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Food. Meals. Natalia Vykhovanets
Theme: ENGLISH AND Ukrainian Meals. Aim: to speak about food and meals, to learn how to use the vocabulary necessary for students to talk, to ask and answer about food preferances, about cooking, to learn how to lay the table and the abc of table manners.
Warm-up (Уведення в іншомовну атмосферу) task 1. complete the diagram with the topical words (Доповніть діаграму словами з теми) Breakfast Lunch Dinner Supper Meals toasts juice cereal soup
Check on Homework task 2. Read the article (прочитайте статтю) Traditional british meals In the morning an Englishman has his favourite breakfast of cornflakes with milk and sugar or porridge followed by fried bacon and eggs. Breakfast is generally a bigger meal than they have on the Continent. Some marmalade might be spread on the toast and butter. Perhaps some fruit will also be eaten. For a change one can have cold ham, or perhaps fish, some coffee and a roll. The main meal of the days is called dinner. Dinner is eaten either in the middle of the day or in the evening. If it is eaten in the evening (about 7 pm), the midday meal is called lunch (about 1 pm). If dinner is in the middle of the day, the evening meal is called supper. The usual midday meal consists of two courses — a meat course accompanied by plenty of vegetables. After it comes a sweet pudding or some stewed fruit. Most Englishmen like what they call good plain food. Usually they have beefsteaks, chops, roast beef and fried fish and chips. They are not overfond of soup, remarking that it leaves them without free room for the more important meat course. Afternoon tea one can hardly call a meal. This may mean a cup of tea and a cake taken in the sitting-room or at work. For many Englishmen it is a social occasion when people often come in for a chat over their cup of tea. But some people like to have the so-called ‘high tea’ which is quite a substantial meal. They have it between five and six o’clock. In a well-to-do family it will consist of ham, tongue and tomatoes and salad, or kipper, or tinned salmon, or sausage, with strong tea, bread and butter, then stewed fruit, or a tin of pears, apricot or pineapple with cream and custard, and pasties, or a bun. The evening meal goes under various names: tea, ‘high tea’, dinner or supper (as we have mentioned already) depending upon its size and the social position of those eating it. It is well-known that every national cuisine has got its famous specialties. It isn’t possible to imagine some holidays and celebrations without them. For example, Christmas Pudding for British cuisine means very much. Some English people could dispense with turkey and goose, but a Christmas dinner in Britain without a traditional Christmas pudding would be strange indeed! The Christmas pudding is a direct descendant of the old time plum porridge, beloved by English people in the Middle Ages. Nowadays, in addition to the basic mixture of flour, bread-crumbs and eggs, the ingredients of Christmas pudding include raisins, currants, candied peel, chopped almonds and walnuts, grated carrot and a good measure of brandy, whisky or old ale. In many households the mixing of the pudding is quite a ceremony with all the members of the family taking turns to stir and make a whisk. After being boiled for several hours, the pudding is stored until the time comes for heating it on Christmas Day when it is brought to the table on a large dish, big, round and dark-brown. The Christmas pudding is covered with white sauce burning in brandy. Receiving each slice, the guests are warned to eat carefully because sixpenny bits, shillings, a tiny silver bell and a silver horseshoe have been put in it. Those who find the ‘treasure’ are supposed to have money in the coming year, whoever gets the bell is to be married and the horse-shoe is the traditional sign of good luck.
Task 3. Answer the following questions to the text (Дайте відповіді на запитання до тексту) 1. What food was beloved by English people in the Middle Ages? 2. What is the method to cook Christmas pudding nowadays? 3. What does ‘a good plain food’ mean? 4. What little ‘surprises’ can we find in a slice of Christmas pudding? 5. What social occasion is connected with afternoon tea? 6. What does ‘high tea’ consist of?
Task 4. put ‘true’ or ‘false’ to the text ‘traditional british meals’ (вкажіть “правда” чи “неправда” до тексту “традиційна британська їжа”) 1. The most favourite Englishman’s breakfast consists of cornflakes with milk (or porridge) and fried bacon and eggs. 2. The main meal of the day in Britain is served in the evening. 3. Most Englishmen consider soup as the most important midday course. 4. High Tea is a social occasion when Englishmen meet for a chat. 5. The evening meal in Britain goes under various names. 6. The tradition of Christmas pudding took its history in Middle Ages. 7. The Christmas pudding is covered with chocolate and nuts. 8. The Christmas pudding is always full of surprises.
□boiled rice □ roast chicken □baked potatoes □ grilled sausage □ fried eggs □ steamed vegetables TASK 5. Match the word combinations with the pictures. (З’єднайте словосполучення із малюнками).
Task 6. Read and guess what a Ukrainian specialty each paragraph mentions. (Прочитайте і відгадайте про яку українську страву згадується у кожному пункті). A It is a brawn made from boiling pigs’ trotters. The meat is picked off the bone and the gravy sets around it into a jelly as it cools; served with horseradish or mustard. B Pancakes, often made with soured milk for a lighter batter. Thinner pancakes are called nalysnyky, which are rolled and served with a stuffing, usually fruit or jam. C Cabbage rolls stuffed with rice and vegetables, or possibly with spiced minced meat, and stewed slowly in the oven. D Soup based on beetroot with meat and other vegetables; served with sour cream. There are many regional varieties. E Pork fat — no description of Ukrainian cuisine would be complete without it. Ukrainians like their pigs to be fat for it. Spices are rubbed into the skin. It’s eaten in thin slices on black bread with garlic and salt. Especially delicious is the smoked version. F Ravioli-like pasta stuffed with potato, cabbage, mushrooms, meat or cheese, or with cherries as a sweet dish. G A domestic sausage, but it can’t be called saliami. The only way to sample true home-prepared sausage is by experiencing it for yourself with the sights and smells of the markets of Ukraine. H Pancakes made from grated potato and flour and fried; served with sour cream. varenyky deruny kholodets mlyntsi domashnia kovbasa borshch varenyky holubtsi deruny kholodets mlyntsi kovbasa domashnia
Task7. Complete the sentences with the adjectives from the box. (Доповніть речення поданими прикметниками). Food which is kept very cold is ____________________________________. These eggs are ________________________________, I bought them today. I like my mum’s cooking. ______________________food is always the best. This tea is very_______________________. You have put too much sugar in it! Indian food like curry is very _____________________________________. ________________ food is food you buy at a restaurant and take home to eat. Sushi is made with ___________________________________________ fish. People on a diet often try to eat ________________________________ food. fresh, frozen, home-made, low-fat, raw, spicy, sweet, takeaway
Task 8. Read the recipe and put the steps below in the correct order. (Прочитайте рецепт і вкажіть кроки приготування у правильній послідовності). Put the chopped beetroot, carrots and green beans into a saucepan with about 2 litres of water and cook for a while. Then, add the rest of the vegetables, dill and salt and cook until vegetables are tender, adding more water if necessary. Fry the finely chopped onion in oil in a small frying pan and add flour. Stir until smooth. You use this to thicken the soup; add this to the borshch when the vegetables are cooked. Add some cream and the freshly chopped garlic and cook for about 5 minutes more. Adjust seasoning if necessary. Serve. □ Prepare thickener. □ Taste, add salt. □ Add the rest of the cabbage, potatoes, garlic, to your taste tomatoes, onion and dill and let them cook. □ Serve. □ Add thickener to borshch. □ Add cream and garlic, and cook. □ Cook the beetroot, carrots and green beans in 2 l of water.
Task 9. write ‘a food & drink alphabet’. Continue the list (Доповніть список словами із теми “Їжа та Напої” в алфавітному порядку). Apple, bread, coffee …________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________.
How to lay the table First you spread the table cloth and put the plates. Then you take soup spoons for the soup, spoons for the sweet and all the knives and forks. You should put the knife and the soup spoon on the right of the plate and the fork on the left. On the left of each guest you put a small plate for bread and on the right - a glass. Don’t forget to put out the table napkins for each guest.
The abc of table manners 1. Do not attract unnecessary attention to yourself in public. 2. When eating take as much as you want, but eat as much as you take. 3. Do not eat too fast or too slowly, cut as you eat. 4. Take a little of every dish that is offered to you. 5. Sit up straight, do not put your elbows on the table while eating. 6. Do not reach across the table – say: “Would you please pass the salt?” 7. There is no rule about eating everything on your plate. 8. When refusing a dish or a helping simply say: “No, thank you”, when accepting – “Yes, please”. 9. Do not leave the spoon in your cup, when drinking tea or coffee. 10. To indicate that you have had enough, place knife and fork together, not criss-cross.
Task 10. Listening “Food”. (Слухання тексту “їжа”)
Task 11. Choose the correct answer to the text “food”. (виберіть правильний варіант відповіді до тексту “їжа”) 1. Mrs. Hunt would like … now. a) supper; b) dinner; c) breakfast. 2. Mrs. Hunt wants some … food. a) French; b) Ukrainian; c) English. 3. Jane prefers meat to … a) fish; b) vegetables; c) soup. 4. Mr. Hunt doesn’t eat green … a) apples; b) vegetables; c) tea. 5. Sheila doesn’t eat … a) vegetables; b) meat; c) potatoes. 6. Simon eats a big … every day. a) dinner ; b) breakfast; c) lunch.
Keys to the text “food” (Ключі до тексту “їжа”) 1) b; 2) c; 3) a; 4) b; 5) c; 6) a.
homework 1. Write a recipe of your favourite dish. 2. Write a paragraph about your tastes in food using the words spicy, raw, cooked, salty, hot, sweet, fatty.
Thank you for your attention!!!
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