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Training test. Countries and values

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Англійська мова

Для кого: 10 Клас, 11 Клас

06.12.2022

43

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Вміст матеріалу:

Відображення документу є орієнтовним і призначене для ознайомлення зі змістом, та може відрізнятися від вигляду завантаженого документа.

Опис методичного матеріалу:

1) Read these definitions and write the word(s) for each definition. Use 'to' with verbs in your answers.

1. Extremely large in size or amount

2. To keep someone or something safe from injury, damage, or loss

3. To show a particular result after a period of time

2) Read the text "New Zealand".

Aoraki-Mt-cook-new-zealand_INT_full.jpg

New Zealand is an island nation, situated between the Equator and the South Pole in the southern Pacific Ocean. It is situated the same distance east from Australia as London is from Moscow. The distance between the two countries is about 1,600 kilometres. The countries are separated by the Tasman Sea. Its nearest neighbours to the North are New Caledonia, Fiji and Tonga.

New Zealand includes two main and a number of smaller islands. Each of the two main islands (North and South Islands) is hilly and mountainous. The main mountain ranges are on the South Island and include the Southern Alps, in which 20 peaks exceed 3,000 metres. The highest peak is Mount Cook on South Island. A volcanic plateau is in the centre of North Island. There are three active volcanoes in North Island, and the Rotorua district is known for its geysers and hot springs. Volcanic action also played a part in the formation of the islands, especially on the North Island, where the process still continues. Earthquakes are frequent there.

As a result of the movement of these tectonic plates many mountains have been lifted above the lowlands or reduced. In 1991 an avalanche reduced the highest peak, Mount Cook, from 3,764 metres to 3,754 metres.

New Zealand has an oceanic climate, without extremes of heat or cold. Snow is common only in the mountains. The eastern lowlands include the driest and sunniest climates.

The population of the country is small, 3.6 million people. Three fourths of New Zealanders live on North Island. The largest centre of population is Auckland. The capital of the country is Wellington.

New Zealand is an independent state and a member of the Commonwealth. The British monarch is head of state, represented by Governor General. As in Great Britain, the legislature is called the Parliament. In New Zealand the Parliament consists of a single chamber, the House of Representatives. Its members are elected every three years. There are 120 members in the House of Representatives. The leader of the party in power becomes the Prime Minister, who heads the formal Executive Council. There are 38 government departments in the country. Most ministers have charge of more than one department.

The Parliament seats in Wellington in the building which is called the Beehive because of its form. The Prime Minister’s residence in Wellington is known as Vogel House. New Zealand’s dairy industry is considered to be the most efficient. The export of dairy products is the largest in the world despite the country’s small size and population. Other industries are textiles, machinery, fish, forest products. Agriculture is highly industrialized. New Zealand is often called the sheep farm of Great Britain.

The largest cities of the country are Wellington, Auckland, Christchurch. English and Maori are the official languages, also English is the main language.

Write words into each gap:

1. It is situated the from Australia as London is from Moscow.

2. New Zealand has an , without extremes of heat or cold. Snow is common only in the mountains.

3. New Zealand is the sheep farm of Great Britain.

3) What to see in the UK?

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There are a lot of interesting places in Great Britain, which are worth visiting. One of the most famous and mysterious archaeological sites of Great Britain is Stonehenge. The huge stones of Stonehenge were transported from Wales and set up in a circle on Salisbury Plain. One of the mysteries is how it was ever built with the technology of that time. Another is its purpose. It appears to function as a kind of astronomical clock and we know it was used by the Druids for ceremonies marking the passing of the seasons. Nowadays every year thousands of young people go to Stonehenge to take part in the midsummer Druid festival, but only a small number of people are allowed near the circle of stones. Stonehenge is fenced off to protect it from damage.

Another mysterious place is Loch Ness, one of the lakes in Scotland, where some people think a large monster lives. The first recorded sighting of Nessie was in the sixth century. But despite scientific expeditions, underwater exploration and millions of tourist photographs, the monster has resisted all attempts to prove - or disprove - her existence. The monster has made Loch Ness the most famous lake in the world. Others are longer, wider and deeper, few are more beautiful, but none has monster to rival Nessie.

The Lake District is the largest National Park in England. It is situated on the northwest side of the Pennine system and contains plenty of beautiful lakes which gave it its name. More picturesque and diverse scenery can be found here than in any other area of Britain. For the lover of outdoor life the Lake District has almost everything. Make your own memories, on foot if you can, when the June days are long, the clouds are high and the hills are free. Perhaps then you may say that the Lake District is the loveliest spot that man has ever found.

Britain is known to be the garden kingdom. There are a lot of extraordinary gardens and parks. Britain’s first Safari Park in Longleat is famous for its exotic animals and the world’s largest Maze. The Maze was planted in 1975. It consists of over 1,5 miles pathways flanked by yew hedges.

Write true or false:

1. The huge stones of Stonehenge were transported from Wales and set up in a square on Salisbury Plain.

2. Underwater exploration and millions of tourist photographs, the monster has resisted all attempts to prove - or disprove - her existence.

3. More picturesque and diverse scenery can be found here than in any other area of Britain.

4) Read these definitions and choose the right variant:

1. Be in a particular position

  • Be separated

  • Be situated

2. Some; an amount that is not exact but is fewer than many

  • Several

  • Be made up of

3. Be divided something into smaller parts

  • Comprise

  • Be subdivided

5) Here are the words but the letters are mixed up. Write the correct variant.

Example 0.

ralseve

Answer 0.

several

1. taincon

2. ffodilda

3. rocksham