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DEFINING AND NON-DEFINING RELATIVE CLAUSES
Read the sentences. The words in blue are relative pronouns. Use them to complete the rules 1 - 5 A. He’s the player who has the world record for scoring most goals. B. He needed the lucky shirt which he had given away. C. There are players whose superstitions almost stop them from plying. D. 1998 was the year when France hosted the World Cup. E. That wasn’t the only superstition (that) the team had. F. Edson Arantes do Nascimento is the player that is better known as Pele. G. He had never found the place where the fan lived. 1. We use ___________ and _____________ with people. 2. We use ___________ and ____________ with things. 3. We use ___________ to talk about possessions. 4. We use ___________ with places. We use ___________ with times.
Read sentences and answer the questions: A James Naismith, who was born in Canada, was working at a YMCA school. B It needed to be a sport which would keep students fit. C the man who invented it was James Naismith. D Naismith went to Berlin, where the games took place that year. E In 1936, when Naismith was 76 years old, basketball officially became part of the Olympic Games. F James Naismith was working in Massachusetts, which is really cold in winter. 1. Which sentences do you think are non-defining relative clauses – giving extra, non-essential information? 2. Which clauses have commas, defining or non-defining relative clauses? 3. Can we omit the relative pronouns in sentences with non-defining clauses? 4. In sentence F, we cannot use that because of what comes just before the relative pronoun. What comes just before it?
Performed on the materials from David Spencer Gateway B1+ Student’s Book
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