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Painters of Great Britain
William Hogarth (1697 - 1764)
William Hogarth (1697 – 1764) was an English painter, printmaker, pictorial satirist, social critic and editorial cartoonist who has been credited with pioneering western sequential art. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic strip-like series of pictures called "modern moral subjects". Knowledge of his work is so pervasive that satirical political illustrations in this style are often referred to as "Hogarthian."
The Court In his life Hogarth battled against oppression, cruelty and idleness of the rich. He depicted their behaviour in his canvases.
Artist's Servants The Shrimp Girl Many fine portraits of common people belong to his brush. Such pictures as «The Shrimp Girl», «Artist's Servants» embody all the wit and vitality of the Londoners, their clarity and honesty.
The Graham Children He was also fond of painting children and his picture “The Graham Children” shows a delightfully gay young family, painted with admirable freshness.
The Rake's Progress Hogarth painted portraits and historical canvases but he became famous of his satirical works.
The Marriage Contract “The Marriage Contract” is the first of the series of Hogarth's pictures forming the famous “Marriage a la Mode”. The subject of the picture is a protest against marriage for money and vanity.
The second picture of the series depicts a family quarrel. The young people who married for money and vanity, cannot be happy.
Calais Gate A fat monk in the center of the picture touching the piece of meat is a symbol of greediness. Hogarth placed himself in the background sketching the gate.
The Sleeping Congregation In this picture the painter makes fun of rich proud citizens sleeping in the church during the sermon of a dull priest. Thus Hogarth shows different representatives of English society, sometimes with love, sometimes with irony.
Joshua Reynolds Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), the first President of the Royal Academy was the founder of the academic principles of a “British School”.
General Sir Banastre Tarleton
The Portrait of Nelly O'Brien After three years of studying in Italy Reynolds became a leading painter of England. He painted many portraits group pictures and historical ones. One of his best – and honest – portraits of those times is “The Portrait of Nelly O'Brien”.
Lady Caroline Scott as “Winter” He also liked to paint children. There are sentimental and lyrical portraits among these canvases painted with great love. Rogue
The Infant Hercules Strangling the Serpents His canvas “The Infant Hercules Strangling the Serpents” allegorically shows the might of Russia. The picture was ordered by Catherine II.
Countess Spencer with Lady Georgiana Spencer In 1789 the painter became blind in one eye. He understood that he did not give up painting. For twenty years Joshua Reynolds was the most prominent artist of his day, even in the face of the rising Gainsborough.
Thomas Gainsborough Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788) was the creator of the English school of landscape. He had little academic training and learned to paint by observing the actual world. Thomas Gainsborough, His Wife and Daughter.
Robert and Mary Andrews The artist had to paint portraits in order to earn his living. But it was landscape which had his heart and he often placed his figures against a landscape background.
The Blue Boy Perhaps the best of all Gainsborough's portraits is the famous “The Blue Boy”. It is said that he proved to some painters that the main colour in a picture should be blue.
Sarah Siddons the leading actress of the Drury Lane Theatre, was painted by both Reynolds and Gainsborough. Reynolds proceeded to paint her in his classical grand manner. Gainsborough, on the other hand, portrayed her in simple street dress in his beloved blue. It is said that while painting her he exclaimed, “Damn the noise there's no end to it”. J. Reynolds “Mrs. Siddons as the Tragic Muse” T. Gainsborough. “Mrs. Siddons”
The Cottage Door The artist loved the country – side of his childhood. He was the first to introduce lyrical freedom into British painting. His pictures are full of poetry and music.
In the last years of his life the artist painted some pictures of children. He was seldom able to hide his true feelings when he painted and he gave his gifts most fully when he portrayed people he loved. That’s why the portraits of his daughters are the loveliest paintings of children in all English art.
The Wood Gatherers “A Girl with Pigs”, “The Wood Gatherers”, “A Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher” and others are painted with fatherly tenderness. He showed, unmistakably, that nature was kinder to these common people than their fellow men. A Cottage Girl with Dog and Pitcher A Girl with Pigs
The Woodmen Very near the end of life, Gainsborough painted his last great fancy picture, a poetic portrait of a countrymen caught beneath a darkening, thunderous sky. The picture powerfully shows the unity between man and nature. It was Gainsborough's last testament.
Watering place The creative work of Thomas Gainsborough is full of vital joy, great interest for a man, love to poetry, nature, noble feelings and faith in the good.
George Stubbs (1724-1806) is considered the most English of painters.
Horse Attacked by a Lion
Mares and Foals Disturbed by an Approaching Storm Stubbs painted portraits and landscapes by which he earned his living for many years. But he was a painter of animals (especially horses) and that's why he painted magnificent landscapes as backgrounds of his racing, hunting and farming scenes.
Joseph Mallord William Turner (1774-1851) one of the greatest artists, not only of England but of the world, is remembered as a painter of the sea and sky, of light, mist and storm.
Tintern Abbey Very little is known of his life. At the age of 15 Turner exhibited his first water-colour at the Royal Academy, a member of which he was elected at the age of 27.
Fishermen at Sea It was probably in 1796 that the painter's first works in oil was shown at the Royal Academy. It was “Fishermen at Sea”. This picture shows the main elements of his future subject-matter: light, fire and sea, with man at their mercy.
Calais, Pier Turner made a visit to Paris where he had a unique opportunity for study of a different kind, for the Louvre then contained a magnificent display of work of art. The first result of his studying became “Calais, Pier”. The more it is studied the more actual the vision of a storm becomes. Isn't it true?
Rain, Steam and Speed – The Great Western Railway Turner saw beauty in furnaces, steam vessels, railways and so on and transferred it onto his canvases. He was the only really great painter to depict the new-man marvels of science and technology.
Snow Storm It was followed by a succession of major works which established Turner not only as the first painter of the day, but as a master of future art.
John Constable. Boat-Building near Flatford Mill The industrial Revolution in England greatly influenced art as a whole, and painting in particular. Such trends as the genre school, realistic landscape and portraiture school reflected the English life of that time.
(1776-1937) represents a full step forward in the modern development of landscape art. He is considered the father of realistic landscape of the XIX century. John Constable
The White Horse
Flatford Mill The artist deeply loved his country and sang it's beauty in his picture, for which he took simple fields, trees and waters of England. His people are often farm workers.
Flatford Mill from a Loch on the Stour Constable loved his birthplace. He never forgot the valley of the river Stour, the great trees on it's banks, the wooden bridges across the river. “These scenes made me a painter”, he used to say afterwards.
Hay Wain At that time there were few people in England who appreciated landscapes. So Constable had to show his pictures in France. Among these was the since famous “Hay Wain”, for which the painter was awarded the gold medal.
Salisbury Cathedral Constable was elected to the Royal Academy of England in 1829, but the felt that this honour had come too late. The meaning of his creative work was fully acknowledged only fifty years after his death.
Everett Millais’ career as a painter came at a time when art achieved a position in the cultural life of Britain that it has never had before of since. He began to draw at the age of four, and soon he distinguished himself in sketches from nature and portraits. Everett Millais (1829-1896)
Bubbles Millais loved children – he had eight of his own whom he often used as models – and he believed that their behavior and expressions revealed a true side of humanity which adults could never match. Cherry Ripe
My First Sermon “My First Sermon” and “My Second Sermon”. The Archbishop of Canterbury cited this as a useful warning against the evil of lengthily and dull sermons. My Second Sermon
Afternoon Tea (The Gossips) These girls are copying adult manners. Millais` affection for his young subjects is fully demonstrated in the canvas.
The Black Brunswicker The artist also painted pictures of historical motives. “The Black Brunswicker” tells about a soldier taking leave of his love before going of to the Battle of Waterloo. The emotional effect is increased because it is known that the Black Brunswickers where nearly all killed in the battle.
Ophelia Millais was very determined to be realistic and true to nature . So working at “Ophelia” (“Hamlet” by W. Shakespeare) the painter kept the model in a bath with warm water so that he could get the right effect.
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