav Mudryi (Wise) opened the first library in Rus and it operated in the temple.
Kyiv-Pechersk Lavra and St. Sophia of Kyiv are two of six sights in Ukraine, included to the UNESCO List of world inheritance.
Prince Volodymyr the Great Monument
Prince Volodymyr the Great Monument
This is a monument commemorating Prince Volodymyr - the Baptizer of Rus, and was the first sculpture monument in Kyiv. It was designed by a St Petersburg's sculptor V. Demut-Malinovsky, built by Baron P. Klodt, and architected by Professor O. Ton. The statue depicts the saintly king with a cross in his right hand with the royal crown in his left as he is baptizing Kyivites, also the royal Order of St. Volodymyr, the symbols of Christianization “fire and sword” and the emblem of Kyiv, Archangel Michael.
Monument to the Founders of Kyiv
Established in 1982 in commemoration of the 1500th anniversary of Kyiv, Shek, Horiv and their sister Lebid.
The monument is made out of forged brass.
The people of like to celebrate weddings at this moment because, according to legend, it brings happiness.
The gate was built in 1037 by Prince Yaroslav the Wise. The construction was crowned by the Holy Blessed Virgin Annunciation Church with a glided dome and crest. After the attack of Batu Khan in 1240, the Golden Gate began gradually deteriorating. Nevertheless, the gate continued to serve as an entrance to the city for about another five centuries. In 1982, for the celebration of Kyiv’s 1,500th anniversary, the Golden Gate was reconstructed to its original form. Visitors can see the ancient reuins of the original gate incise the gate structure as well as visit its museum.
Museum of Ukrainian Fine Arts contains a valuable collection of old Ukrainian icons, paintings and sculptures.
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