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The Olympic Games
I. Listen to these facts about the Olympic Games.
Complete the sentences with the correct numbers.
1. The first modern Olympic Games took place in Athens, Greece, 1896. There were _________ (17,000/70,000) people in the stadium.
2. The Olympic Games take place every four years, but there were no Games in (1916/1960) and (1914/1944), because of the war.
3. The first Winter Olympics were in 1924 in France. In______ (1918/1980), the _______ (13th/30th) Winter Olympic Games took place in the USA.
II. Read the text and say what kinds of sport were popular among the ancient Greeks.
The Olympic Games
The Olympic Games have a very long history. They began more than two thousand years ago in Greece. The Greeks were very fond of music, plays and all kinds of physical exercises. The famous Games at Olympia took place every four years. All the cities in Greece sent their best athletes to take part in them. The strongest athletes competed in running, jumping, wrestling, throwing the discus and boxing. There were also chariot races. The Games were very popular, and thousands of Greek came to watch them. It was a tradition to stop wars for the time of the Olympic Games, and people lived in peace.
The competitions lasted for five days. The winners in each kind of sport got an olive wreath which was the highest honour. When the champions came back home, the people greeted them with flowers. The people often put statues of their champions in the city squares, because they brought glory to their native city.
III. Read and complete the sentences. Choose the correct item.
1. The Olympic Games began more than _________________.
a) 2000 years ago b) 1000 years ago c) 200 years ago
2. They began in ______________.
a) Great Britain b) Greece c) Rome
3. The famous Games at Olympia took place every ______________ years
a) five b) ten c) four
4. ________________ in Greece sent their best athletes to take раrt in the Olympic Games.
a) All the cities b) Some c) The big cities
5. _________________ competed in running, jumping, wrestling throwing the discus and boxing.
a) Famous people b) The strongest athletes c) Not many peopl
6. The winners in each kind of sport got _________________ which was
the highest honour.
a) a medal b) money c) an olive wreath
IV. Read and complete the sentences.
Put the verbs in bracke into the correct tense form.
1. _______ we _______ (to have) a hard game yesterday?
2. The field at this stadium __________________ (to be) very good.
3. ________ you ever ________ (to be) to the Sports Palace?
4. What kinds of sport _________ the Greek _________(to compete) in?
5. The boy looks happy: he __________ (to win) the sports competition.
The Olympic Games.
I. Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions.
1. Where did the Olympic Games begin?
2. When did the Olympic Games begin?
3. What kinds of sport were popular among the ancient Greeks?
4. Were the competitions in Olympia friendly?
5. How many days did the ancient Olympic Games last?
6. How did the Greek honour the champions?
II. Read and say what you have learnt about modern Olympic Games.
The Olympic Games
For a long time, from 394 till 1896, there were no Olympic Games. Since 1896 the best athletes of the world have met again every four years, as it was in Greece many, many years ago.
The capitals of many countries have been Olympic cities -Athens, Paris, London, Berlin, Helsinki, Rome, Tokyo, Mexico, Moscow and others.
There are Summer and Winter Olympic Games now. The best sportsmen compete in more than 30 different kinds of sport in modern Olympic Games. The Games have a lot of symbols. The five Olympic rings are the symbol of the unity of five continents. They are of five colours - red, yellow, blue, green and black - on a white field of the Olympic Flag.
In 2004 Athens became the city which hosted the Olympic Games again. The Olympic Games in Greece turned into a bright, beautiful and exciting festival of sports. Hundreds of sports grounds, stadiums, swimming pools were ready to meet the best athletes of the world.
III. Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions below.
1. When did the modern Olympic Games start?
2. Which kinds of the Olympic Games do we have nowadays?
3. Which kinds of sport do the modern sportsmen compete in?
4. What do you know about the symbols of the Olympic Games?
5. Which cities were the Olympic capitals?
6. Which city hosted the Olympic Games in 2004?
IV. Listen, read and act out a dialogue.
Dan: Miss Alison, can you explain me the difference between the words "sport" and "game"? I'm not certain how to use them.
Miss Alison: What is the difficulty, Dan?
D a n: Well, football and tennis are games. Swimming and boatin are not games. Am I right?
Miss Alison: Yes, you are.
Dan: They have running and jumping and all sorts of things at the Olympic Games. But running and jumping are not games.
Miss Alison: There are many things at the Olympic Games that are not games. They are athletic events. Let's take the word "game first. When we use the word "game", we think of some kind of spol in
which there are two sides or teams. We talk about football as game, because there are two teams which compete with each other.
Dan: And what about the word "sport"?
Miss Alison: "Sport" is a general word for games and activities which involve physical effort. Football, basketball, tennis all kinds of sport or games.
Dan: Thank you, Miss Alison.
Miss Alison: You are welcome.
2 a) Listen and read.
There are some things people do almost every day. Shopping is one of them. You can do the shopping in the supermarkets, department stores, shops and market places. Those people who buy things are customers. Those people who sell things are shop-assistants.
People who live in towns and cities can buy everything in a supermarket. It has many different departments or sections: the baker's, the dairy, the greengrocer's, the grocer's and others. They sell all kinds of food, clothes, toys, magazines and household goods in this big store. The things which are alike are in the same area. Even so, they are sometimes hard to find. Then the shop-assistant is always at hand and customers can address her/him for help. They can also ask questions at the Customers' Service Area.
Some supermarkets have deli and bakery departments where you can order what you want. In the other departments you take what you want from the shelf.
b) Listen, read and act out the dialogue.
Kim is doing the shopping now. She has got a long shopping list. She has already bought some vegetables and fruit and now she is ordering cold cuts at the deli department.
Shop-assistant: Who is next?
К і m: I am.
Shop-assistant: What would you like?
Kim: I'd like a kilo of ham and half a kilo of cheese.
Shop-assistant: Anything else?
К і m: No, that's all, thanks.
3 Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the questions.
1. Where is Kim?
2. What does she want to buy?
3. Who is she talking to?
4. How much ham does she want to buy?
5. How much cheese does she want to buy?
6. Does Kim want to buy anything else?
4 Work in pairs. Act out the situation "In the Supermarket".
Use the dialogue of Ex. 2 as an example.
Role Card A. You are a customer. You are doing the shopping in the supermarket. Write a shopping list. Order what you want.
Role Card B. You are a shop-assistant. Talk to a customer and help him/her to buy the things he/she is looking for.
5 Read and choose the correct item to complete the sentences.
1. Tom always _______________ the shopping on Sundays.
a) do b) does c) is doing
2. The things which are alike ____________ in the same area in the supermarket.
a) is b) will be c) are
3. Steve ______________ cold cuts at the deli department, when Alex saw him.
was ordering b) were ordering c) ordered
4. - What would you like?
- I ________ a kilo of apples, please,
a) want b) like c) would like
5. - Excuse me, can you help me? I __________ for the confectionary department.
a) am looking b) looked c) was looking
6. I have __________ a kilo of fish, but I haven't __________ cheese and sausages.
a) buy b) buys c) bought
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct tense form.
Maria____(to go) shopping with her mother last Saturday. They____(to want) to buy some presents for the coming holiday.
At first the girl and her mum_____(to buy) a nice tie for the father, then they (to look) at the toys for Maria classmates. The girl_____(to see) many toys for boys and girls: nice dolls, construction sets, jigsaw puzzles and interesting table games. Then they_____(to visit) the ladies' and junior dresses section. While Maria's mother_____(to try on) a new skirt, the girl_____(to go) to look at the other departments. There_____(to be) so many beautiful things everywhere. Maria even_____(not, to notice) how she_____(to get) lost. She_____(to understand) this, when she_____(not, can) find her mother. The girl_____(not, to cry). She_____(to ask) the shop-assistant to help her find the ladies' dresses department and soon her mum_____(to have) nothing to worry about.
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