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Приклад завдання з олімпіади Українська мова. Спробуйте!

Посібник "Тексти для аудіювання на уроках англійської мови"

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  • 01.07.2019
  • Англійська мова
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The Symbols of Ukrainian State

The national flag of Ukraine consists of two horizontal stripes. The top is blue and the bottom is yellow. These are the colours of the sky, the rivers and the golden fields of our beautiful country. Blue and yellow (or gold) were symbols of Kyivan Rus' many centuries ago. They were important colours of the Cossack age. The flag first became the national symbol of Ukraine in 1848. It came back in 1992 when Ukraine became аn independent state.

The trident is an ancient symbol of Ukrainian people. Its history began about 1,000 years ВC. In the 10th century it became the emblem of Kyivan princes Volodymyr Velykyi and Yaroslav Mudryi. It officially became the national emblem again in 1992.

The anthem of Ukraine is "Sche ne vmerla Ukrainy...". Pavlo Chubyns'kyi wrote the words in 1863 and later composer Mykhilo Verbyts'kyi wrote the music. First it became the national anthem in 1919. In 1992 it came back again.

TASKS

Task 1. Put « +» if the statement is true and « - » if the statement is false.

  1. The national flag of Ukraine consists of two horizontal stripes.

  2. The top is yellow and bottom is blue.

  3. The anthem of Ukraine wrote in 1865.

  4. Ukraine became an independent state in 1992.

  5. The trident is an ancient symbol of Ukrainian people.

  6. The anthem of Ukraine is “Sche ne vmerla Ukrainy…”

Task 2. Choose a correct variant.

  1. The colour of Ukrainian flag is…

    1. blue and yellow; b) green and blue; c) brown and white.

2. Ukraine became an independent state in…

a) 1994; b) 1999; c) 1992.

3. Who wrote the words to the anthem of Ukraine?

a) Pavlo Chubyns’kuy; b) Mykola Lysenko;

c) Mykhailo Verbut’skyi.

4. Who wrote the music to the anthem of Ukraine?

a) Mykola Lysenko; b) Mykhailo Verbut’skyi; c) Pavlo Chubyns’kuy.

5. The anthem of Ukraine wrote in…

a) 1863; b) 1864; c) 1865.

6. The national flag of Ukraine consists of…

a) two horizontal stripes; b) four horizontal stripes; c) five horizontal stripes.

In a café

Bill, Kate and their mother like to have a meal in a cafe. There are many tasty things there to eat. For breakfast there are different sandwiches and cheese, hamburgers and eggs, sausages, toast and jam. For dinner there are always different salads, meat or chicken, fish and chips, and soup.

Once they go to the cafe they like. It is dinnertime.

«What would you like to have, Bill?»

«What would you like to have, Kate?», Mother asks the children.

«Well, I’d like a vegetable salad and some meat», says Bill.

«And I’d like some chicken and banana yoghurt», says Kate.

«Any soup or salad, Kate», Mother asks.

«Oh, no, Mum. Is there any orange juice?»

«No, but there is some cola».

«Great. A glass of cola, please».

«I don’t like cola. A glass of apple juice for me, Mum», says Bill. «O.K.»

TASKS

І. Circle true or false

1. There are many tasty things in a cafe. T / F

2. For breakfast there are different salads, meat or chicken, fish and soup. T / F

3. For dinner there are always different sandwiches and cheese, hamburgers and eggs. T / F

4. Once Bill, Kate and their mother go to the cafe. T / F

5. Bill would like a vegetable salad and some meat. T / F

6. Kate would like some soup and salad. T / F

ІІ. Choose the correct answer

1. Bill, Kate and their mother like to have a meal:

a) in a restaurant;

b) in a café;

c) at home.

2. For breakfast there are:

a) different hamburgers and eggs, sausages, toast and jam;

b) meat or chicken, fish and chips;

с) different salads and soup.

3. For dinner there are always:

a) different sandwiches and cheese, hamburgers and eggs;

b) different salads, meat or chicken, fish and chips, and soup;

c) tasty cakes and sweets.

4. Bill would like:

a) a fruit salad and orange juice;

b) some chicken and banana yoghurt;

c) a vegetable salad and some meat.

5. Kate would like:

a) some chicken and banana yoghurt;

b) some soup;

c) some meat and cheese.

6. In the cafe there isn’t:

a) any cola;

b) any orange juice;

c) any apple juice.

Sports in Ukraine

Sport is very popular in Ukraine. The main sports are: football, volleyball and basketball. They are played at schools and Universities.

Playing tennis, swimming are popular in our country too.

Every school has its own gymnasium and sport grounds. Some of them have stadiums and swimming pools.

There are different sports clubs in our schools. We go in for different kinds of sports after classes.

The best Ukrainian sportsmen are our national heroes. Ukrainian sportsmen take part in international sports competitions. Ukrainian athletes took part in the Olympic Games in Sydney as a separated team. They won a lot of gold and silver medals there.

Among the best sportsmen at the Olympic Games was Yana Klochkova. She won two gold and three silver medals in Australia.

Ukrainian football players like Andrii Shevchenko are well – known in Europe and in the whole world.

The two brothers Klychko are the best boxers in the world.

We try to keep fit. We exercise and we go jogging every day.

TASKS

Task 1. True, False

  1. The main sports in Ukraine are: football, basketball and volleyball.

  2. Playing golf is very popular in our country too.

  3. There are swimming pools in every school in Ukraine.

  4. Ukrainian sportsmen took part in the Olympic Games.

  5. Three brothers Klychko are the best boxers in the world.

Task 2. Choose a correct answer

  1. Sport is very popular in:

      1. Ukraine.

      2. Moldova.

      3. USA.

  2. Playing … are very popular in our country

      1. football, volleyball

      2. tennis, running

      3. tennis, swimming

  3. Among the best sportsmen at the Olympic Games was …

      1. Vitalii Klychko

      2. Yana Klochkova

      3. Lilia Podkopaieva

  4. She won two gold and three silver medals in …

      1. England

      2. Ukraine

      3. Australia

  5. We go in for different kinds of sports after …

      1. supper

      2. classes

      3. dinner

  6. The main sports in Ukraine are …

      1. football, tennis, running

      2. basketball, tennis, football

      3. football, volleyball and basketball

  7. The two brothers Klychko are the best …

      1. football players

      2. boxers

      3. hockey players

All Seasons Are Beautiful

Teacher: Today we shall speak about seasons. There are four seasons in a year: spring, summer , autumn, winter, What is your favourite season?

Tom: My favourite season is autumn. It’s a beautiful season. The leaves in the trees are red, yellow, brown and green. It is warm in September. I can go for a walk. On the first of September I am glad to see my friends at school after the long summer holiday. In autumn there are a lot of vegetables and fruit. I like sweet pears.

Alice: I don’t like autumn. It’s a dull season. I don’t like when it rains. In October it is cold and it often rains, and we can’t go for a walk. I like summer. Summer is a bright season. The trees are green. It’s hot and I can swim in the river. I can play outdoors all day long. And I don’t go to school.

David: And my favourite season is winter. Winter is beautiful. The trees are white with snow. There is a lot of snow in the streets and in the parks. My friends and I can play snowballs and hockey. But most of all I like to ski.

Susan: I don’t like winter. It’s so cold in winter. It often snows. The sky is grey. The day are short and the nights are long. I like spring. The sun often shines, the sky is blue , birds singsong. In May the trees and grass are bright green. There are many beautiful flowers in May.

Teacher: Well, children, I think all seasons are good and beautiful. Everything is good its season.

TASKS

I. Write the correct name:

1. ________likes snow.

2. ________doesn’t like rain.

3. ________likes sunshine.

4. ________likes swimming in hot days.

5. ________likes meeting friends after holidays.

6.________ likes colourful leaves.

II. True or False

__1. It snows in winter.

__2. October is an autumn month

__3. It’s hot in winter,

__4. We start school on the first of October.

__5. You can eat pears in autumn.

__6. The trees are bright green in May.

III. Answer the questions.

  1. How many seasons are there in a year?

  2. How many month are there in each seasons?

  3. When can you play snowballs?

  4. When can you swim in the river?

  5. When can you eat many taste fruit and vegetables?

  6. When can you see the first flowers?

IV. Describe your favourite season and weather.

How The Painter Rembrandt Was Discovered

In a museum in Holland one can see a pair of wooden shoes with funny little figures of animals drawn on them.

Those drawings helped to discover the great painter Rembrandt.

When he was still a boy, Rembrandt worked to become a painter and travel in foreign countries.

One day at school, instead of listening to the teacher, he was drawing pigs and chickens on the wooden shoes of the pupil sitting next to him. Seeing this, the teacher got angry with him and said he would tell his mother.

In the afternoon Rembrandt was sitting on the top of a hill quite near his house, watching the traffic in the streets.

When he saw his teacher coming towards his father’s house, he was sure that his teacher had come to speak to his parents. His father called him and the young Rembrandt saw his teacher with one of the wooden shoes in his hand. All eyes were turned on him as he came near. To his great surprise, his mother spoke to him kindly, saying, "Do you really want to be a painter, my child?" The boy could not believe his ears, his heart was full of happiness.

His teacher told him that he liked his excellent drawings and wanted him to study painting with a famous artist in the town.

Later Rembrandt painted wonderful pictures, but he died a poor man.

TASKS

I True or False

  1. In a museum in Holland one can see two pairs of shoes.

  2. The drawings helped to discover the great painter Rembrandt.

  3. When he was a boy, Rembrandt wanted to be a teacher.

  4. One day at school he was drawing pigs and chickens on his boots.

  5. The teacher was angry and punished him.

  6. In the afternoon Rembrandt was sitting on the top of a hill.

II Choose the correct answer

1. What can one see in a museum in Holland?

A. One can see a pair of wooden shoes.

B. One can see a pair of wooden boots.

C. One can see a wooden shoe.

D. One can see a pair of leather shoes.

2. What is drawn on the shoes?

A. Little figures of animals.

B. Little figures of children.

C. Little figures of birds.

D. Little figures of fish.

3. What helped to discover the painter?

A. The animals. C. The shoes.

B. The drawings. D. The birds.

4. What was Rembrandt doing at the lesson one day?

A. He was listening to the teacher.

B. He was reading.

C. He was drawing pigs.

D. He was writing.

5. Where was Rembrandt sitting in the afternoon?

A. He was sitting in the park.

B. He was sitting on the roof of the house.

C. He was sitting in the tree.

D. He was sitting on the top of a hill.

6. What was he doing on the top of a hill?

A. He was watching people in the street.

B. He was watching the traffic in the street.

C. He was watching birds in the street.

D. He was reading.

III Fill in the gaps using the words from the box. One of the words is extra one

Afternoon, turned, ears, wooden, behaviour, painter

    1. In a museum in Holland one can see a pair of … shoes.

    2. In the … Rembrandt was sitting on the top of a hill.

    3. All eyes were … on him as he came near.

    4. The boy could not believe his … .

    5. He wanted to be a … .

Books And TV

Some people think that as more and more people have televisions in their homes; fewer and fewer people will buy books and newspapers. Why read an article in the newspaper, when the TV news can bring you the information in a few minutes and with pictures? Why read a novel, when a play on television can tell you same story with colour, picture and action?

Why read the biographies of famous men and women, when an hour-long television programs can tell you all that you want to know?

Television has not killed reading, however. Today, newspapers and magazines are sold in very large numbers. And books of every kind are sold more than ever before. Books are still a cheap way to get information and entertainment. Although some books with hard covers are expensive, many books are published today as paperback books, which are reasonably cheap. A paperback novel, for example, is almost always cheaper than an evening at the cinema or theatre, and you can keep a book forever and read it many times.

Books at home are a wonderful source of knowledge and pleasure and some types of books should be in every home. Every home should have a good dictionary. Every home should have an atlas of the world, with large clear maps. It might be expensive, but a good encyclopedia is useful, too, because you can find information on any subject. In addition, it is useful to have on your bookshelves other non-fiction books such as history books, science textbooks, cookery books, books about medicine and health, etc. It is equally important to have some fiction on your shelves, too. Then you can relax with a good story, or from time to time you can take a book of poems off your shelves and read the thoughts and feelings of your favourite poets.

TASKS

I Match the words on the left with their definitions on the right

1. ...an article a) a book that is used to study a school subject

  1. ...an atlas b) a publication that comes out weekly or monthly

  2. ...a biography c) a book with maps of the world

  3. ...a novel d) usually a cheap book with a soft cover

  4. ...a textbook e) a story about a real person

  5. ...a dictionary f) a piece of writing in a newspaper

  6. ...a poem g) a book of word definitions

  7. ...a paperback h) usually a short piece of writing expressing a deep

feeling or thought

9. ...a magazine i) a story about people who are not real

II Choose the best answer according to the information in the passage

1. Which is easier to get the news from?

  1. a newspaper

  2. the television

2. Which is usually quicker?

  1. to read a biography of a famous person

  2. to watch a television programme about a famous person

3. Which is usually cheaper?

  1. a paperback

  2. an evening at the cinema

4. Which is usually cheaper?

  1. a paperback

  2. a hardcover book

5. Which is it most important to have in your home?

  1. non-fiction books, such as a dictionary and an encyclopedia

  2. fiction, such as novels, short stories and books of poems

  3. a mixture of both good non-fiction and your favourite fiction.

III Which of the following are non-fiction and which are fiction? Put the words into the two columns

Atlas, novel, short story, textbook, play, dictionary, encyclopedia, poem.

IV Write a short review of the book you've read and liked very much. Be sure to mention the title of the book, say a few words about the author, describe the scene of the action, main characters and ideas.

The Angry Fan

This happened in Australia, during a water-polo game that was one of the main sports events of the season. There was nothing exciting at the beginning of the game; but suddenly one of the players jumped out of the water and ran to the referee. He said that one of the forwards of the other team had bitten him in the leg while he was swimming under the water.

At first the referee thought that it was some kind of a joke, but when the player pointed to blood on his leg, he had to believe that it was serious. He called the forward and asked him why he had done such a strange thing; and though the forward insisted that he had not bitten anybody, the referee made him leave the game.

They began again, but a few minutes later, two players, one from each team, climbed out of the water, shouting that somebody had bitten them. There was blood on both players' legs. The game was stopped, and they began to let the water out of the pool. When almost all the water was let out, everybody saw a young crocodile at the bottom of the pool. Somebody had put the crocodile into the pool, but why? The truth became known when the players returned to their dressing room after the game and found a letter there.

"I have been a water-polo fan for many years", the author of the letter wrote, "and I am not satisfied with the way the players seem to act. They have allowed the game to become slow and uninteresting, and I have decided that I must do something to make them move faster. I don't think I can do this well myself, and I have decided that my crocodile will do it better".

TASKS

I. True or False.

  1. Water-polo is very popular in Australia.

  2. The players were very excited at the beginning of the game.

  1. One of the players was bitten in the leg.

  2. d) It was a joke.

e) There was a crocodile at the bottom.

f) The crocodile was put in the pool in order to kill the best player of the opposite team.

II. Choose the correct answer.

  1. How many water-polo players were bitten by the crocodile?

  1. one

  2. two

  3. three

  1. How was the crocodile found?

  1. the water was let out of the pool

  2. the players put the net into the pool

  3. the water was let into the pool

  1. Who put the crocodile into the swimming pool?

  1. the referee

  2. the player

  3. the water polo fan

  1. What did he do it for?

  1. to play a joke

  2. to make them move faster

  3. to frighten them

  1. When did they know the truth?

  1. in the afternoon

  2. when they returned to their dressing room

  3. when they returned to the living room

  1. Who could make them move faster?

  1. a coach

  2. a shark

  3. a crocodile

III. Fill in the suitable words

At fast the 1._____ thought that it was some kind of a joke? But when the player pointed to 2._____ on his leg? He had to 3._____ that it was serious. He called the 4._____ and asked him why he had done such a strange thing; and though the forward insisted that he had not 5._____ anybody, the referee made him 6._____ the game.

  1. Leave D) referee

  2. forward E) believe

  3. bitten F) blood

IV. Ask 6 questions to the text

Volcano

Volcano is an opening in the Earth’s surface through which lava, hot gases and rock fragments erupt. Such an opening forms when melted rock from deep within the Earth blasts through the surface. Most volcanoes are mountains, cone-shaped ones, which were built up around the opening by lava and other materials.

Eruptions of volcanic mountains are spectacular sights. In some eruptions, huge fiery clouds rise over the mountain and glowing rivers of lava flow down its sides. In other eruptions red-hot ash and cinders shoot out the mountaintop, and large chunks of hot rock are blasted high into the air. A few eruptions are so violent that thy blow the mountain apart.

People have always been both fascinated by the spectacle of volcanic eruptions and terrified of their power.

Eruptions have caused some of the worst disasters in history, wiping out entire towns and killing thousands of people.

In early times, volcanoes played a role in the religious life of some people.The world ‘volcano’ comes from ‘Vulcan’, the name the ancient Romans gave to their God of Fire. Romans believed the God lived beneath the volcanic island Vulcano.

TASKS

TASK 1

1. What is volcano?

a) a melted rock b) a lava c) an opening in the Earth surface

2. Most volcanoes are

a) cone-shaped b) oval-shaped c) square-shaped

3. Eruptions of volcanoes raise

a) fiery clouds, red-hot ash, cinders, chunks of hot rock b) fiery clouds and red-hot ash c) cinders and chunks of hot rock

4. Lava is

a) rock fragments b) hot gases c) melted rock

5. The world ‘volcano’ comes from

a) the name the ancient Roman b) the name of God of Firec) the name of the island

6. People consider volcanic eruptions as a

a) supernatural power b) fascinating sight c) one of the worst natural disasters

TASK 2 (True or False)

1. Most volcanoes are mountains

2. In some eruptions, huge clouds fall down the mountain

3. People have always been both fascinated by the spectacle of volcanic eruptions and terrified of their power.

4. The world ‘volcano’ comes from the name of the ancient Greek God

5. Volcanoes cause such disaster as terrible wind that rushes across the land

6. A few eruptions are so violent that thy blow the mountain apart.

WHY WE LEARN ENGLISH

People began to speak many centuries ago, and since then they have been speaking different languages. Every language reflects the soul, behaviour and temperament of each nationality. Peoples created their own alphabets and rules, but they always wanted to communicate with each other, to understand and to know more about each other. Languages help people to understand each other better, they help them to solve different economic and political problems, which stands before them, and so people learn foreign languages.

All languages are different. Some are very hard, some are easier, some are similar, but there are no identical languages in the whole world. There are more than 2 700 languages in the world. Many of them are "alive" because people use them, but there are some "dead" languages, for example Latin.

Two thousands years ago, Latin was the world's most important international language. Today this title belongs to English. It's a global language of travel, business, pop culture, sport and science.

Over one billion people speak English. That's almost one fifth of the world's population. For over 400 million it's their first language. For the other 600 million it's either a second language or a foreign language.

Today, in fact, over 250 million people are learning English. That's more than the population of the USA.

The average person in Britain has a vocabulary of between 10 000 and 15 000 words. In his plays William Shakespeare used a vocabulary of about 30 000 words. Shakespeare was born over 400 years ago. At that time, only six or seven million people spoke English.

Now English is spoken practically all over the world, it has become the world's most important language in politics, science, trade and cultural relations. It is spoken as a mother tongue in Great Britain, the United States of America, Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Besides, a lot of people speak English in Japan, India, China, Africa and many other countries. English is one of the official languages of the United Nation Organization. Half of the world's scientific literature is in English. It is the language of computer technology.

To my mind English is worth studying. There is a proverb: "A new language is a new world". "Knowledge is a power", one great man said. Speaking a foreign language one can not only read the papers, magazines and original books by outstanding writers, but as well watch satellite programmes, travel easily to different parts of the world. Besides, understanding and speaking a foreign language became necessary while applying for a good and well-paid job.

Now I know that it is a must for XXI century professional no matter what job to choose. The world is getting smaller and international connections tighter. A lot of foreign delegations keep coming to our country, hundreds of joint ventures have appeared in every city of our country recently. So without doubt you can't do without learning this beautiful language.

  • to reflect [ri'flekt] — відбивати, відображати

  • soul [səul] — душа

  • behaviour [bi'heɪvjə] — поведінка, манери, вчинки

  • to create [krɪ(:)'eɪt] — створювати

  • similar ['sɪmilə] — подібний (to smth. — до чогось); схожий, подібний

  • average ['æv(ə)rid3] — нормальний, звичайний, пересічний, середній

  • a mother tongue [tʌŋ] — рідна мова

  • worth [wə:θ] — гідний, що заслуговує, вартий

  • satellite ['sætəlaɪt] — супутниковий

  • to apply [ə'plaɪ] for — звертатися з проханням, заявою

  • (особл. у письмовій формі) про (щось), претендувати на

  • well-paid job [wel peɪd dʒəub] — добре оплачувана робота

  • joint venture ['vəntfə] — спільне підприємство

  • do without [wiðəut] — обходитися без

1. What was the world's most important international language two thousands years ago?

2. How many people speak English as their first language, a second language or a foreign language?

3. How many languages are there in the world?

4. How large is the vocabulary of the average British person?

5. Where is English spoken?

6. Why do you learn English?

ABOUT MYSELF AND MY FAMILY

I am Max Kovaliov. I am seventeen years old. I want to tell you a few words about my family. My family is large. I have got a mother, a father, a sister, a brother, and a grandmother. There are six of us in the family.

First of all, some words about my parents. My mother is a teacher of history. She works in a college. She likes her profession. She is a good-looking woman with brown hair. She is forty-five but she looks much younger. She is tall and slim. My father is a computer programmer. He is very experienced. He is a broad-shouldered, tall man with fair hair and grey eyes. He is forty-seven. My father often sings and when we are at home and have some free time, I play the guitar and we sing together. My father knows all about new TV sets and likes to repair old ones. He is also handy with many things. When he was little, he liked to take everything to pieces. My grandmother told me a story that once father tried to "repair" their kitchen clock. He managed to put all the wheels and screws back again — but the clock did not work. They had to give it to a repairman. But that happened a long time ago. Now he can fix almost everything: a vacuum cleaner, a washing machine, a fridge and what not. He's got a few shelves where he keeps everything he needs. On his table there is always a TV set in pieces.

My parents have been married for twenty-six years. They have much in common, but they have different views on music, books, films and sports. For example, my father likes horror films and my mother likes "soap operas". My father is fond of tennis and my mother doesn't go in for sports. But my parents have the same opinion about my education and upbringing.

My parents are hard working people. My mother keeps the house and takes care of all of us. She is very good at cooking and she is clever with her hands. She is very practical. My father and I try to help her with the housework. I wash the dishes, go shopping and tidy up our flat.

My grandmother is a pensioner. She lives with us and helps to run the house. She is fond of knitting.

My sister Helen is twenty-four. She is married and has a family of her own. She works as an accountant for a joint venture company. Her husband is a scientist. They have got twins: a daughter and a son. They go to a nursery school.

My brother Sergey is eleven. He is a schoolboy. He wants to become a doctor but he is not sure yet. Three months ago he dreamed of being a cosmonaut.

I want to enter the university. I'd like to learn foreign languages. I think I take after my father. I'm tall, fair-haired and even-tempered. I always try to be in a good mood.

We have got a lot of relatives. We are deeply attached to one another and we get on very well.

  • slim — стрункий

  • experienced [іks 'piəriənst] — досвідчений, кваліфікований

  • broad-shouldered [brɔ:d 'ʃəuldəd] — широкоплечий

  • to be handy ['hændɪ] with smth. — уміти робити щось

  • to have much in common ['komən] — мати багато спільного

  • view [vju:] on smth. — погляд на щось

  • to be fond of smb., smth. — любити когось, щось, захоплюватись чимось

  • to go in for smth. — займатися чим-небудь

  • upbringing ['ʌp,brɪniŋ] — виховання

  • she is good at cooking ['kukɪŋ] — вона добре готує

  • she is clever ['klevə] with her hands — у неї вправні руки

  • to run the house — вести господарство

  • joint venture [dʒɔɪnt'ventʃə] company — спільне підприємство

  • to take after [teɪk 'aftə] — бути схожим, вдатися в когось із батьків

  • fair-haired [fɛə hɛəd] — світловолосий

  • even-tempered ['i:v(ə)n 'tempəd] — урівноважений

  • to be in a good mood [mu:d] — бути в гарному настрої

  • to be deeply attached [ə'tætjt] to smb. — бути глибоко відданим комусь

  • to get on well — бути в добрих стосунках, ладнати один з одним

1. What is your first name? What is your surname?

2. How old are you?

3. When is your birthday?

4. Is your family large? How many are you in the family?

5. Have you got any brothers or sisters?

6. What are your parents? Where do they work?

7. How long have your parents been married?

8. Do they have much in common?

9. Do you spend a lot of time with your family?

10. What sort of things do you do together?

11. Do you go out with your parents?

12. Who runs the house in your family?

13. What are your household duties?

14. What is your father's hobby?

15. Can you describe your mother?

MY FRIEND

My best friend's name is Michael. We made friends a few years ago. We are of the same age. We live in the same block of flats, so we see each other almost every day.

Michael is a tall slender boy. He has got dark hair, large dark eyes, a straight nose and thin lips. He wears spectacles. He is a nice guy. He is very honest and just, understanding and kind. I trust him a lot and I'm sure that I can rely on him in any situation. He never lets people down. Michael is only 19 but he is very responsible — he finishes whatever he starts. He's got only one shortcoming. He is a bitstubborn; nevertheless he is pleasant to deal with.

Michael is an only child and his parents love him very much. His father is a lawyer. He is the most brilliant man I've ever met. He knows everything there is to know about the law. Michael's mother is a music teacher. No wonder Michael is so talented. He's got a very good ear for music. He likes jazz and plays the piano very well.

We spend a lot of time together. We often watch video or listen to music. Sometimes we go to the theatre, or walk around the centre of the city, visiting small cafes, museums, art galleries, and shops. We talk for hours about all sorts of things (politics, love, teachers and girls). We discuss films, television programmes, books.

I never quarrel with Michael. But if there is some misunderstanding between us we try' to make peace as soon as possible. What I like best about him is that he is always willing to help and share his knowledge, thoughts, and feelings. I respect him for his fairness, strong will, intellect, and modesty.

I miss Michael when we don't see each other for a long time. Without him I would feel lonely and uncomfortable. Our friendship helps me feel strong and sure of myself.

  • of the same age [seɪm eɪdʒ] — однолітки block

  • of flats — дом (багатоквартирний)

  • slender ['slendə] — стрункий

  • honest ['ɔnist] — чесний

  • just [dzʌst] — справедливий

  • understanding [,ʌndə'stændiŋ] — чуйний

  • to rely [ri'laɪ] on smb. — покладатися на кого-небудь, довіряти

  • to let smb. down — підводити

  • responsible [rɪs'pɔnsəb(ə)l] — відповідальний

  • shortcoming [ʃɔ:t'kʌmɪŋ] — недолік, вада

  • stubborn ['stʌbən] — упертий

  • he is pleasant ['pleznt] to deal [di:l] with — із ним приємно мати справу

  • a good ear ['ɪə] for music — гарний музикальний слух

  • to make peace [pi:s] — помиритися

  • to respect [rɪs'pekt] — поважати

  • fairness ['fɛənɪs] — справедливість, чесність

  • modesty ['mɔdɪstɪ] — скромність, стриманість

1. Have you got a lot of friends?

2. What is your best friend's name?

3. How long have you been friends?

4. Where does he (she) live?

5. Do you often see each other?

6. Where did you meet for the first time?

7. What do you do in your spare time ?

8. What do you usually talk about?

9. Do you ever quarrel?

10. What do you like best about your friend?

11. Has he got any shortcomings?

12. Do you think friendship depends on shared interests — hobbies and leisure activities?

13. Does it mean that if two people don't have common hobbies they can't be real friends?

14. What features do you like (dislike) in people?

MY WORKING DAY

On weekdays the alarm clock wakes me up at 6.30 and my working day begins. I'm not an early riser that's why it's very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I switch on my tape-recorder and do my morning exercises. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower and clean my teeth. After that I return to my bedroom to get dressed.

Usually my mother makes breakfast for me. But when she is away on business or just doesn't have to get up early, I make breakfast myself. While having breakfast, I listen to the latest news on the radio.

I leave the house at 7.30 and go to the nearest underground station. Last year I tried to enter the University, but unfortunately 1 failed my entrance examinations. So I thought I should work somewhere. It wasn't easy to find a job, but I managed to get a position of a secretary in a small business company. They agreed to take me because I had studied typewriting, computing and business organization at school. And besides, I passed my English school-leaving exam with an excellent mark.

It takes me an hour and a half to get to work. But I don't want to waste my time on the train. I've got a small cassette player and I listen to different texts and dialogues. Sometimes I read a book and retell it silently. If I come across an interesting expression I try to memorize it. I also write some English words on flashcards and learn them.

I usually arrive at work at ten minutes to nine though my working day begins at 9 sharp. There are always some fax messages to translate from English into Ukrainian. Sometimes my boss wants me to write a letter to our business partners abroad. There are also a lot of phone calls, which I have to answer.

At 1 o'clock in the afternoon we have lunch. We usually have lunch in a small cafe just round the corner. At 2 o'clock we come back to work. And we work hard till 5 o'clock.

During the working day we also have several short coffee breaks. But sometimes we have no time for that.

I come home at about 7 o'clock in the evening. My parents are usually at home, waiting for me. We have dinner together. Then we sit in the living room, drink tea, watch TV or just talk.

Occasionally I have to stay at work till 6 or even 7 o'clock in the evening. When we have a lot of things to do we go to work on Saturdays. So by the end of the week I get very tired. All I can do on Sundays is to sleep till eleven o'clock, watch television, listen to music and read something in English.

And still I always look forward to my next working day because I like my job. I think I get a lot of useful experience.

  • to be an early ['ə:li:] riser fraɪzə] — рано вставати

  • unfortunately [ʌn'fɔ:tʃnitli] — на жаль, на біду, на нещастя

  • to fail [feɪl] — провалитися (на іспитах)

  • entrance examinations ['entr(ə)ns ɪg,zæmɪ'neɪʃ(ə)n] — вступні іспити

  • position [,pə'zɪʃ(ə)n] of a secretary — місце секретаря

  • typewriting ['taip,raɪtiŋ] — машинопис

  • business ['biznis] organization — діловодство

  • to waste [weɪst] time — гаяти час

  • to come across — зустріти, наштовхнутися, натрапити

  • to memorize ['meməraɪz] — запам'ятати

  • flashcard ['flæʃka:d] — картка

  • to answer a phone [fəun] call — відповісти на телефонний дзвінок occasionally [ə'keiʒnəlɪ] — час від часу, іноді

1. Do you get up early? Is it easy for you to get up early?

2. Do you wake up yourself or does an alarm clock wake you up?

3. Which do you prefer: a hot or a cold shower in the morning?

4. What do you usually have for breakfast?

5. Some people look through newspapers or listen to the latest news on the radio while having breakfast. What about you?

6. When do you usually leave the house?

7. What do you usually do on your way to work (school, etc.)?

8. Where do you usually have lunch (dinner)?

9. What time do you come home?

10. How do you spend your evenings?

11. What time do you usually go to bed?

HOBBIES

Hobbies differ like tastes. If you have chosen a hobby according to your character and taste you are lucky because your life becomes more interesting.

Hobbies are divided into four large groups: doing things, making things, collecting things, and learning things. The most popular of all hobby groups is doing things. It includes a wide variety of activities, from gardening to travelling and from chess to volleyball.

Gardening is one of the oldest man's hobbies. It is a well-known fact that the English are very fond of gardening and growing flowers, especially roses.

Doth grown-ups and children are fond of playing different computer games. This is a relatively new hobby but it is becoming more and more popular.

Making things includes drawing, painting, making sculpture, designing costumes, handicrafts. Two of the most famous hobby painters were President Eisenhower and Sir Winston Churchill. Some hobbyists write music or play musical instruments. Bill Clinton, for example, plays the saxophone.

Almost everyone collects something at some period in his life: stamps, coins, matchboxes, books, records, postcards, toys, watches. Some collections have no real value. Others become so large and so valuable that they are housed in museums and galleries. Many world-famous collections started in a small way with one or two items. People with a good deal of money often collect paintings, rare books and other art objects. Such private collections are sometimes given to museums, libraries and picture galleries so that others might take pleasure in seeing them.

No matter what kind of hobby a person has, he always has the opportunity of learning much from it. By reading about the things he is interested in he is adding to what he knows. Learning new things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby.

  • to includen'klu:d] — включати до складу; зважати, ураховувати

  • variety [və'raɪətɪ] — різноманітність; безліч (of)

  • to design [dɪ'zain] — створювати, моделювати, конструювати

  • handicraft ['hændɪkra:ft] — рукоділля, ремесло, ручна робота

  • hobbyist ['hobɪst] — аматор; людина, що має певне хобі

  • value ['vælju:] — цінність

  • item ['аɪtəm] — окремий предмет (у списку)

  • rare [rɛə] — рідкісний

  • private ['prаɪvɪtj — приватний, особистий

  • to take pleasure in ['рlеʒа] — діставати задоволення від

  • nо matter what kind of hobby a person has — чим би людина не захоплювалась

1. Tastes differ. Can you say the same about hobbies?

2. Have you chosen a hobby according to your character and taste?

3. Which hobby groups do you know?

4. The most popular hobby group is doing things, isn't it? What kind of activities does this group include?

5. What do you know about gardening?

6. Do you like computer games?

7. Are you fond of making things?

8. Do you know any hobbies of the famous people?

9. Have you ever collected anything?

10. What can be collected?

11. Do you know of any private collections that were given to museums or art galleries?

12. Do you agree that learning new things can be the most exciting aspect of a hobby? Why?

My Town

My name is Nick. I live in a small town. Our town is not very big. Not all the streets of our town are long and wide. But they are green in summer with a lot of trees and flowers. On Saturdays and Sundays there are a lot of people and cars in the streets. The people of our town do the shopping.

We can see a lot of people in the parks in our town. In spring and summer there are a lot of grannies and little children in our "Children's Park". Grannies usually sit or walk. And their little grandchildren like to play balls, ride small cars, run and jump. This park is the best place for our children.

In summer, when it is hot, the people of our town like to go to the river. It is not very long and wide, but it's warm and clean. There is a bridge across the river. Next to the river there is a large field. In summer it is yellow and very beautiful.

Some houses in our town are big and tall. But there are small houses too. And they have got small gardens with apple trees and flowers.

There are four schools in our town. My friend and I go to school number four. We are good friends and good pupils. In winter we like to skate in the park and ski in the field not far from the forest. We like our school and our town.

Task 1. Put « +» if the statement is true and « - » if the statement is false

1) Nick livеs in a city.

2) Our town is not very big.

3) On Mondays there are a lot of people and cars in the streets.

4) The people of our town do the shopping.

5) In spring and summer there are a lot of grannies and little children in our "Children's Park".

6) This park is the best place for people.

Task 2. Choose a correct answer

1. Nick livеs

a). in a city

b). in a village

c). in a small town

d). in London

  1. Our town is…

a). not very big

b). very big

c). big

d). nice

  1. There is across the river

a). a bridge

b). a park

c). a tunnel

d). a museum

  1. there are a lot of people and cars in the streets

a). On Tuesdays

b). On Saturdays and Sundays

c). On Fridays

d). On Sundays

  1. In summer yellow and very beautiful

a). a yard

b). a garden

c). a field

d). a street

6. Some houses in our town are

a). small

b). large

c). big

d). big and tall

Answer:

Task1 1 - 2 + 3 - 4 + 5 + 6 -

Task2 1 c 2 a 3 a 4 b 5 c 6 d

Good Friends

It was winter. It was cold. The forest, the field and the lake were white with snow. A rabbit had nothing to eat. So he went to the field to get something to eat. There he saw four carrots. He was very happy. He took the carrots and brought them home. He ate only two carrots because he wanted to give the other two to the goat.

The rabbit took two carrots and went to the goat’s house. The goat was not at home. The rabbit put the carrots on the table and went away. When the goat came home he saw the carrots on the table. He thought, “Oh, what a good friend I have. I must be a good friend too. It’s winter now. The rabbit has nothing to eat. I must help him.”

So he ate only one carrot, took the other and went to the rabbit’s house.

The rabbit wasn’t at home. The goat put the carrot on the table and wrote a short letter: “Dear rabbit! This carrot is for you. Yours goat.”

When the rabbit came back home he saw the carrot and the letter on the table. He read the letter, ate the carrot and thought, Oh, what a good friend I have!”

Task1. Put « +» if the statement is true and « - » if the statement is false.

1. It was winter.

2. A rabbit went to the forest.

3. He ate 4 carrots.

4. The goat saw the carrots on the table.

5. He went to the fox’s house.

6. The rabbit saw the book on the table.

Task2. Choose a correct variant.

1. Why did rabbit have nothing to eat?

a) It was late; c) he was lazy;

b) It was winter; d) he was fool.

2. Where did he do to get something to eat? He went to…

a) the shop; c) the field;

b) the wood; d) the river.

3. How many carrots did the rabbit eat? He ate…

a) two carrots; c) one carrot;

b) four carrots; d) six carrots.

4. Whom did he bring the other carrots?

a) fox; c) goat;

b) rabbit; d) pig.

5. What did the goat think about his friend? He thought:

a) what a bad friend I have; c) what a strong friend I have;

b) what a crazy friend I have; d) what a good friend I have.

6. How many carrots did the goat eat? He ate:

a) two carrots; c) three carrots;

b) one carrot; d) four carrots.

Answer:

Task1: 1 + 2 – 3 – 4 + 5 – 6 –

Task2: 1 b 2 c 3 a 4 c 5 d 6 b

The Symbols of Ukrainian State

The national flag of Ukraine consists of two horizontal stripes. The top is blue and the bottom is yellow. These are the colours of the sky, the rivers and the golden fields of our beautiful country. Blue and yellow (or gold) were symbols of Kyivan Rus many centuries ago. They were important colours of the Cossack age. The flag first became the national symbol of Ukraine in 1848. It came back in 1992 when Ukraine became аn independent state.

The trident is an ancient symbol of Ukrainian people. Its history began about 1,000 years ВC. In the 10th century it became the emblem of Kyivan princes Volodymyr Velykyi and Yaroslav Mudryi. It officially became the national emblem again in 1992.

The anthem of Ukraine is "Sche ne vmerla Ukrainy...". Pavlo Chubynskyi wrote the words in 1863 and later composer Mykhilo Verbytskyi wrote the music. First it became the national anthem in 1919. In 1992 it came back again.

Task 1. Put « +» if the statement is true and « - » if the statement is false.

  1. The national flag of Ukraine consists of two horizontal stripes.

  2. The top is yellow and bottom is blue.

  3. The anthem of Ukraine wrote in 1865.

  4. Ukraine became an independent state in 1992.

  5. The trident is an ancient symbol of Ukrainian people.

  6. The anthem of Ukraine is “Sche ne vmerla Ukrainy…”

Task 2. Choose a correct variant.

  1. The colour of Ukrainian flag is…

    1. blue and yellow; b) green and blue; c) brown and white.

2. Ukraine became an independent state in…

a) 1994; b) 1999; c) 1992.

3. Who wrote the words to the anthem of Ukraine?

a) Pavlo Chubyns’kuy; b) Mykola Lysenko; c) Mykhailo Verbutskyi.

4. Who wrote the music to the anthem of Ukraine?

a) Mykola Lysenko; b) Mykhailo Verbutskyi; c) Pavlo Chubynskyi.

5. The anthem of Ukraine wrote in…

a) 1863; b) 1864; c) 1865.

6. The national flag of Ukraine consists of…

a) two horizontal stripes; b) four horizontal stripes; c) five horizontal stripes.

Answer:

Task1 1 + 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 + 6 +

Task2 1 a 2 c 3 a 4 b 5 a 6 a

A compliment for a compliment

A very rich painter did not have a family, but he had a dog that he loved like a son.

The dog was ill – perhaps because the painter gave it too much food. The animal lay in the painter’s bed: it ate nothing, only drank a little water. The painter telephoned all the hospitals in the city, but when they heard that the patient was a dog, they refused to send a doctor.

The patient sure the dog’s life was in danger. He telephoned one of the best doctors in London, but he did not tell him who the patient was. When the doctor came, the painter said, “I know you are a great doctor, and you don’t take care of dogs. But this is very important to me, and I hope you will not refuse.”

The doctor was angry, but he said nothing.

The next day, the doctor telephoned the painter and asked him to come to his house. The painter was sure it was about his dog. But the doctor, who met him at the door, said nothing about the dog. “I want to talk to you about my door,” he said. “I know you are a great painter, and you don’t paint the doors, but it is very important to me. I hope you will not refuse.

Task 1. Put «+» if the statement is true and « - » if the statement is false

1. A very rich painter had a family.

2. The patient was the painter’s son.

3. The doctor was angry.

4. The doctor asked the painter to come to the hospital.

5. His painter was sure it was about his picture.

6. The doctor said nothing about the door.

Task 2. Choose a correct variant.

1. A painter had…

a) a son;

b) a family;

c) a dog.

2. The animal lay…

a) in the box;

b) under the bed;

c) in the bed.

3. The doctor was…

a) glad;

b) angry;

c) happy.

4. The ill dog ate…

a) bread;

b) meat;

c) nothing.

5. The patient was…

a) a painter;

b) a doctor;

c) a dog.

6. The hospital refused to send…

a) a doctor;

b) a letter;

c) food.

Answer:

Task1 1 – 2 – 3 + 4 – 5 – 6 –

Task2 1 c 2 c 3 b 4 c 5 c 6 a

Sports in Ukraine

Sport is very popular in Ukraine. The main sports are: football, volleyball and basketball. They are played at schools and Universities.

Playing tennis, swimming are popular in our country too.

Every school has its own gymnasium and sport grounds. Some of them have stadiums and swimming pools.

There are different sports clubs in our schools. We go in for different kinds of sports after classes.

The best Ukrainian sportsmen are our national heroes. Ukrainian sportsmen take part in international sports competitions. Ukrainian athletes took part in the Olympic Games in Sydney as a separated team. They won a lot of gold and silver medals there.

Among the best sportsmen at the Olympic Games was Yana Klochkova. She won two gold and three silver medals in Australia.

Ukrainian football players like Andrii Shevchenko are well – known in Europe and in the whole world.

The two brothers Klychko are the best boxers in the world.

We try to keep fit. We exercise and we go jogging every day.

Task 1. Put « +» if the statement is true and « - » if the statement is false

  1. The main sports in Ukraine are: football, basketball and volleyball.

  2. Playing golf is very popular in our country too.

  3. There are swimming pools in every school in Ukraine.

  4. Ukrainian sportsmen took part in the Olympic Games.

  5. Three brothers Klychko are the best boxers in the world.

Task 2. Choose a correct answer

  1. Sport is very popular in:

      1. Ukraine.

      2. Moldova.

      3. USA.

  2. Playing … are very popular in our country

      1. football, volleyball

      2. tennis, running

      3. tennis, swimming

  3. Among the best sportsmen at the Olympic Games was …

      1. Vitalii Klychko

      2. Yana Klochkova

      3. Lilia Podkopaieva

  4. She won two gold and three silver medals in …

      1. England

      2. Ukraine

      3. Australia

  5. We go in for different kinds of sports after …

      1. supper

      2. classes

      3. dinner

  6. The main sports in Ukraine are …

      1. football, tennis, running

      2. basketball, tennis, football

      3. football, volleyball and basketball

  7. The two brothers Klychko are the best …

      1. football players

      2. boxers

      3. hockey players

Answer:

Task 1: 1. + 2. – 3. – 4. + 5. –

Task 2: 1. a 2. c 3. b 4. c 5. b 6. c 7. b

JANE EYRE

Part 2

A woman met me in Lowood school. She took my things and we walked to a big house. We went into the house. A teacher came and took me by the hand. The woman went away with my things and the teacher took me into a long room with a lot of large tables round it. Girls of nine to twelve years old sat on benches round the tables. They all had brown dresses on. It was dark and cold in the room.

"Sit down on one of the benches," said the teacher. "The girls are learning their lessons for tomorrow. They will soon finish and you will have supper. Then you will go to bed."

For supper we had a piece of bread and some water. After that we marched to the bedroom. It was a large room with many beds. Two girls slept in each bed. In ten minutes the teacher took away the light.

The night passed quickly. In the morning it was very cold in the room. We washed our faces in water with ice. Then we marched to the cold schoolroom where lessons began. We read the Bible and did exercises in our exercise-books. This lasted for an hour. Then we marched to another room for breakfast. After breakfast there was reading, writing, history and geography. Before dinner we went into the cold, windy garden for an hour.

For dinner we had some bad meat and potatoes. I ate what. I could. Then we marched back to the schoolroom and had our lessons till five o’clock.

The next day began as before, but we could not wash. The water in the washroom was ice.

During January, February and March there was much snow in the garden. We had no boots and could not walk far. The rooms were very cold. The food was bad and in spring many of the pupils were ill with typhus. In May Lowood school was a hospital. We had no lessons. Many pupils went home and died there. Some girls died in the school.

marched - йшли строєм; took away - забрала; ice - лід; lasted - тривало; writing - письмо; were ill with typhus - захворіли висипним тифом.

Task 1. Put « +» if the statement is true and « - » if the statement is false.

    1. A man took my things.

    2. The teacher took me into a short room.

    3. Girls sat on chairs. It was very cold in the room.

    4. We didn’t go into the windy garden.

    5. The water in the washroom wasn’t warm.

    6. For dinner we had some bad meat and potatoes.

Task 2. Choose a correct variant.

  1. The room was with many…

a) chairs; b) windows c) tables

2. The girls were dressed in…

a) uniforms; b) dresses c) skirts and blouses.

3. We had a piece of bread …

a) for supper; b) for dinner; c) for lunch.

4. We read…

a) the Bible; b) the text; c) the book.

5. In May school wasn’t…

a) a sad place; b) a hospital; c) a happy place.

6. Many pupils didn’t…

a) feel fine; b) go home; c) go from the school to die.

Answer:

Task1 1 – 2 – 3 – 4 – 5 + 6 +

Task2 1 c 2 a 3 a 4 a 5 c 6 a

Florence Nightingale

The Nightingales were wealthy and could live wherever they wanted. When William Nightingale married he and his beautiful bride toured Europe and visited many cities. On May 12, 1820 in Florence, Italy, their first child was born and they called their daughter Florence. Later the family lived most of the time in London, England. During her childhood and youth Florence was chiefly interested in taking care of poor people in hospitals; her dream was to become a nurse. At the age of seventeen she was presented to Queen Victoria; with her sister she toured Italy, Germany and France where she learned the languages of those nations. In Germany Florence entered the nurse institute for a three-month training course. When she was 34 Florence became the Head of the hospital for governesses in London. She organized the work of medical nurses very well there. The Sponsors of the hospital were very pleased with her.

During the war in the Crimea, Florence and her nurses took care of the wounded and dying. They brought order and cleanliness into the army hospitals. In England she was asked to organize an army hospital reform. She returned to her native land to popularize nurses' uniforms and the nursing institutes.

The fame of Florence Nightingale spread and throughout the world she was known as the “Lady of the Lamp”. Today all Nurse Training centers exist due to Florence Nightingale's first institute. She also wrote a practical book entitled Notes on Nursing.

She had much to do with bringing the Red Cross into army medical activities. Florence Nightingale lived to be very old and on August 13, 1910 at the age of ninety she died.

Task 1. Put « +» if the statement is true and « - » if the statement is false

  1. The Nightingales were wealthy and could live wherever they wanted.

  2. The family lived most of the time in Italy.

  3. Florence had always wanted to become a nurse.

  4. Florence knew three foreign languages.

  5. At the age of seventeen she was presented to Queen Victoria.

  6. In Italy Florence entered the nurse institute.

  7. At the age of 34 Florence became the Head of the hospital.

  8. In England she was asked to popularize hospital.

9. The Sponsors of the hospital were very pleased with her.

10. She wrote an autobiographical novel.

11. Florence Nightingale wasn’t very old when she died.

12. Florence and her nurses took care of the wounded and dying.

Answer: Task1: 1 + 2 - 3 + 4 + 5 + 6 - 7 + 8 - 9 + 10 - 11 - 12 +

A Story

One day some Americans were having dinner at a hotel in London. When fish was put on the table one of them, a young man said: “Let’s examine the fish carefully, perhaps we’ll find a diamond in it.” Everybody began to laugh, but an old man said quietly: “Yes, I’m sure we have all heard stories like that. Let me tell you what happened to me once.”

When I was a young man”, he began, “I worked for a big company in New York; and I was sent to England to do some work there. I was in love with a beautiful girl, and before I left for England, we decided that we would get married when I returned home.

I stayed in England for two months. I sent letters and postcards to the girl almost every day, but after the first two weeks I didn’t receive any answers. But I didn’t think anything was the matter, and before I left for home, I bought a beautiful diamond ring for her.

On the ship one morning, a telegram was brought to me. It was from a friend in New York, who told me that the girl had changed her mind and was going to get married to another man. I was so angry that I threw the diamond ring into the sea.

My friend came to the port to meet me, and he invited me to dinner. While we were sitting down at the table and I was eating fish, I suddenly felt something hard in my mouth. What do you think it was?”

The diamond!” all the Americans cried.

No,” the old man answered, “It was the fish bone.”

Task 1. Choose a correct answer

  1. Where were the Americans having dinner one day?

a). on board ship

b). at the hotel

c). at a party

d). in a cafe

2. What did the young man hope to find in the fish?

a). a watch

b). a ring

c). some money

d). a diamond

3. Where was the young man sent to work?

a). to England

b). to London

c). to New York

d). to Canada

4. When had the young people decided to marry?

a). when he returned home

b). during the journey

c). before he left home

d). on the way back home

5. What did the young man buy for his girl?

a). a beautiful dress

b). a fur coat

c). a gold watch

d). a diamond ring

6. Why didn’t the girl answer his letters?

a). she was very ill

b). she wanted to join him

c). she wanted to marry another man

d). she was angry with him

7. How did the young man react to his friend’s news?

a). he was very happy

b). he was very lonely

c). he was very angry

d). he was very unhappy

8. What did the young man do with the present?

a). he gave it to another girl

b). he threw into the sea

c). he sold it

d). he lost it in the street

9. What did the friends have for dinner when they met again?

a). they had soup

b). they had pudding

c). they had meat

d). they had fish

10. What did the young man feel hard in his mouth?

a). a fruit stone

b). a fish bone

c). an egg shell

d). a diamond ring

11. Who came to the port to meet him?

a). my father

b). my friend

c). my sister

d). my relatives

12. Who was having dinner at a hotel in London?

a). some Englishmen

b). some people

c). some Americans

d). some women

Answer: Task1: 1 b 2 d 3 a 4 a 5 d 6 c 7 c 8 b 9

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