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English speaking countries
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. The British Isles are separated from the continent by the English Channel. The country is washed by Atlantic Ocean, the North Sea, and the Irish Sea. The United Kingdom consists of four parts: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The population of the Great Britain is over 57 million people. The official language of Great Britain is English. The UK is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world’s largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft, and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding. The UK is constitutional monarchy.
London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and cultural centre. It’s one of the largest cities in the world. Its population is more than 9 million people. London is situated on the river Thames. It was founded more than two thousand years ago. London is an ancient city. It appeared at the place where the Roman invaders decided to build a bridge over the Thames. There are four parts in London: West End, East End, the City and Westminster.
The City is the oldest part of London, its financial and business centre. There are many offices, companies and banks in this part of the capital. The heart of the City is the Stock Exchange. The Tower of London and St Paul’s Cathedral are situated in the City. Westminster is also important part of the capital. It’s the administrative centre of London. The Houses of Parliament, the seat of the British Government, are there. Opposite the Houses of Parliament is Westminster Abbey where kings and queens have been crowned and many famous people were buried. The Houses of Parliament are often referred to as the Palace of Westminster.
The Towers of the Houses of Parliament stand high above the city. On the highest tower there is the largest clock in the country, Big Ben. Big Ben strikes every quarter of an hour. To the west of Westminster is West End, the richest part of London. It is full of luxury hotels, super-markets, cinemas and concert-halls. In the centre of the West End the Trafalgar Square is situated with the famous statue of Lord Nelson.
The London Eye Trafalgar square
Els (also Wales and Wales; Wall Cymru, Wales) is a country in the south-west of the United Kingdom which is the administrative part of the United Kingdom. Bordered on the east by England and surrounded on three sides by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean
Wales is a region with a rich history and amazing natural beauty. The country has an authentic Celtic culture that is different from the culture of England and Scotland. Wales attracts many tourists with its magnificent castles and stunning scenery of mountains and seashore.
Wales is mainly a mountainous country that occupies the south-west of the island of Great Britain. It has land borders with England and more than 1 000 km of coastline, with several dozen islands off the coast. The most populated south of Wales is the largest cities
The climate of Wales is temperate. It is usually characterized by mild, windy and humid weather. West winds prevail throughout the year. The rainiest season is from October to January. In the mountains, the climate is a little harsher.
Sotland is a part of the United Kingdom, located on the British Isles and occupying approximately 30% of the island. The total area of the state is about 78 thousand km2. It can be divided into eight parts: Central Scotland, South West, Edinburgh, Glasgow, West Coast, Orkney and Shetland Islands, Inverness and Highlands, Aberdeenshire and Grampian Highlands.
Nowadays, this country is one of the most visited tourist places in the whole world. Its popularity is usually connected with its best-known and unique liquors, doodlesacks, haggis and tartan as well as its spectacular and astonishing landscapes. Scotland has a great history studded with thrilling myths, tales and legends. Many people dream of visiting Loch Ness which is considered to be one of the Scotland’s largest lakes, because they hope to see the legendary Loch ness monster there and take some photos with it.
Moreover, the majority of Scots are friendly, welcoming and helpful hosts. If you need some help, piece of advice or bed and breakfast, they’re glad to offer you what you need. Although, there can be some troubles with understanding of what they say, in spite of the fact that they speak international English language. Their pronunciation is very different from "Received Pronunciation" we used to learn at school – Scots have their own accents and dialects. Besides, the country is a motherland of famous writers, artists, scientists and other celebrities
Northern Ireland is a country in Western Europe that is part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is bordered by the Republic of Ireland within the Island of Ireland. The capital and largest city is Belfast. Administratively divided into 6 counties
Population: 1.882 million (2018) ONS UK, Popular Capital: Belfast Currency: Pound Sterling Device: Consociational devolved legislation within unitary constitutional monarchy Landmarks: Giants Road, Carrick-a-Reid, Titanic Belfast.
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