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Reading Test. The History of Chinese Cuisine

Англійська мова

Для кого: 10 Клас, II курс, Дорослі

1 проходження

7 запитань

02.10.2022

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I Wish You Good Luck!

Запитання №1 з однією правильною відповіддю Балів: 14%

Read the text and choose the correct answer.

THE HISTORY OF CHINESE CUISINE

In China, food and its preparation has been developed so highly that it has reached the status of an art form. Rich and poor, the Chinese people consider _____ There is an old Chinese saying “Food is the first necessity of the people”. This art has been cultivated and refined over hundreds of years. Legend has it that the culture of Chinese cuisine originated in the 15th century BC during the Shang dynasty and was originally introduced by Yi Yin, it’s first Prime Minister.

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Read the text and choose the correct answer.

THE HISTORY OF CHINESE CUISINE

The two dominant philosophies of Chinese culture both had extreme influences on the political and economic history of the country but it is less well known ____ .

Запитання №3 з однією правильною відповіддю Балів: 14%

Read the text and choose the correct answer.

THE HISTORY OF CHINESE CUISINE

Confucius emphasized the artistic and social aspects of cookery and eating. The Chinese don’t gather together without involving food — it is considered to be poor etiquette ____ .

Запитання №4 з однією правильною відповіддю Балів: 14%

Read the text and choose the correct answer.

THE HISTORY OF CHINESE CUISINE

Confucius established standards of cooking and table etiquette, most of which remain to this day. The most obvious example of this is the cutting of bite-sized pieces of meat and vegetables during the course of the food preparation in the kitchen, rather than using a knife at the table which is not considered to be good manners. Confucius also encouraged the blending of ingredients and flavourings ______ tasting the individual components. Harmony was his priority. He believed and taught that without harmony of ingredients there could be no taste.

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Read the text and choose the correct answer.

THE HISTORY OF CHINESE CUISINE

He also emphasized the importance of presentation and the use of colour, texture and decoration of a dish. Most importantly, _____ a task to be endured and certainly he was instrumental in promulgating the philosophy of “live to eat” rather than “eat to live”. On the other hand, Tao encouraged research into the nourishment aspects of food and cookery. Rather than concentrating on taste and appearance, Taoists were more interested in the life-giving properties of food.

Запитання №6 з однією правильною відповіддю Балів: 14%

Read the text and choose the correct answer.

THE HISTORY OF CHINESE CUISINE

Centuries on, the Chinese have discovered the health-giving properties of all sorts of roots, herbs, fungus and plants. They have taught the world ______ and in addition have found that things with a great flavour also have medicinal value. Home cooked Chinese food is extremely healthy, even though much of it is fried. This is due to the use of polyunsaturated oils (used only once and discarded) and the exclusion of dairy products. In addition the inclusion of animal fat is minimal because portions of meat are small.

Запитання №7 з однією правильною відповіддю Балів: 14%

Read the text. and choose the correct answer.

Life depends on it as much as on oxygen. Human beings and animals need salt for the proper functioning of their bodies. But it is strange to think that a mineral as cheap and commonplace as has played such an exotic and dramatic role in history. Salt sparked off wars in 250BC, it caused North American Indians to hand over land and furs to European settlers, and in Tibet, Ethiopia and Rome it was so highly valued that it became a form of money.
People were not aware of just how much they needed salt until they discovered that it had a very practical use. If meat or fish could be kept in a barrel of salt, or brine, the food could be stored for months without it going bad. So salt became very valuable, and demand began to exceed supply. For Julius Caesar, the news that there was salt in Britain provided a good reason for invading the country. And Roman soldiers were even paid in salt, so it is the origin of the word salary.
It is hardly a great surprise, then, to find that salt – like gold – acquired magical properties, and stories and superstitions grew up around it. Primitive people put it on the head of an animal that was to be sacrificed to the gods, babies in medieval Europe were washed in salt water and children made to wear little bags of the stuff around their necks to keep them from harm.
Even food today, in many countries, the accidental spilling of salt still makes people throw a pinch of salt over the shoulder to counteract bad luck – just in case there is some truth in it.

Decide if the sentence is true or false according to the text.

Salt was used as an award in military actions.

Опис, який учні побачать після проходження тестування

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Опис тесту (учням цей опис не показується):

Мета тесту: вдосконалювати лексичні навички та навички читання, сприяти розширенню знань учнів.

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