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The British Parliament
The British Parliament is the oldest in the world. It was formed in the 12th century to consult the King in his policy. The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of Commons and the Queen as its head. The House of Commons plays the major role in law-making. It consists of Members of Parliament (called MPs for short). Each of them represents an area in England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland. Parliamentary elections are held every 5 years. The minimum voting age is 18. The British parliamentary system depends on political parties. The party which wins the majority of seats forms the government and its leader usually becomes Prime Minister. The Prime Minister chooses about 20 MPs from his party to become the Cabinet of Ministers. The second largest party becomes the official opposition with its own leader and "Shadow Cabinet". The parliament and the monarch meet together on symbolic occasions, such as coronation of a new monarch or the opening of the parliament. The House of Commons is made up of six hundred and fifty elected members, it is presided over by the Speaker. MPs sit on two sides of the hall, one side for the governing party and the other for the opposition. The first 2 rows of seats are occupied by the leading members of both parties (called "front benches") The back benches belong to the rank-and-file MPs. The House of Commons plays the major role in law making. The procedure is the following: a proposed law ("a bill") has to go through three stages in order to become a law. When the bill passes through the House of Commons, it is sent to the House of Lords for discussion, when the Lords agree it, the bill is taken to the Queen for royal assent, when the Queen signs the bill, it becomes act of the Parliament and the Law of the Land. The House of Lords has more than 1000 members, although only about 250 take an active part in the work in the house. Members of this Upper House are not elected, they sit there because of their rank, the chairman of the House of Lords is the Lord Chancellor. And he sits on a special seat, called "Wool Sack." The members of the House of Lords debate the bill after it has been passed by the House of Commons. Some changes may be recommended and the agreement between the two houses is reached by negotiations.
Vote - голосовать “Shadow Cabinet” - «Теневой Кабинет» preside - председательствовать rank-and-file – рядовые члены партии royal assent – королевская санкция rank – высокое положение the Lord Chancellor – Лорд-Канцлер negotiations - переговоры
Answer the questions. 1 How old is the British Parliament? 2 How many Houses does the British Parliament consist of? 3 Which House plays the major role in law making? 4 How often are the parliamentary elections held? 5 Who can take part in voting? 6 What party forms the government? 7 Who chooses the Cabinet of Ministers? 8 Who forms the “Shadowy Cabinet”? 9 How many MPs are there in the House of Commons? 10 Are members of the House of Lords elected?
Зверніть увагу, свідоцтва знаходяться в Вашому особистому кабінеті в розділі «Досягнення»
Всеосвіта є суб’єктом підвищення кваліфікації.
Співпраця із закладами освіти.
Дізнатись більше про сертифікати.