Хільмі Зія Улькен: життєвий шлях та наукова спадщина

Опис документу:
Презентацію присвячено видатному вченому-суспільствознавцеві Хільмі Зія Улькену, який зробив значний внесок у розвиток та зміцнення позицій сучасної турецької соціології. Його численні наукові праці (як монографії, так і статті) не лише сприяли формуванню інтересу до суспільних наук, а й стали класикою турецької соціологічної літератури.

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Опис презентації окремими слайдами:
THE SUBJECT MATTER OF SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN HİLMİ ZİYA ÜLKEN’S INTERPRETATION Olga Maksymenko, Institute of Sociology of the Nationa...
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THE SUBJECT MATTER OF SOCIOLOGY AND SOCIAL INSTITUTIONS IN HİLMİ ZİYA ÜLKEN’S INTERPRETATION Olga Maksymenko, Institute of Sociology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Who is Hilmi Ziya Ülken? Hilmi Ziya Ülken (1901–1974 ) is an eminent scholar who made a great contribution to the development of modern Turkish soc...
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Who is Hilmi Ziya Ülken? Hilmi Ziya Ülken (1901–1974 ) is an eminent scholar who made a great contribution to the development of modern Turkish sociology and consolidation of its positions.

Together with Ziya Gökalp (1876-1924), who is considered the “father” of Turkism, they paved the way for further basic and applied sociological res...
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Together with Ziya Gökalp (1876-1924), who is considered the “father” of Turkism, they paved the way for further basic and applied sociological research. In 1949, Hilmi Ziya Ülken founded the Turkish Sociological Society (Türk Sosyoloji Derneği)

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Hilmi Ziya Ülken’s major works “Umumî İçtimaiyat” — “General Social Science” (1931) “Türk Tefekkür Tarihi” — “The History of Turkish Public Thought...
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Hilmi Ziya Ülken’s major works “Umumî İçtimaiyat” — “General Social Science” (1931) “Türk Tefekkür Tarihi” — “The History of Turkish Public Thought” (1932-1933) “İnsanî Vatanperverlik” — “A Humane Patriotism” (1933) “İçtimaî Doktrinler Tarihi” — “The History of Social Doctrines ” (1940) “Dinî Sosyoloji” — “Sociology of Religion” (1943)

Hilmi Ziya Ülken’s major works “Milletlerin Uyanışı” — “Awakening the Nations” (1945) “İslâm Düşüncesi” — “The Islamic Thought” (1946) “Millet ve T...
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Hilmi Ziya Ülken’s major works “Milletlerin Uyanışı” — “Awakening the Nations” (1945) “İslâm Düşüncesi” — “The Islamic Thought” (1946) “Millet ve Tarih Şuuru” — “The Nation and Historical Consciousness” (1948)

Hilmi Ziya Ülken’s major works “Dünyada ve Türkiye’de Sosyoloji Öğretimi ve Araştırmaları” — “Teaching Sociology and Sociological Research in Turke...
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Hilmi Ziya Ülken’s major works “Dünyada ve Türkiye’de Sosyoloji Öğretimi ve Araştırmaları” — “Teaching Sociology and Sociological Research in Turkey and Around the World” (1956) “Türkiye’de Cağdaş Düşünce Tarihi” — “The History of Contemporary Thought in Turkey” (1966) “Sosyoloji Sözlüğü” — “A Dictionary of Sociology” (1970)

Hilmi Ziya Ülken divides social institutions into five main groups: Neighbourhood institutions (komşuluk müesseseleri) based on common land ownersh...
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Hilmi Ziya Ülken divides social institutions into five main groups: Neighbourhood institutions (komşuluk müesseseleri) based on common land ownership. Institutions of blood relationship (kandaşlık müesseseleri) based on family unity. Economic institutions based on joint work (iş bağlılığına dayanan iktisadî müesseseler). Economic institutions based on the community of power or coercion (kudret bağlılığına dayanan iktisadî müesseseler). Religious-ideological institutions (dinî-ideolojik müesseseler) based on the community of faith, beliefs and convictions.

“... The society does not consist of a specific array of stable relations. On the contrary, these relations go through constant changes. The relati...
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“... The society does not consist of a specific array of stable relations. On the contrary, these relations go through constant changes. The relations, which are the basic subject matter of sociology, ought to be studied. Apparently, these relations are neither arbitrary nor occasional. They are subject to certain conditions like other natural changes... Thus, the subject matter of sociology consists in relations called social and their changes. It is not enough to study how people influence each other (moreover, the influence can be both physical and intellectual) or focus on some abstract changes. First of all, the phases of social changes accompanying these relations should be taken into consideration”. (“The Subject Matter and Method of Sociology ”, 1942)

“…Cemiyetin keşif ve sabit kütle olacak yerde değişen münasebetlerden ibaret olmasına gelince, işte asıl sosyolojinin mevzunu teşkil edecekte bu mü...
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“…Cemiyetin keşif ve sabit kütle olacak yerde değişen münasebetlerden ibaret olmasına gelince, işte asıl sosyolojinin mevzunu teşkil edecekte bu münasebetler ve onların değişme şartlarını araştırmak olacaktır. Gerçekten onların zannedildiği gibi keyfi ve tesadüfî değişmeler olmadığı, başka tabii değişmeler gibi muayyen şartlara bağlı olduğu sathi tetkiklerde anlaşılabilir. Şu halde toplumbilimin mevzunu içtimai adını verdiğimiz münasebetler ve değişmeler alacaktır. Toplumbilimde ruhi veya uzvi noktalar gibi alınan insanların birbirine tesirlerini ve mücerret münasebetlerini tetkik etmek kâfi değildir. Fakat bu münasebetler arasında mevcut olan içtimai değişmelerin safhalarını tetkik etmek lâzımdır.” (Sosyolojinin Mevzu ve Usulü”, 1942)

Social relations include relationships between people (human — human) and relationships between people and natural phenomena (human — nature).
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Social relations include relationships between people (human — human) and relationships between people and natural phenomena (human — nature).

A sociologist, in Ülken’s opinion, is supposed to study “…social formations from the parts to the whole” (parçalardan bütünlere doğru giderek toplu...
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A sociologist, in Ülken’s opinion, is supposed to study “…social formations from the parts to the whole” (parçalardan bütünlere doğru giderek toplumsal oluşumları incelemeleri). (“Sosyolojinin Dalları” — “Branches of Sociology”, 1949)

Modernisation (çağdaşlaşma) means reaching the same level as the Western world in all spheres including economy, politics and system of values. How...
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Modernisation (çağdaşlaşma) means reaching the same level as the Western world in all spheres including economy, politics and system of values. However, both passive admiration for a “higher” culture and simple imitation of some its parts ought to be avoided, since such an approach leaves no chances for the society’s proper development.

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