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Topic: National cuisine of Ukraine and Great Britain
Objectives : to activate some key vocabulary; to revise and enrich students’ vocabulary on the topic; to develop students’ listening skills; to practice speaking and reading skills of students; to practice the use of 2nd Conditionals; to broaden students’ knowledge of the topic; to develop students’ thinking
Materials: Oksana Karpiuk English 10 Class Book, DVD “Window on Britain”: cards, the text for reading comprehension; computer and whiteboard
Motto: Tastes differ
At the blackboard :
“If the English can survive their food, they can survive anything” ( George Bernard Shaw )
Every cook praises his own broth
“On the Continent people have good food, in England people have good table manner” (George Mikes, writer and humourist)
Good morning pupils. At the beginning of our lesson I’d like you repeat after me
Every day, in every way, my English is getting better and better
Today we are going to speak about food. And our topic is “National cuisine of Ukraine and Great Britain”.
As you can see the motto is “Tastes differ”. It is right, because so many people, so many tastes. Another words So many countries, so many customs. This saying is found almost in every language. People really have different tastes. In the first place it displays in food. There are individual tastes and there are common tastes of a nation established by history and customs.
A French man will eat a fried frog with pleasure but Ukrainian would choose something different. Pigs are not eating in Moslem countries though Europeans are fond of pork. A sandwich of raw meat is a delicacy for a German while in other countries it is not served. Fried ants are eaten in Africa, dogs – in South Asia.
And now tell me:
What is your favourite dish?
What do you usually eat for breakfast?
Who usually cooks in your family?
Name the food you dislike
Thank you for your answers.
III. Practise the words and word-combinations.
Let’s play a game. I need two pupils at the blackboard. I show one pupil a word in Ukrainian on the paper, for example “час ланчу” , He/she has to translate it in English and write it down on the blackboard. For example, “lunch time”. Pupils in the classroom have to explain it to another classmate at the blackboard not calling the word. For example, one hour break in England for meal from 12 till 13. And this pupil will answer “lunch time”.
So let’s play…
takeaway food (is food you buy at a restaurant and take home to eat)
dessert ( it is something sweet that can be eaten as a last course)
spicy food ( Indian food)
Answer the questions:
Do the national Ukrainian dishes differ from those of English ?
What is the difference between meals and mealtimes in England and Ukraine?
What is English “afternoon tea”? (a cup of tea and a cake taken in the sitting room or at work)
(Britain is a tea-drinking nation. Every day they drink 165 million cups of the stuff and each year around 144 thousand tons of tea are imported.
Tea in Britain is traditionally brewed in a warmed china teapot, adding one spoonful of tea per person and one for the pot. Most Britons like their tea strong and dark, but with a lot of milk.)
Years ago, the milk was poured into the cup first, so as not to crack the porcelain.
Did you know?
If someone asks you if you 'would like a cuppa', they are asking if you would like a cup of tea.
If someone says 'let me be mother' or 'shall I be mother', they are offering to pour out the tea from the teapot.
Listen to the text about British food and complete the sentences:
Usual British breakfast is…. ( milk and cereal , toasts and jam or marmalade, fruit juice, tea or coffee )
Lunch is about …….. o’clock
For dinner people usually have…….. ( meat or fish, vegetables pizza or pasta)
British teenagers really like…… ( ice-cream, chips, chocolate, vegetable) and not like…… ( sausages, cauliflower, onion, vegetable, pasta)
And now answer the questions:
In what way do British usually get milk?
When does the milkman usually bring milk?
What is traditional England breakfast? (bacon, eggs, sausage, tomato, fried bread)
What do they have for lunch? ( sandwich or snack)
Where do they usually buy food? ( in the supermarket)
What is convenience food? ( You don’t prepare it, just put it in the oven or microwave)
When do they have main meal? ( at 6 or 7 p.m.)
Do British usually go out to have dinner?
What restaurants are popular among British? ( Chinese, Indian, Thai, Italian)
Are chips and fish traditional British food? Is it expensive?
VI. Work in groups.
I’d like you to divide into two teams (British, Ukrainians). First write down as many questions as possible to find out some more information about national food of another country.
(Pupils ask each other the questions)
So, let’s name traditional Ukrainian food:
soured milk, cottage cheese, brynza
boiled or baked potato
Traditional British food:
fried fish and chips
Eggs and bacon (sausages, fried bread, baked beans and mushrooms)
cornflakes with milk
toasts and marmalade
And now I give you a recipe of a national dish. You have to make a list of ingredients and show it to another team. And they will try to guess your dish.
Put the chopped beetroot, carrots and green beans into a saucepan with about 2 litres of water and cook for a while. Then, add the rest of the vegetables, dill and salt and cook until vegetables are tender, adding more water if necessary. Fry the finely chopped onion in oil in a small frying pan and add flour. Stir until smooth. You use this to thicken the soup; add this to the borshch when the vegetables are cooked. Add some cream and the freshly chopped garlic and cook for about 5 minutes more. Serve.
The Christmas Pudding is a direct descendant of the old time plum porridge, beloved by English people in the Middle Ages.
Nowadays, in addition to the basic mixture of flour, bread-crumbs and eggs, the ingredients of Christmas pudding include raisins, currants, candied peel, chopped almonds and walnuts, grated carrot and a good measure of brandy, whisky or old ale.
(So, pupils make lists of ingredients and show them to another team. Contestants try to name the national dish).
VII. Grammar: 2nd Conditionals
Complete the 2nd conditionals by changing the form of the verb
1. If dinner…. (be) ready we …(sit) around the table at once.
2. She … (stay hungry) if she …( be) in Mexico because she hates spicy food
3. We … (put) more English dishes on the menu if we …(have) an English chef in the restaurant .
4. If I …(be) you, I…(prefer pudding for dessert.
5. We …. (cook) more dishes if we …(have) more various ingredients.
Complete the 2nd conditionals by changing the form of the verb and answer the questions
If you …(be) in England, what dishes would you taste?
Which food … you …(prefer) to eat if you were hungry?
Which items would you choose if you…(be proposed) an English breakfast?
Read an article giving some interesting facts about potatoes. Some parts of the text are missing. Choose the most appropriative part from the list (A – O) for each gap ( 1 – 12) in the text. There is one extra part that do not need.
Some facts about potatoes
Almost five thousand years ago, The Inca Indians found that potatoes grew very well in the high mountains of Peru. Potatoes formed (0) _______ of the Inca diet. The Incas used potatoes in many different ways. They baked them in hot ashes, and they (1) ______ or dried. The Incas even made potatoes into flour by pounding and drying them.
The Spanish soldiers who came to South America five hundred years ago tried the potatoes and (2) ______. A ship loaded with potatoes was sent back to Spain, where the vegetable was planted. Within twenty years, potatoes were being eaten all over Spain.
Sir Walter Raleigh brought potatoes to Ireland, where he (3) ______ on the farms near his home. Soon potatoes (4) ______ all over Ireland. From Ireland, the potato traveled to Germany. The German king Frederick William had (5) ______in his country. He ordered all farmers to plant potatoes in the hope of solving Germany’s food problems. A French soldier brought the first potato from Germany to France. Soon the vegetable caught on all over France, too.
The potato (6) _____ in South America and then traveled to Europe. Now it was time for it to cross the ocean again to North America. English colonists in Virginia (7) _______ to North America in 1622.
Potatoes are one of the world’s (8)_______. They can be made into many delicious dishes. Perhaps you have had them baked, French-fried, in chips or sticks, as mashed potatoes, as soup, or even in potato pancakes. The next time you enjoy potatoes, remember the long trip they took to (9) ___on your table.
Choose the correct variant
A -planted them
B - a food shortage
C - most popular foods
D - brought it
E - leave the country
F - were grown
G - had started
H - liked them
I - an important part
J - ate them raw
K - end up
Let’s do the text analysis
Try to find some positive information, negative information, facts or some summary information in these sentences
facts or some summary information
1.Almost five thousand years ago, The Inca Indians found that potatoes grew very well in the high mountains of Peru.
Facts - five thousand years ago
+ - potatoes grew very well? They were not hungry
- Pot. grew very well just in the high mountains of Peru
2. Potatoes formed an important part of the Inca diet
- maybe they eat only potatoes
+ it is very useful
3-5. The Incas used potatoes in many different ways. They baked them in hot ashes, and they ate them raw or dried. The Incas even made potatoes into flour by pounding and drying them.
facts – they made a lot of dishes
+ they had different various dishes
they worked hard to grow
6. The Spanish soldiers who came to South America five hundred years ago tried the potatoes and liked them.
Facts - five hundred years ago
- The Spanish soldiers came and maybe thy wanted to kill people
+ But they liked potatoes
A ship loaded with potatoes was sent back to Spain, where the vegetable was planted. Within twenty years, potatoes were being eaten all over Spain.
Soldiers took the Inca’s potatoes
+ Potatoes came to another continent, people in Spain could it them.
9-10. Sir Walter Raleigh brought potatoes to Ireland, where he planted them on the farms near his home. Soon potatoes were grown all over Ireland.
Facts - the exact name Sir Walter Raleigh
+ One more country could eat the potatoes
12-13. The German king Frederick William had a food shortage in his country. He ordered all farmers to plant potatoes in the hope of solving Germany’s food problems
- They had a food shortage in Germany
+ The King found out how to solve the problem
14-15.A French soldier brought the first potato from Germany to France. Soon the vegetable caught on all over France, too.
+ the vegetable came to France
16. The potato had started in South America and then traveled to Europe. Now it was time for it to cross the ocean again to North America. English colonists in Virginia brought it to North America in 1622.
Facts – 1622
+ people on another continent could eat potatoes
- potatoes came to North America latter than to Europe
Potatoes are one of the world’s most popular foods. They can be made into many delicious dishes. Perhaps you have had them baked, French-fried, in chips or sticks, as mashed potatoes, as soup, or even in potato pancakes. The next time you enjoy potatoes, remember the long trip they took to end up on your table.
Facts – you can enjoy them
+ A lot of delicious dishes
Answer the questions:
- Whose cuisine is tastier Ukrainian or British?
- What British dish would you like to taste?
- What was the most interesting for you at our lesson?
Make a project about your family’s favourite dish
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